Scientists have reported the first ever case of a medical risk in space, a blood clot formation in the internal jugular vein of an astronaut on-board the International Space Station (ISS).
Ultrasound examinations of the astronauts’ internal jugular veins were performed at scheduled times of the mission.
Results of the ultrasound performed about two months into the mission revealed a suspected obstructive left internal jugular venous thrombosis (blood clot) in one astronaut.
Since the astronaut was in space, he was guided by doctors from earth to diagnose and take medicines to reduce the clot. The treatment was termed successful after diagnosis on earth after his arrival confirmed no clots.
A ‘First attack survey’ done in Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences found that 35% of the 2,200 patients registered with first cardiac event in their lifetime were aged less than 35.
Doctors have attributedthis to stress, loneliness and job losses, weather, vulnerable economy, and sedentary lifestyle apart from ‘screen addiction’ besides addiction to alcohol, narcotics, and smoking.
While chest pain, high blood pressure, diabetes, smoking, obesity, and dyslipidaemia are the conventional risk factors, many youngsters are exhibiting non-conventional risk factors such as pre-diabetes/insulin resistance, low HDL (good cholesterol) with high triglycerides, high lipoprotein, low vitamin ‘D’ levels, abdominal obesity, premature menopause, and fatty liver.