Organic molecules called thiophenes were also recently discovered on Mars, and scientists think their presence would be consistent with the presence of early life on Mars.
Thiophenes are found on Earth in coal, crude oil and oddly enough, in white truffles. Thiophene molecules have four carbon atoms and a sulfur atom arranged in a ring, and both carbon and sulfur, are bio-essential elements.
Meteor impacts provide one possible abiotic explanation. Thiophenes can also be created through thermochemical sulfate reduction, a process that involves a set of compounds being heated to 248 degrees Fahrenheit (120 degrees Celsius) or more.
India was accepted as an observer in the Indian Ocean Commision, getting a seat at the table of the organization that handles maritime governance in the western Indian Ocean.
India’s entry is a consequence of its deepening strategic partnership with France as well as its expanding ties with the Vanilla Islands.
The Commission has four observers, China, EU, Malta and International Organisation of La Francophonie (OIF). The Indian Ocean Commission consists of Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Réunion (French overseas territory) and Seychelles.