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Yojana Magazine - June 2020

Date: 23 June 2020

 

Content

  • Atmanirbhar Bharat through Pictures
  • Industry 4.0
  • Atal Innovation Mission
  • Social Media – The Force Multiplier
  • Digital Platforms – Examples
  • Online Learning in Lockdown
  • Facts for Prelims

Atmanirbhar Bharat

 

Different Industrial Revolutions : A look

  • Industry 4.0 represents the fourth revolution that has occurred in manufacturing.
  • It is signaling a change in the traditional manufacturing landscape.
  • It encompasses three technological trends driving this transformation:
  1. Connectivity
  2. Intelligence
  3. Flexible automation
  • Different Technologies helping the Pace of Industry 4.0
  1. The Internet of Things (IoT)
  2. Smart Manufacturing, Smart Factories
  3. Big Data
  4. The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT)
  5. Cloud Computing
  6. Cyber-physical Systems (CPS)
  7. Additive Manufacturing
  8. AI & Blockchain
  • Why Industry 4.0 is inevitable ?
  1. Radical Pace of Innovation
  2. Emerging Digital Business Models
  • How Industry 4.0 is already impacting a lot..!!
  1. Near real time communication
  2. Disruptive Change in the processes due to connectivity
  3. Cost effective decentralized decision making
  4. Evolution of Smart Factory
  5. Creation and Sharing of Vast amount of data
  6. Highly impactful during the Covid- 19 Lockdown

 

  • The power of Innovation and Social Entrepreneurship is such that, it has proved many doomsday theories wrong.
  • Who is a Social Entrepreneur?
  1. Social entrepreneurs are focused on the delivery of public goods using business approaches.
  2. They combine their driving passion for improvement with the practical, innovative and opportunistic traits of the entrepreneur.
  • Atal Innovation Mission(AIM) of GoI is aimed to promote a culture of innovation and Social entrepreneurship in the country.
  • Since beginning of AIM what has been done?
  1. Atal Tinkering Labs
  2. Atal Incubation Centres
  3. Atal New India Challenges
  4. Mentor India Campaign
  5. ARISE (Applied Research and Innovation for Small Enterprises)
  6. Atal Community Innovation Centre
  • It can be said that ‘Innovation is for India, what quality was for Japan; a transforming agent’.
  • The momentum of AIM should be built to the point so as to make India the “Innovation Capital of the world”.

 

  • Beauty of Social Media
  1. Universality and pervasiveness
  2. Simplified user experience
  3. Not limited by distances and boundaries
  • “The virtual world is all encompassing and hence the entire world has become a global village.”
  • Social media has become a game changer in the way federal, regional, and local government agencies are engaging, interacting, and communicating with citizens.
  • Factors for such development?
  • Inexpensive mobile phones
  • Cheap bandwidth and data-plans
  • Vernacular content have helped in amplifying social media’s reach and impact even in the rural hinterlands of the country beyond the large cities and towns.

Indian Agencies: Using Social Media As a Force Multiplier

1.Crisis / Disaster Management-

Ex- Cyclone Phailin, Hudhud, Amphan

2.Citizen Engagement

3.Citizen Grievances & Support

Ex: CPGRAMS

4.Law & Order

Ex: Twitter handles of Police

5.Hiring & Recruitment

Ex: Linkedin

6.Foreign Relations

EX: Modi using Twitter etc to connect/Congratulate other leaders

7.Live Traffic Updates

8.Government Procurement

9.Crowdsourcing Ideas & Innovation

Ex:  “Logo Design Competition” for an upcoming government Heritage complex.

10.Citizen Service-Delivery

Ex:UMANG

  • Various Digital Platforms Which Were Helpful during Covid-19 Pandemic

1.Aarogya Setu App

  1. The App enables people to assess themselves the risk for their catching the coronavirus infection.
  2. It calculates this based on people’s interaction with others, using cutting-edge bluetooth technology, algorithms and artificial intelligence.

2.Chatbot

  1. GoI has launched a WhatsApp chatbot so that the citizens can get instant and authentic answers to all of their queries related to the Coronavirus pandemic.
  2. Various Digital Platforms Which Were Helpful during Covid-19 Pandemic

3.Corona Kavach

  1. It is a COVID-19 tracker application, created by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
  2. This application provides users with real-time location of infected users who have activated the ‘Kavach’ feature.

4.COVID-19 Feedback

  • It has been developed by the centre to get direct feedback from people who have undergone coronavirus treatment in the country.
  • Various Digital Platforms Which Were Helpful during Covid-19 Pandemic

5.SAMPRAC

  • DRDO has developed an app called ‘SAMPRAC’ to enable tracking people under quarantine.The system enables geofencing, AI-based automated face recognition.
  • It has the capability to display the information to the state officials on a map which can be colour-coded to depict hotspots and containment zones.

6.Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT)

  1. Launched to transfer the benefits and subsidies of various social welfare schemes.
  2. Ex: PM Garib Kalyan Yojana
  • Various Digital Platforms Which Were Helpful during Covid-19 Pandemic

7.SAHYOG

  1. The Survey of India has developed an e-platform that collects geotagged information on the nation’s critical infrastructure.
  2. It works as a key tool in helping community workers carry out the government’s objectives of door-to-door surveys, contact tracing, deliveries of essentials items and to create focused public awareness campaigns.
  3. It improves government’s response time, strengthens the public health delivery system and subsequently provides the necessary geospatial information

Some Other Apps which played an important role during COVID-19

  1. BHIM(Bharat Interface developed for Money) App & RuPay
  2. GeM (Government e-Marketplace)
  3. UMANG App (Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance)
  4. SWAYAM

  • Due to COVID-19, millions of students have been driven out of university campuses and the faculty is confined to their homes.
  • This has forced the teaching community to look for alternatives to maintain the continuity
  • Online platforms provide such an alternative..!!
  • Is online education Equitable?
  1. As per reports, India is the second-largest internet user in the world. However, as per the report of TRAI, only 34 per cent of the total population had access to the Internet in 2017.
  2. The figure carries a vast gender disparity, where the ratio of male and female users is approx. 70 per cent and 30 per cent respectively.
  3. Rural India accounts for just 25.3 per cent internet density compared to the 34 per cent of the urban population having around 98 per cent internet connectivity.

So what is the solution or Alternative?

  • Best Solution – Remove Digital Divide..!!
  • Alternative – Instead of Online education go for (Open Education..!!) Education via Television
  1. The 2012 OER Paris Declaration provided the broader guidelines on how to make best use of Open educational resources and suggested to use satellite education.
  2. Replace books with e-content & e-books.

History of Satellite Education in India

 

A Silver Lining:

  • The challenges of the lockdown may become a blessing in disguise in accessing the potential and the capabilities of our institutions in responding to the future necessity of online learning.

Facts from Yojana July

  • Defence Institute for High Altitude Research (DIHAR) in Ladakh.
  • DIHAR Under DRDO is working on cold arid agro-animal technologies. The laboratory is screening and identifying the medicinal and aromatic plants to exploit them for use for defence purposes and also on greenhouse technologies for high altitude and cold desert areas.

Facts from Yojana July

  • DRDO has developed an automated contactless UVC sanitisation cabinet,called Defence Research Ultraviolet Sanitiser (DRUVS).
  • It has been designed to sanitise mobile phones, tablets, laptops, currency notes, cheque leafs, challans, passbooks, paper, envelopes, etc.

 

Facts from Yojana July

The GOAL (Going Online As Leaders) programme

  1. The Ministry of Tribal Affairs(MoTA) has launched GOAL in partnership with Facebook.
  2. The programme will provide mentorship to tribal youths through digital mode.
  3. It intends to up skill and empower 5,000 tribal youths on digital platforms and tools to learn new ways of doing business.
  4. The program will focus on three core areas–
  • Digital Literacy
  • Life Skills
  • Leadership & Entrepreneurship

 

Facts from Yojana July

  • Swasth Vayu
  1. A Non-Invasive BiPAP Ventilator,has been developed by CSIR-National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL) Bangalore.
  2. It is simple to use without any specialised nursing, cost effective, compact and configured with majority of indigenous components.
  3. Non-invasive Ventilator with externally connected Oxygen concentrator will be ideal to treat moderate or mid-stage severe COVID-19.