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News in Short

News in Short - 08-November-2020

IMD to issue Malaria outbreak prediction

Date: 08 November 2020 Tags: Miscellaneous
  • The India Meteorological Department (IMD) will start issuing forecast for malaria outbreaks from next monsoon.
  • The same technique can be applied to other monsoon-related diseases such as dengue and cholera. The IMD will make the malaria forecast service operational by the next monsoon.
  • Malaria is rampant in parts of Africa and sub-tropical countries. According to the World Malaria Report 2019, 19 countries in sub-Saharan Africa and India carried almost 85 percent of the global malaria burden.
  • Indian states include Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and some north-eastern states like Tripura, Meghalaya, and Mizoram.

Yakshagana artist Vasudeva Samaga passes away

Date: 08 November 2020 Tags: Miscellaneous
  • Senior Yakshagana artiste M. R. Vasudeva Samaga passed away near Udupi on November 7. He was 72.
  • An accomplished artiste, Vasudeva Samaga was well-versed both in Badagu Thittu and Tenku Thittu schools of Yakshagana.
  • As a professional artiste, he had toured in a number of Yakshagana ‘melas’ (touring troupes), including the more than a century old Dharmasthala Yakshagana mela.
  • He had formed his own talamaddale troupe called ‘samyamam’. Vasudeva Samaga used to perform many ‘stree veshas’ (women roles) that required additional skills to perform.

Python beats Java to become second most popular programming language

Date: 08 November 2020 Tags: IT, Mobile & Computers
  • For the first time in two decades, Python beat Java to become the second-most popular programming language this month, according to the TIOBE Programming Community Index.
  • C language retains pole position. C++ and C# continue to rank fourth and fifth in the index.
  • The index ratings are based on the number of skilled engineers worldwide, courses, and third-party vendors. Ratings are calculated using popular search engines including Google, Bing, Yahoo!, Baidu, Wikipedia, and Amazon.
  • Python's recent surge in popularity can be attributed to rise in data mining, artificial intelligence (AI), and numerical computing.
  • Programming skills are required everywhere, and Python is the go-to option for non-software engineers these days, since it is easy to learn with fast edit cycles and smooth deployment.

Indian fossils provide new hypothesis for evolution of hoofed animals

Date: 08 November 2020 Tags: Miscellaneous
  • New researchin Paleontology describes a fossil family that illuminates the origin of perissodactyls - the group of mammals that includes horses, rhinos, and tapirs.
  • It provides insights on the controversial question of where these hoofed animals evolved, concluding that they arose in or near present day India.
  • Among the findings includes a sheep-sized animal with moderate running ability and features that were intermediate between specialized perissodactyls and their more generalized mammal forerunners.
  • Comparing its bones with many other living and extinct mammals, revealed that Cambaytherium represents an evolutionary stage more primitive than any known perissodactyl, supporting origin for the group in or near India.

Haryana passes bill to reserve 75% jobs in private sector for locals

Date: 08 November 2020 Tags: Bills & Laws
  • The Haryana assembly passed a bill providing for 75% reservation of factory and other blue-collar jobs for local candidates.
  • The Haryana State Employment of Local Candidates Bill 2020 is applicable only to new private-sector job openings and, hence, won’t affect outsiders already employed in factories and other industrial units in the state.
  • Privately managed companies, societies, trusts, limited-liability partnership firms, and jointly ventures based within the state and employing 10 or more people can hire only up to 10% of the approved local quota from one district.
  • Employers may claim exemption whenever an adequate number of local candidates with the desired skills, qualifications or proficiency are not available.