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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 08 March 2021
  • The Hague
  • March 8
  • Neera Tanden

Q.) With Chinese Government announcing a hike of 6.8% increase in defence spending, the total defence budget will, for the first time cross _____

  1. $100 billion
  2. $ 200 billion
  3. $ 300 billion
  4. $ 400 billion

Q.) Name the recently tested technology by DRDO, which will allow it to develop long range air-to-air missiles.

  1. Liquid Fuel Ducted Ramjet (LFDR)
  2. Hybrid Fuel Ducted Ramjet (HFDR)
  3. Solid Fuel Ducted Ramjet (SFDR)
  4. Cryogenic Fuel Ducted Ramjet (CFDR)

Q.) Recently, Pope Francis made a historic visit to which nation?

  1. Syria
  2. Iraq
  3. Afghanistan
  4. Yemen

Q.) Name the president of Iraq

  1. Mustafa Al-Kadhimi
  2. Adil Abdul-Mahdi
  3. Fuad Masum
  4. Barham Salih

First woman CJI is need of the hour | FPJ

  • This post could be filled by Justice B V Nagarathna of the Karnataka high court in 2027, if she is promptly elevated.
  • We all know what happened recently, in our Supreme Court
  • Rape is a diabolical act which cannot be settled by marriage.
  • In a separate case, CJI Bobde again asked: “When two persons are living as husband-and-wife, however brutal the husband is, can you call sexual intercourse between them ‘rape’?
  • The Justice J S Verma Committee laid down that the law ought to specify that even a marital relationship could not be a defence against forced sexual intercourse.
  • The CJI’s remarks imply a wife is chattel who must meekly surrender her body to satiate her husband’s lust.
  • There is no doubt that some judges do have a patriarchal mindset
  • Shambhu versus State of Haryana (2013), SC laid down, “rape is not a matter for the parties to compromise and settle”.
  • Unlike the USA, where the senate grills putative Supreme Court judges on video-recorded testimony on everything from their private lives to their stance on issues like abortion and rape, the Supreme Court collegium in India decides in secrecy who will be appointed the future high court and Supreme Court judges.
  • In his eloquent dissenting judgment on the NJAC, Justice Chelameswar flayed the collegium system in vogue for the past 26 years as “absolutely opaque and inaccessible both to public and history, barring occasional leaks. There was absolutely no accountability”.
  • All judges are products of the collegium system, with not much doubt that the government can exert subtle pressure on the CJI to drop an inconvenient name like Gopal Subramaniam from being elevated as a Supreme Court judge as was done in 2014.
  • Only then did Subramaniam write to the then CJI R M Lodha that he had found the then Law Minister had initiated an inquiry against him “with a clear mandate to describe me as unsuitable to be a Supreme Court judge” because he would not toe the government line.

Whose Porn Is It?

  • Even as the streaming industry was grappling with all the dampening implications of the Centre’s new IT rules, a Supreme Court bench has gone further by asking for “screening” of content on OTT platforms.
  • To the court’s complaint that the new rules for intermediaries and digital media “are lacking in teeth”, solicitor general Tushar Mehta granted that “no censorship, and self-regulation seem to be the idea behind the new regulations”.
  • But then, worryingly, he offered that the government could come up with another draft factoring in the court’s suggestions.
  • These platforms take Indian content to over 200 countries, a prodigious market opportunity.
  • Unlike cinema theatres, this consumption is enveloped in privacy.
  • At a time when cultural industries from Korea to the UK are cracking the global game, let’s not shackle our storytellers.
  • The way forward lies in OTT platforms implementing a selfregulation code, which includes global best practices in age-appropriate certification.
  • Meanwhile the apex court that has been the beacon of individual liberties and freedom of expression, must continue to protect them.
  • Give wings to creativity, not manufactured outrage.

Now, an expanded horizon of surveillance

  • This year, the Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C), under the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), launched the Cyber Crime Volunteers Program with the aim to allow citizens to register themselves as “Cyber Crime Volunteers’’ in the role of “Unlawful Content Flaggers”.
  • As per the official website of the National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal (https://bit.ly/2O2yaq6), the programme will help law enforcement agencies in identifying, reporting and in the removal of illegal/unlawful online content.
  • The programme, which will be launched all over the country, is going to have its test run in Jammu and Kashmir and Tripura.
  • This form of surveillance, which enables citizens to “watch over” one another is called lateral surveillance.
  •  Lateral or social or peer-to-peer surveillance differs from typical surveillance.
  • While surveillance of any kind shows an imbalance of power between the person who surveils, and the one under surveillance, lateral surveillance specifically ensures that the imbalance of power no longer exists.
  • Informal watching of communities by their members has been an age-old part of society, and its members view it as a harmless activity.
  • The problem arises when it is organised and state-sponsored.
  • For example, the C-Plan App in Uttar Pradesh launched for keeping a tab on anti-social elements, is designed to receive inputs from certain identified individuals in villages across the State.
  • The scope of lateral surveillance was greatly expanded during the pandemic lockdown, both with and without the introduction of technology.

Tool for exclusion, suspicion

  • If a pattern were to be drawn, one notices that lateral surveillance is used to further emotional objectives such as community building and strengthening relationships with neighbours where emotional and social factors act as a driving force, thus creating a situation where privacy may be undermined for the betterment of the community.
  • However, surveillance technologies not only act as a tool for social control but also as a tool for social exclusion.
  • Lateral surveillance thus makes it easier to discriminate between those who conform to the social norms of the majority.
  • State-sponsored lateral surveillance is harmful as it creates a culture of ‘hate’, ‘fear’ and ‘constant suspicion’ against an ‘enemy’.
  • Despite the potential harm, the government, on February 25, notified the Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules, 2021 (https://bit.ly/3kRdwoC) which intends to expand “due diligence” obligations by intermediaries.
  • This will further create an incentive to take down content and share user data without sufficient due process safeguards, violating the fundamental right to privacy and freedom of expression.

Ideal Indian Woman, Work Outside Home

  • Brave women’s rights activists and giggly teenagers will celebrate March 8 as the International Women’s Day in India.
  • The average woman in the house will find little to celebrate, amidst reports of sexual assault, judges who pontificate on marriage as penance for rape and Covid-induced job losses and paycuts more severe on women than on men.

Women in leadership: Achieving an equal future in a COVID-19 worl

  • Labour force participation rate, the ratio of those of working age, above15 and less than 65, who are either working or searching for work, to the total population has been falling in India for both men and women.
  • India’s female LFPR is the worst in South Asia, even Pakistan and Afghanistan faring better, participation rising in these countries over the years.
  • India’s median age has been falling, and more young people, both men and women, stay on longer in education and training. That is one reason for LFPR to fall.
  • It is also plausible that growing informalization of work makes lots of work invisible to the official eye, particularly in the case of women.
  • That, too, would depress LFPR for women.
  • But there is little doubt that cultural mores are more to blame than any other factor: the woman’s normative place is the home and deviation from that is deemed a sign of either strained economics or a stained character.
  • India shortchanges itself on its vaunted demographic dividend when it keeps half the potential workforce repressed in domesticity.
  • The experience of other countries suggests that the net effect of more women working is to raise the overall level of output and income, benefitting everyone.

Financial News

  • ET INTERVIEW
    • The government is not interested in interfering in the activities of social media platforms but wants to stop their “abuse” and “misuse” through a “soft-touch oversight mechanism,” telecom and information technology minister Ravi Shankar Prasad
    • He said the government doesn’t want to look at content or seek decryption of messages, but only to trace the origin of a message that has caused serious criminal offences.
    • They are welcome to do business in India and earn profits from India, which they are doing with 130-crore plus users.
    • Prasad dismissed fears that the revised intermediary guidelines would provide a backdoor for India to become a surveillance state.
  • India Proposes Limited Scope of WTO Panel on Fisheries
    • India has proposed that the jurisdiction of a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel on fisheries subsidies be limited, a move aimed at preserving the sovereign rights of countries to explore, exploit, conserve and manage the fisheries resources within 200 nautical miles of their sea zones.
    • In the ongoing negotiations to finalise disciplines to eliminate subsidies for illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing, and prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies that contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, India has proposed “standard of review” provisions which limit the scope of dispute settlement panels so that they don’t interfere with the decisions of countries’ fisheries management authorities.
    • The proposal is meant to protect the sovereignty of members in their Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), which is the boundary of the sea zone extending up to 200 nautical miles from the shore.
  • FITNESS, NOT AGE, TO DECIDE SCRAPPING
    • Strict fitness norms – and not age – will decide whether a vehicle should be discarded or not, according to the vehicle scrapping policy announced in the budget this year.
    • The ministry of road transport and highways, which is formulating the scrapping policy, will issue the criteria for vehicle scrapping centres, revised vehicle re-registration and fitness test charges and fitness rules, which will form the eligibility criteria for a vehicle to be scrapped.
    • The government is likely to increase the registration renewal cost for personal vehicles and the fitness certification fee for commercial vehicles to discourage older vehicles from plying on the road.
  • PM Modi urges people to buy medicines from Janaushadhi kendras at affordable price
  • National Committee set up to commemorate 75 years of India’s Independence to hold 1st meeting today
  • Second part of Budget Session of Parliament commences today
  • Top American scientist says, India's vaccine rescued World from deadly corona virus
  • More than two crore COVID19 vaccine doses administered in just 50 days in the country
  • PM Modi to inaugurate ‘Maitri Setu’ between India & Bangladesh tomorrow
  • Prez Kovind calls upon everyone to dedicate occasion of International Women's Day to honour, safety & empowerment of women
  • Doctors should prescribe generic medicines to help poor people: Prakash Javadekar
  • Delhi Medical Association honoured Health Minister Dr Harsh Vardhan for his outstanding service during COVID-19 Pandemic
  • Nepal Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli takes India made vaccine Covishield
  • India, China are each other's friends & partners, should create enabling conditions for settlement of border issue, says Chinese FM Wang Yi
  • Bangladesh to start vaccination of foreign nationals from March 17
  • Bangladesh to confer its highest civilian award ‘Swadhinta Puraskar’ to 9 individuals, 1 organization