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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 08 January 2020

Amidst a tragedy, an opportunity

  • An abundance of natural resources
  • Good weather
  • Its relative geographical isolation from the turbulence of the world.
  • The writer David Horne once described Australia as “the lucky country”

  •  Wildfires burnt 12 million hectares of land
  •  Richard Flanagan: “Australia today is ground zero for the climate catastrophe. ”
  • The debate on global warming, climate change and fossil fuels is going to intensify in the weeks ahead.
  • The campaign against fossil fuels and the export of coal is sure to intensify in the days to come.

  • Both countries must simultaneously strengthen the International Solar Alliance and the search for other alternative green fuels.
  • From water management to trauma research to skills and higher education, from maritime and cybersecurity to counterterrorism, a world of opportunities awaits the two countries if they can work in coordination.
  •  In 1955, Prime Minister Robert Menzies decided that Australia should not take part in the Bandung Afro-Asian conference.
  • Menzies later confessed that Occidentals did not understand India.
  •  India and Australia should bring this chequered past to a closure, and herald a new united front for the Indo-Pacific.
  • PM Scott Morrison will be missed at the Raisina Dialogue.

There is a design flaw with this military post

  • After the United States entered the WW-2, an integrated command became the norm as diverse allies including the Soviet Union had to work in unison.
  • A unified command required a single commander.
  • After the war ended and the world split into 2 ideological blocs.
  • Chief of Defence Staff (CDS)
  • 24-Dec-2019: Press Information Bureau release The Chief of Defence Staff is the head of the Department of Military Affairs.
  • Permanent Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee.
  • Principal Military Adviser to the Raksha Mantri [RM] on all tri-Services matters.
  • The three Chiefs will continue to advise RM on matters exclusively concerning their respective Services.
  •  CDS will not exercise any military command, including over the three Service Chiefs, so as to be able to provide impartial advice to the political leadership.
  • As Secretary of the DMA, there would be an implied subordination of the three service chiefs to the CDS. Encroachment upon the domain of the service chiefs.
  • CDS would outrank the three service chiefs even though theoretically all are 4 star. Moreover the advice of the CDS could override the advice of the respective Service Chiefs on critical tactical and perhaps even strategic issues.
  • The reporting structure of the three services to the Defence Minister would now be through the CDS; if not immediately it would become the norm over time.
  • Even today while in theory the service chiefs report directly to the Defence Minister, in practice all files and decisions are routed through the Defence Secretary.
  • Since the DMA would exercise control over the three services, it virtually makes the CDS the ‘Supreme Commander of the Indian Armed Forces’ .

 The domestic perils of Trump’s adventurism abroad

  • Trump’s decision to assassinate Soleimani
  • Risks that it poses to peace in West Asia and beyond.
  • Mr. Trump has endangered American persons and assets, military and civilian, abroad.
  •  Iranian parliament: designated all U.S. forces involved in the “martyrdom” of Soleimani as “terrorists” . Trump has driven a deeper wedge between political constituents at home.

 1973 War Powers Act

  • The Act requires that the President inform Congress within 48 hours of introducing military forces into armed conflict abroad.
  •  It bars the president from committing armed forces to any foreign action lasting over 60 days without Congressional approval.
  • Protesters numbering from a few hundred to more than a thousand called for an end to the hostility against Iran and Iraq.

The road to radicalisation

  • Whenever there are acts of violence, there is an urgency to label them as acts of terror.
  • The basis for categorisation of violent acts as terrorist acts include the type of weapons used in the killings, the beliefs of the accused, the number of people killed, etc.
  •  Categorising violence is important. But it should be done with diligence.
  • 3 attacks last year: stabbing at London Bridge in the U.K., and the shootings at Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam and Pensacola Naval Air Station in the U.S.
  •  All 3 were quickly characterised by sections of the media and by analysts as ‘lone wolf’ attacks.
  • Usman Khan: A majority of programmes on counter extremism or terrorism aiming at cognitive change concentrate their efforts on a single aspect without taking into account a host of factors.
  • A significant number of attacks have been carried out by second generation or later generations of immigrants. This dilemma of finding the right balance between security and autonomy needs to be delved upon.
  • No society can benefit by oversimplifying the factors that push an individual towards violence.

Retrieving ideas of democracy and nation

  • There were complex questions that had to be explored in the wake of Independence, and particularly following Partition.
  •  One was if India is a nation, what kind of a nation is it?
  •  This debate came to an abrupt end, or merely became the ideological fixtures of political parties, once India embraced constitutional democracy and held periodic elections under universal adult franchise.
  • Interestingly, certain measures that the current government has embraced in the name of constitutional rectitude have reopened new fissures within the Indian body polity.
  •  It has made it imperative that we reopen the relation between the nation and democracy in India afresh even to sustain meaningful versions of constitutional democracy and periodic elections.
  • Amid a setting of bewildering social diversity and inequalities, India stepped into holding periodic elections on the basis of universal adult franchise.
  •  The rise of the ruling party has placed a particular notion of the nation on the political agenda, and it has sought to refract constitutional democracy and elections through it.

 NEWS

  •  4 Nirbhaya case convicts to be hanged on Jan. 22
  •  Govt. invites diplomats to visit Kashmir
  •  invitation has been extended to about 20 Ambassadors and senior diplomats from the European Union, Gulf countries, members of the UN Security Council, UNHRC and others to visit Kashmir
  •  Government projects slower GDP growth
  •  GDP to grow at a slower pace of 5% for the full year 2019-20
  • Charges against student leader, but none held for JNU attacks