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Yojana Magazine Analysis -

Date: 15 February 2019

POWER

• Electrification

• Renewable Energy

• Energy Efficiency

15TH AUG 2015

• Target: 18500 un-electrified villages would be electrified within the next 1000 days

• Achieved: 18452 villages electrified!!!

DDU GRAM JYOTI YOJANA

Components:

– To provide electrification to all villages

– Separation of agriculture and non-agriculture feeders

– Improve T&D network to improve quality/reliability

– Metering to reduce the losses

How is it better than previous scheme?

 – Off-grid solutions like solar for remote villages

– Min of Power to use innovative financing models like bonds

 – Flexibility to states for execution of works

– Milestone based monitoring

Progress: all villages have been electrified (28th Apr 2018)

PM SAHAJ BIJLI HAR GHAR YOJANA

• Village is electrified if:

– 10% of the households have power connections

– If electricity is provided in public places like schools, panchayats, health centres and community centres

• For electrification of all households, a new scheme called PM Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana (SAUBHAGYA) (Sep 2017)

 – Even though 100% electrification of villages has been achieved, government data shows that, there are still 31 million households without electricity

 – More than 25 million households have been electrified.

INTEGRATED POWER DEVELOPMENT SCHEME

Aim: To strengthen urban power infra

Focus areas:

– Strengthening of sub-transmission and distribution network

– Metering of distribution transformers /feeders / consumers

– IT enablement & automation of distribution sector

RENEWABLE ENERGY

SOLAR POWER

• National Solar Mission

• Ultra Mega Solar Power Projects (> 500 MW each)

• Amendments in by-laws & assistance for Roof top solar

• 10% renewable energy mandatory for Smart Cities

• Enhancement in Solar RPO to 8% by Mar 2022 – RE RPO to be 21% by 2022

• Raising capital through Tax free Solar Bonds

• Skill training via Surya Mitra Program

WIND POWER

BIO ENERGY

• Assistance for biomass power projects

– Biomass combustion

 – Biomass gasification

– Bagasse co-generation

• Simultaneous generation of electricity and thermal energy

• Promotion of off-grid biogas power project

• Family-size Biogas plants for rural & semi-urban

OTHER RENEWABLE ENERGY INITIATIVES

• Formation of International Solar Alliance

• 100% FDI for RE generation & distribution                   

• Renewable Generation Obligation for coal TPP

ENERGY EFFICIENCY

WAY FORWARD

• New Tariff Policy is on the cards

– Mandatory to provide reliable and 24x7 power supply for all from 1st Apr 2019, else DISCOM is penalized

• Smart Electricity Meters will replace all electricity meters within 3 years

• National E-mobility program to promote Electric Vehicles (EVs)              

MCQ #1

• Gangajal Project has been launched for which city?

A. Varanasi

B. Haridwar

C. Allahabad

D. Agra

URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE

3-LEVEL STRATEGY OF URBANIZATION

WHAT IS SMART CITY?

• Core principles

– Citizen at the core

– More from Less

– Cooperative & Competitive federalism

– Integration, Innovation & Sustainability

– Technology is the Means, and Not the Goal

– Inclusiveness if a Guiding Philosophy

WHAT IS SMART CITY?

STRATEGY

TECHNOLOGY AS KEY DRIVER

• Every Smart City will have Smart City Centre

– Also called as Integrated Command & Control Centre

– Provides centralized monitoring and decision making

• Examples:

– Pune has installed flood sensors which feed data into Smart City Centre and enable warning and timely response

– In Vishakhapatnam, CCTV and GPS enabled buses are being tracked online through the Smart City Centre

IMPROVING QUALITY OF LIFE & ECONOMY

INNOVATION AS KEY DRIVER

• Mission will work to create an innovation ecosystem through

– Smart Cities Promoting Innovation Research and Incubation in Technology (SPIRIT)

• It is in collaboration with Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) and Start-up India Program.

IMPACT ON SUSTAINABILITY

• At least 10% of Smart City’s energy requirement to come from Solar Energy

• Diu has become the first city to completely switch to solar power during the day time

• Cities have taken initiatives such as:

– Smart Metering

– Promotion of Green Buildings

 – Green Transport options

KEY ENABLERS – SMART GOVERNANCE & URBAN FINANCE

• Smart Governance

 – ICT based technologies and digitalization to make governance citizen friendly, cost effective & transparent

– Data driven governance through Data Smart Cities for e.g. Pune & Surat have started publishing data sets through City Data Portls

 – Forming e-groups to obtain citizen feedback

– Online monitoring of programs and activities

– Till now 13 cities have Smart City Centres

• Urban Finance

– Started Credit rating of cities (till now, 465 cities)

– Issuance of Municipal Bonds (Pune, Indore, Bhopal, Amravati, Vizag, etc.)

 – Promoting PPP mode for various projects

KEY ENABLERS – CAPACITY BUILDING

• Cities Investment to Innovate, Integrate & Sustain (CITIIS) Challenge in collaboration with French Development Bank to provide investment to select cities

• India Smart Cities Fellowship & Internship Program to engage youth and promote knowledge management

• SmartNet to create a resources-rich ecosystem of learning, sharing and disseminating for city managers and primary stakeholders in the urban transformation of India

KEY ENABLERS – CAPACITY BUILDING

• National Urban Innovation Hub (NUIH) to consolidate existing resources and expand innovation footprint

– National Smart Cities Capacity Building Program to produce empowered functionaries and stronger institutions

– National Urban Innovation Stack as nationally shared digital infrastructure usable by both public and private sector

SMART CITIES MISSION EVOLUTION

SMART CITIES MISSION EVOLUTION

WAY FORWARD

• For the first time city-level SPVs have been created for comprehensive urban development

• Major challenges now is to build urban finance capacities to be leverage grants

• Innovative financing models like municipal bonds, PPP, land value capture finance (VCF) policies are required

• Smart Cities are the sites where the urban renaissance of India will be collectively envisioned and executed

MCQ #2

• Which of the following is/are tool for land value capture finance?

A. Betterment Levy

B. Land Value Tax

C. Vacant Land Tax

D. All of the above

WATERWAYS

BENEFITS OF INLAND WATER TRANSPORT

MONETIZATION OF BENEFITS

MAJOR INITIATIVES

• National Waterways Act 2016 – 106 new NWs (+5 old)

• Jal Marg Vikas Project (JMVP) – NW 1 (Mar 2014)

• Launch of state-of-art Vessel Design (Aug 2018)

• IWT for Social congregations

• Promoting River Tourism

• Other NWs

JAL MARG VIKAS PROJECT

JAL MARG VIKAS PROJECT

• Financial & technical support of World Bank

• Development of fairway with 3 meters depth b/w Varanasi and Haldia (Phase-I) (1380 km)

– Construction of multimodal terminal at Varanasi

– Construction of multimodal terminal at Sahibganj

– Construction of new navigation lock at Farakka

JAL MARG VIKAS PROJECT

• NW-1, along with the proposed Eastern DFC and (old) NH2 constitute Eastern Transport Corridor of India connecting NCR with eastern and NE states

– Eastern DFC will run between Ludhiana and Dankuni

 – Old NH2 is from Delhi to Dankuni (now known as NH 19)

• On Oct 1, 2018 completing a month long voyage from Bihar to Assam through waterways, more than 1000 tonnes of fly ash reached Pandu port near Guwahati

– This was an integrated movement through 3 waterways – NW 1, Indo-Bangladesh Protocol Route and NW 2 (B’putra)

IWT FOR SOCIAL CONGREGATIONS

• For Kumbh Mela, IWAI has setup:

– 4 floating terminals one each at Kila Ghat, Saraswati Ghat, Naini Bridge and Sujawan Ghat

– 2 vessels – CL Kasturba and SL Kamla will be deployed for pilgrim movement

• In the past, IWAI has provided similar facilities at:

– Ganga Sagar Mela in WB

– Prakash Parv at Patna

PROMOTING RIVER TOURISM

• Conde Nast Traveller listed Ganga cruise as one of the six river cruises to take in 2017

– It placed the luxury cruise vessel Ganges Voyager II which sails on Ganga from Kolkata to Varanasi in the league of cruises on Mekong and Yangtze in China, Amazon in S America, Volga in Russia, etc.

OTHER NWS – NW 2

OTHER NWS

MCQ #3

• RURBAN Mission envisages cluster based development of Indian villages. The Mission is named after which personality?

A. APJ Abdul Kalam

B. Deen Dayal Upadhyay

C. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee

D. Pradhan Mantri

AVIATION

UDAN = UDE DESH KA AAM NAGRIK

• Aim: boost regional connectivity via unused airports

• Provisions:

– Financial stimulus + VGF to selected airlines to operate in tier-2/3

 – Demand driven scheme as airlines selected via competitive bidding

– Subsidy for 50% of the seats on UDAN routes (min 9, max 40 seats)

– Fares capped at 2500 per seat per hour or ~500 km – Exclusive route monopoly for 3 years

 – Other concessions (cheaper fuel, no airport charges)

• VGF is funded by levy on departures in Metro cities

• Result: UDAN has added 34 airports

WIN-WIN FOR ALL

SUCCESSES

• Shimla airport doing good

• Nanded in Maharashtra

• Vidyanagar in Karnataka

• Jharsuguda in Odisha

• Pakyong in Sikkim

• Jagdalpur in Chhattisgarh

CHALLENGES

• Not all underserved and un-served airports have been revived

• Not all routes for which airlines had placed bids have been started

• Some airlines have little experience and are short on funding

• Even the quality of service under UDAN is not quite upto the mark

• Licensing of airports is a tedious process

MCQ #4

• Shahpur Kandi Dam Project is located on which river?

A. Ravi

B. Beas

C. Sutlej

D. None of the above

ROAD INFRA

• 1998: National Highways Development Programme

– Golden Quadrilateral

– N-S & E-W Corridors

• Oct 2017: Bharatmala Pariyojana (2017-2022)

– Govt. approved Phase I covering 24800 km

BHARATMALA PARIYOJANA

BENEFITS

• Improve efficiency of freight & passenger traffic

• Will cater to 80% of inter-district freight movement

• Will connect 550 districts accounting for 90% of GDP

• Improve avg. speeds of vehicles by 20-25%

• Reduction of 5-6% in overall supply chain costs

• Generate jobs

MCQ #5

• Which of the following is / are proposed as riverinterlinking projects in India?

A. Ken-Betwa

B. Damanganga-Pinjal

C. Par Tapi-Narmada

D. All of the above

RAILWAYS

MAJOR ACHIEVEMENTS

• Connecting North East India

• Capacity Augmentation

• Speeding up Electrification

• Ensuring Safety

• Offering Better Services

CONNECTING NE INDIA

• Places connected:

– Mendipathar in Meghalaya

– Agartala in Tripura

– Jiribam in Manipur

– Bhairabi in Mizoram

 – Lumding-Silchar

– Bogibeel in Arunachal

CAPACITY AUGMENTATION VIA DFCS

SPEEDING UP ELECTRIFICATION

• To reduce dependence on imported diesel fuel and reduce GHG emissions

• Current status: 2/3 rd of freight + half of passenger traffic moves on electric traction

ENSURING SAFETY

• Rashtriya Rail Sanrakhsa Kosh to fund:

– Elimination of unmanned level crossings on all busy routes

– Shift to production of safer LHB coaches

– Track renewal

– Modernizing signaling system

OFFERING BETTER SERVICES

• Putting GPS on every train

• Making 6000 railway stations Wi-Fi enabled

• Makeover of stations like escalators, lifts, art, etc.

• Work started on Mumbai–Ahmedabad Bullet train

MCQ #6

• National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY) is an initiative of which Ministry?

 A. Ministry of Tourism

B. Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs

C. Ministry of Culture

D. None of the above

HOUSING

IMPORTANCE OF PMAY

• Today, there is a shortage of more than 4 Cr houses in rural areas, of which more than 90% households are BPL

– SECC 2011 => of 24.39 crore households, 17.91 crore live in villages.

• Of these, 10.69 crore households are considered as deprived.

• Between now and 2030, India will have to build a new Chicago every year if it wants to meet the urban demand

• SDG 11: make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

COMPONENTS OF PMAY

• Launched in 2015, it has two components:

– PMAY-Grameen under MoRD

• Target: pucca house (~3 Cr) with amenities by 2022

– PMAY-Urban under MoHUA

• Target: create 2 Cr affordable houses by 2022

PMAY-GRAMEEN

• Aim: pucca house, with basic amenities, to all houseless households and those households living in kutcha house, by 2022

• Beneficiaries: as per SECC 2011 verified by Gram Sabha

• Minimum size = 25 sq.mt. (earlier 20 sq.mt.)

• Unit assistance =

– 1.2 L in plains (earlier 70k)

– 1.3 L in hilly, difficult and IAP districts (earlier 75k)

• Beneficiary entitled to 90/95 person days of unskilled labor from NREGA

• Convergence with other programs for toilet, water, electricity, LPG, etc.

• Monitoring through e-governance model – AwaasSoft and AwaasApp

PMAY-URBAN

• Aim: Housing for EWS & LIG by 2022

– EWS = annual income < 3 Lakh

– LIG = annual income b/w 3 to 6 Lakh

• Eligibility: family should not own a pucca house

• Components:

1. In-situ slum redevelopment (1 L / house)

2. *Affordable housing in partnership with pvt. sector (1.5 L / house)

3. Credit linked subsidy scheme (for EWS, LIG & MIG)

4. Beneficiary-led construction/enhancement (1.5 L per family)

• Convergence with other schemes is envisaged

• Progress: 1.48 Crore houses built

OTHER DEVELOPMENTS

• Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act 2016

• Infrastructure Status to Affordable Housing

• Incentivizing private developers for low cost housing

• National Housing Bank to refinance 20k Cr loans

• Emergence of Affordable Housing Finance Companies

MCQ #7

• India’s longest road tunnel, Chenani-Nashri Tunnel is located in which state?

A. Himachal Pradesh

B. Arunachal Pradesh

C. Jammu & Kashmir

D. Assam

HEALTH

MAJOR INITIATIVES

1. PM Swasthya Suraksha Yojana

2. Ayushman Bharat-PM Jan Arogya Yojana

3. Kayakalp

4. Mission Indradhanush

5. Affordable Medicines and Reasonable Implants for Treatment (AMRIT) Pharmacies

1. PM SWASTHYA SURAKSHA YOJANA

• Components:

– Setting up of AIIMS like institutions

• Patna, Raipur, Bhopal, Bhubaneshwar, Jodhpur, Rishikesh

 – Up-gradation of Government medical college Institutions

2. PM JAN AROGYA YOJANA

• 5 L insurance cover per family per year for secondary/tertiary care;

• States to pay 40% cost;

• Implementation through State/District Health Agency

• 1. 5 Lakh Health & Wellness Centres to provide primary care

• At least 1 Medical College for every 3 Parliamentary Constituencies

• At least 1 Government Medical College in each State of the country

• Subsumes: RSBY + Senior Citizen Health Insurance Scheme (SCHIS)

3. KAYAKALP

• Launched in 2015 to complement the efforts of SBM.

• Aim: To promote cleanliness, hygiene and infection control practices in public health facilities

• How?

– By incentivizing and recognizing such facilities that show exemplary performance in adhering to standard protocols

– By inculcating a culture of ongoing assessment and peer review of performance

6 THEMES OF KAYAKALP

HOW ARE AWARDS GIVEN?

• After health facilities undertake their own assessment, they work on improvements.

• Subsequently, those showing improvements go through peer assessment followed by external assessment to validate the Kayakalp score. • Winner facility receives a cash prize with a citation. Certificate and cash prize are given to all facilities scoring more than 70%.

MCQ #8

• With reference to National Youth Parliament Festival, which of the following statements is/are correct?

A. It is an initiative of Min of Youth Affairs & Sports.

B. It aims to organize Youth Parliaments in all districts.

C. Be the Voice of New India’ is the theme for 2019.

D. All of the above

SPORTS

• 2018: National Sports University in Manipur

– School of Sports Science & Medicine

– School of Sports Management & Technology

– School of Sports Education

– School of Interdisciplinary Studies

SANITATION

MCQ #9

• ANDA approval pertains to which sector?

A. Medicine

B. Defence

C. Sports

D. None of the Above