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News in Short

News in Short - 07-September-2020

Ocean carbon uptake underestimated

Date: 07 September 2020 Tags: Climate Change
  • Previous estimates of the movement of carbon (known as "flux") between the atmosphere and oceans have not accounted for temperature differences at the water's surface and a few metres below.
  • The new study, led by the University of Exeter, includes and finds significantly higher net flux of carbon into the oceans.
  • It calculates CO2 fluxes from 1992 to 2018, finding up to twice as much net flux in certain times and locations, compared to uncorrected models.

Defence minister Rajnath Singh to meet Iranian defence minister

Date: 07 September 2020 Tags: Miscellaneous
  • Defence minister Rajnath Singh reached Iran to discuss bilateral ties between the two countries after concluding his three-day Russia.
  • The defence minister’s visit to Tehran comes a day after he expressed concern over the situation in the Persian Gulf and called upon countries in the region to resolve differences through dialogue based on mutual respect and sovereignty.
  • Iran has threatened to disrupt oil shipments through the Strait of Hormuz if the United States tries to strangle its economy.

Kerala seer Kesavanada Bharati passes away

Date: 07 September 2020 Tags: Obituaries
  • Kesavananda Bharati, whose legal fight led to the landmark decision outlining the basic rights under the Constitution died at Edaneer Math in Kerala’s Kasargod. He was 79.
  • In 1973, Kesavananda had filed a case challenging the Kerala government's attempts to impose restrictions over the mutt property.
  • In a wafer-thin majority ruling of 7-6, the 13-judge bench pronounced that while Parliament had "wide" powers, it cannot alter the basic structure of the Constitution.

UN chief warns of famine risk in 4 countries

Date: 07 September 2020 Tags: Climate Change
  • UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres warned that there is a risk of famine and widespread food insecurity in four countries affected by conflict, Congo, Yemen, northeast Nigeria and South Sudan and the lives of millions of people are in danger.
  • The UN chief said the four countries rank among the largest food crises in the world, according to the 2020 Global Report on Food Crises and recent food security analyses. But funding to help is very low.
  • Having endured years of armed conflict and related violence, the people of the countries are again facing the specter of heightened food insecurity and potentially famine.

Ease of Doing Business ranking for states

Date: 07 September 2020 Tags: Reports & Indices
  • Andhra Pradesh has topped the ranking of states in the central government’s latest ease of doing business survey for 2019 for the second consecutive year.
  • Several states such as Haryana (16th from 3rd), Karnataka (17th from 8th) and Odisha (29th from 24th) saw their ranks dip significantly as the latest Business Reform Action Plan is based on user feedback, ignoring reform claims by state governments.
  • Ranking of Uttar Pradesh vaulted to second position from 12th in the previous round under the new methodology while Telangana dropped to 3rd in the rankings from second position a year ago.
  • The ranking, which was introduced in 2015 with 285 action points, expanded to 372 measures in 2017-18 spread across 12 areas, including registering property, paying taxes, and labour regulation enablers.