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News in Short

News in Short - 13-June-2020

Reservation is not a fundamental right: Supreme court

Date: 13 June 2020 Tags: Judiciary & Judgments
  • The Supreme Court said that reservation of seats to certain communities was not a Fundamental Right and refused to act on a petition filed by all political parties from Tamil Nadu who sought 50% OBC reservation in the all-India NEET seats surrendered by states.
  • A bench comprising Justices L Nageswara Rao, Krishna Murari and S Ravindra Bhat opined that denial of the reservation by Centre cannot be held as violation of a constitutional right
  • The petition argued the Union HRD ministry and the state government were not following the state policy on reservations in filling up seats surrendered by states in NEET, including admissions for undergraduate, graduate, postgraduate, dental and diploma courses in medicine in private and government colleges.

Government seriously considering Universal Basic Income

Date: 13 June 2020 Tags: Society
  • The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has informed the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) that the recommended implementation of a universal basic income was “under examination and active consideration” of the Centre.
  • As a part of the third round of the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) process, which is done every four-and-a-half-years, the NHRC submitted its mid-term report to the UN agency recently.
  • Universal basic income (UBI)is a governmental public program for a periodic payment delivered to all on an individual basis without a means test or work requirement.

Study warns of poverty on population due to Coronavirus

Date: 13 June 2020 Tags: Reports & Indices
  • Global poverty is set to rise above 1 billion people once again as a result of the coronavirus pandemic, which is reducing the income of the world’s poorest by $ 500 million a day.
  • India, Indonesia, Pakistan and the Philippines, are considered to be particularly vulnerable to the pandemic’s economic shockwaves.
  • Researchers are calling for urgent global leadership to address the crisis. But hopes are low after the Group of Seven meeting of world leaders, which was due to take place on June 10-12 at Camp David, was postponed.

Indian-origin doctor in US performs lung transplant for COVID-19 survivor

Date: 13 June 2020 Tags: Miscellaneous
  • Surgeons led by an Indian-origin doctor Ankit Bharat have given a new set of lungs to a young woman with severe lung damage from the coronavirus, believed to be the first of its kind in the US since the pandemic began.
  • The disease caused by the new coronavirus most commonly attacks the respiratory system but also can inflict damage on kidneys, hearts, blood vessels and the neurological system.
  • Surgeons in Austria on May 26 performed the world's first known lung transplant to save the life of a COVID-19 survivor, a 45-year-old woman stricken with a severe form of the disease.

NIRF rankings

Date: 13 June 2020 Tags: Reports & Indices
  • The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)-Madras is still the country’s best in the field of higher education, according to the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF).
  • The Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru, stands at the second place, followed by IIT-Delhi.
  • Under the universities category, the IISc topped the list, followed by Jawaharlal Nehru University and Banaras Hindu University.
  • The three best engineering institutions are all IITs, with IIT Madras and IIT Delhi followed by IIT Bombay.
  • The Indian Institutes of Management, at Ahmedabad, Bengaluru and Kolkata, took the top positions in the management category.
  • National Law School of India University is the country's best institution for studying law, while IIT Khargpur is the best place to study architecture.
  • Miranda House snagged the first rank, followed by Lady Shri Ram College for Women and Hindu College in the best colleges category.