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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 09 September 2021

Right to sit | Pioneer

  • A standing salesperson appear “respectable” and create a “good” impression
  • Tamil Nadu Shops and Establishments Act, 1947
  • Mandatory seating facilities for salespersons
  • The Bill does not have a punishment clause for the shop owners who violate the rule.
  • Work ethics
  • Most of them develop arthritis, knee problems, varicose veins, water retention in the lower limbs and blood pressure over the years.
  • Most shops do not have toilet facilities
  • Workers must be handled with dignity
  • Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations, 1992

Labour Force Survey data | Ind Exp

  • The Periodic Labour Force Survey (2019-20) points towards the steady build up of distress in the labour market in India.
  • July 2019 to June 2020 period
  • Increase in the labour force participation in agriculture
  • Agriculture - “employer of last resort”
  • The movement of labour out of agriculture, which had gathered pace post 2004-05, seems to have been stymied by the economic slowdown.
  • In the months thereafter, as Covid infections ebbed and flowed, and as restrictions on economic activities have been tightened and loosened in response, the employment situation changed accordingly.
  • What these numbers also reflect is the failure of the economy in not being able to create enough non-agricultural jobs (even in pre-Covid times) to absorb both those shifting out of agriculture, and the millions entering the labour force each year.

The lag between jabs | TH

  • Kerala High Court’s intervention - time lag between the two doses of Covishield
  • It has asked the Government to allow the scheduling of the second dose four weeks after the first for those who want it.
  • Pointing out the relaxation from the minimum 12-week rule for some categories among those travelling abroad, the petitioners wanted the same relaxation for employees availing of paid vaccination.
  • The Union government argued that the relaxation was to meet unavoidable contingencies, and an earlier second dose could not be claimed as a matter of right.
  • It is fairly obvious that a delayed second dose enables reaching more people for their first dose.

Green hydrogen, a new ally for a zero carbon future | TH

  • Fossil fuels - 830 million tons per annum of carbon dioxide
  • The forthcoming 26th UN Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26) in Glasgow from November 1-12, 2021 is to re-examine the coordinated action plans to mitigate greenhouse gases and climate adaptation measures.
  • ‘Green hydrogen’ as a driving source to power our industries and light our homes with the ‘zero emission’ of carbon dioxide.
  • Hydrogen is the most abundant element on the planet, but rarely in its pure form which is how we need it.
  • It has an energy density almost three times that of diesel.
  • This phenomenon makes it a rich source of energy, but the challenge is to compress or liquify the LH2 (liquid hydrogen); it needs to be kept at a stable minus 253° C (far below the temperature of minus 163° C at which Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) is stored; entailing its ‘prior to use exorbitant cost’.
  • ‘Green hydrogen’, the emerging novel concept, is a zero-carbon fuel made by electrolysis using renewable power from wind and solar to split water into hydrogen and oxygen.
  • This ‘Green hydrogen’ can be utilised for the generation of power from natural sources — wind or solar systems — and will be a major step forward in achieving the target of ‘net zero’ emission.
  • Presently, less than 0.1% or say ~75 million tons/year of hydrogen capable of generating ~284GW of power, is produced.
  • The ‘production cost’ of ‘Green hydrogen’ has been considered to be a prime obstacle.
  • According to studies by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IREA), the production cost of this ‘green source of energy’ is expected to be around $1.5 per kilogram (for nations having perpetual sunshine and vast unused land), by the year 2030; by adopting various conservative measures.
  • India is the world’s fourth largest energy consuming country (behind China, the United States and the European Union), according to the IEA’s forecast, and will overtake the European Union to become the world’s third energy consumer by the year 2030.
  • Saudi Arabia is working to establish a mega $5 billion ‘Green hydrogen’ manufacturing unit covering a land-size as large as that of Belgium, in the northern-western part of the country.
  • The Indian Railways have announced the country’s first experiment of a hydrogen-fuel cell technology-based train by retrofitting an existing diesel engine; this will run under Northern Railway on the 89 km stretch between Sonepat and Jind.
  • It is high time to catch up with the rest of the world by going in for clean energy, decarbonising the economy and adopting ‘Green hydrogen’ as an environment-friendly and safe fuel for the next generations.

Beijing’s Great Game | ET

  • The Taliban in Afghanistan has described China as its ‘most important partner’, saying Beijing is ready to invest and rebuild the country.
  • China had a taste of power in Afghanistan in the 7th century.
  • The region came under the Tang dynasty after it conquered the Western Turks in 659 AD and made the Turk shahis of Tokharistan its vassals.
  • China lost control over the region within 100 years.
  • But there is an element of historical continuity, as Xi Jinping has been trying to revive the ‘Silk Road’ under the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).
  • Having sufficient influence over Afghanistan is crucial for BRI, as it links with Pakistan to the east and south, Iran to the west, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan to the north, and Tajikistan and China to the northeast.
  • Connectivity to a vast area of Asia has always been part of Chinese global ambitions.
  • In fact, the Chinese military began construction of a road that would connect its territory to Afghanistan in 2009 — four years before Xi became president — and went on to launch the BRI.
  • This short stretch of road passes through the Taghdumbash Pamir to the Karakoram Highway, which, in turn, connects to Pakistan.
  • This is besides the Wakhjir Pass, located at an altitude of nearly 4,923 m in the Hindu Kush, which has been part of the Silk Route for over a millennium.
  • Chinese scholar Xuanzang supposedly travelled through this pass while returning from India in c. 649 AD.
  • China wants to take economic and political advantage of its short 92-km boundary with Afghanistan, which is at a tripoint with Tajkistan and Pakistan-Occupied Kashmir (POK).
  • Beijing’s goal is to link its investments in Afghanistan to the $60 billion China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), which will serve its military purpose as well as give it a positive image in the Muslim world.
  • China has joined hands with Afghanistan’s two important neighbours, Pakistan and Iran, and also with Qatar and Turkey, which continues to play a crucial role in connecting the Taliban with the world.
  • A serious competition for influencebuilding is expected to emerge among these countries.
  • Pakistan, despite its latest fly-by-night efforts, may find itself in a difficult position to retain influence over the new Taliban government, which expects it to play the role of a messenger for China.

NEWS

  • Cabinet increases MSP for Rabi crops for marketing season 2022-23
  • Govt approves Production Linked Incentive Scheme for Textiles
  • Cabinet approves procurement of 56 transport aircraft for Indian Air Force
  • High-level India-Russia Inter-Governmental Consultation on Afghanistan held in New Delhi
  • Centre decides to allow induction of women into National Defence Academy
  • India administers over 71 crore doses of COVID-19 vaccine so far
  • PM Modi to chair 13th BRICS Summit today - Chinese President Xi Jinping to attend 13th BRICS Summit
  • India is world leader in Energy Transition and intends to continue leading the path: RK Singh
  • Swachh Survekshan Grameen, 2021 to be launched under Swachh Bharat Mission Phase- 2 today
  • Cabinet approves MoU between ICAI and Chamber of Auditors of Azerbaijan
  • Taliban announces caretaker govt in Afghanistan; Mullah Hasan Akhund to be acting PM
  • China says, new interim Taliban govt has put an end to the anarchy in Afghanistan
  • Russian Emergencies Minister dies in accident during Arctic civil defence exercise
  • Bangladesh: Daily COVID death toll lowest in 12 weeks, positivity below 10 percent

Q.) Which country with a large expat population has proposed introducing two new visa categories, one for freelancers and one for entrepreneurs and skilled workers, in an effort to retain foreigners?

  1. Singapore
  2. UAE
  3. Saudi Arabia
  4. Canada

Q.) How many unorganised sector workers got registered for the government’s e-Shram portal?

  1. 19 lakh
  2. 20 lakh
  3. 21 lakh
  4. 24 lakh