International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has listed Hump-backed Mahseer as Critically Endangered in its Red List of Threatened Species.
Its scientific name is “Tor remadevii”, named after noted ichthyologist K. Remadevi of Zoological Survey of India (ZSI).
It is also called ‘tiger of the water’, and is a giant game fish, most iconic and highly-prized.
The freshwater fish is found in Cauvery river basin including Kerala’s Pambar, Kabini and Bhavani rivers. It can grow up to 1.5m length, 55 kg weight and qualifies as megafauna.
Five other species included in threatened categories are- two wild orchids, Arabian scad (a marine fish) and two wild coffee species found only in few localities in Western Ghats.
IUCN also has updated great hornbill’s (found in India and southeast Asia) status from “Near Threatened” to “Vulnerable” due to high hunting pressure along with habitat loss and deforestation; and wreathed hornbill moved from “Least Concern” category to “Vulnerable”.
Every year 4th April is observed as United Nation’s ‘International Mine Awareness Day’. It is celebrated to raise awareness about landmines and actions needed towards their eradication.
Theme for IMAD 2019 is “United nations promotes ‘SDG –Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) –Safe Ground –Safe Home’”.
On this occasion, UN Mine Action Service (UNMAS) organized a multimedia exhibition at United Nations headquarters in New York to raise awareness about threats caused by mines.
UNMAS is a specialized service located within UN’s Department of Peacekeeping Operations that coordinates and implements activities to limit threat posed by mines, explosive remnants of war and improvised explosive devices (IEDs).
Fitch Ratings, a US based rating agency, retained India's long-term foreign currency Issuer Default Rating (IDR) at lowest investment grade of “BBB-“with a 'stable outlook'.
It forecasted India’s economic growth at rate of 6.8% in financial year 2019-20 and 7.1% in FY 2020-21.
Since 2006, this is continued 13th year that India is ranked “BBB” from Fitch. On August 1, 2006, Fitch had upgraded India’s rating from “BB+” to “BBB”.
Reason for non-upgradation of rating is: Although Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) regulations are eased and red tape reduced but still difficulties in doing business in India lingers, along with lackluster FDI inflows.