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News in Short

News in Short - 06-September-2020

Indian scientists discover farthest galaxy

Date: 06 September 2020 Tags: Space
  • Indian astronomers have discovered one of the farthest star galaxies in the universe. A team of astronomers from Pune-based Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA), discovered a galaxy called AUDFs01.
  • The first Multi-Wavelength Space Observatory by India, “AstroSat”, found the galaxy, which is located at a distance of 9.3 billion light years from the Earth, by detecting extreme UV light from it.
  • The uniqueness of this feat was the AstroSat/UVIT detector’s background noise was much less than the detector placed on the US-based NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope.

Chandrayan-1 spots rusting on the Moon

Date: 06 September 2020 Tags: Space
  • The Indian Space Research Organisation's (ISRO) maiden mission to the Moon, Chandrayan-1, has revealed that there may be rusting on the Earth's natural satellite.
  • Rusting is something that can only occur if iron interacts with water and oxygen. Scientists suggested Earth's magnetotail has a mediating effect on the hydrogen, which prevents rust from occurring, being delivered by the solar wind on the Moon.
  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)'s researchers believe that the Earth may have had a role to play in this rusting process. The Earth's atmosphere could be protecting the Moon as well.

India- Russia Naval exercise in Bay of Bengal

Date: 06 September 2020 Tags: Miscellaneous
  • The Indian and Russian navies began a two-day mega military exercise in the Bay of Bengal to further consolidate their interoperability in dealing with various security challenges.
  • A wide-range of activities across the spectrum of maritime operations like surface and anti-aircraft drills, firing exercises, helicopter operations, and replenishment at sea will be part of the 11th edition of the biennial exercise Indra Navy.
  • The two countries undertook the exercise at a time when India is engaged in a border row with China in eastern Ladakh.
  • The Indian Navy is represented by guided missile destroyer Ranvijay, indigenous frigate Sahyadri and fleet tanker Shakti, along with their integral helicopters.

Japan adds India and Bangladesh to relocation subsidy

Date: 06 September 2020 Tags: Miscellaneous
  • India and Bangladesh has been selected by Japan for subsidies in order to set up manufacturing facilities of Japanese firms that aims to shift away from China.
  • By expanding the scope of the subsidy programme, Japan aims to reduce its dependence on a particular region and wants to build a system which is able to provide a stable supply of medical materials and electronic components even during emergency situations.
  • Supply chain of Japanese companies heavily relies on China, however, during the COVID-19 pandemic, the supply was cut off.
  • The Japanese government approved 30 manufacturing-related projects, including HOYA’s manufacturing of electronic components project in Vietnam and Laos. It has provided subsidies overall total of 10 billion yen.

Teacher’s Day

Date: 06 September 2020 Tags: Dates & Calendars
  • Since 1962 the day commemorates the birthday of Dr Sarvepalli Radhakhrishnan, a great teacher and a staunch believer of education, known for his contribution towards the education system of India.
  • He was the first vice-president of India and second President. He served as the vice-chancellor of Madras University and BHU Varanasi. He was knighted in 1931.
  • He was awarded Bharat Ratna in 1954. In the same year he received the German “Order pour le Merite for Arts and Science” and in 1961 the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade. In 1963, he also received the Order of Merit and in 1975.