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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 06 November 2020

Vienna’s woes

  • Terror attack in Vienna killed 4
  • A 20 year old gunman - opened fire near a synagogue before being shot dead by the police.
  • He had a previous terrorism conviction.
  • In April last year, he was sentenced to 22 months after he tried to travel to Syria to join the Islamic State.
  • He was released in December because of his age.

  • How did a terrorism convict slip off the security radar and launch an attack in the capital city at a time when Europe was on high alert following the terror assaults in France?
  • The larger challenge is how to address the issue of radicalisation among youth and counter attempts to disrupt the social cohesion of the continent.
  • Chancellor Sebastian Kurz - Unity in the fight against terrorism
  • He said the fight is not between Christians and Muslims or Austrians and immigrants, but between “civilisation and barbarity”.
  • Two-front attack on the democratic and secular values Europe stands for — and that is what the terrorists want.
  • Leaders of France, Austria and other terror-hit countries should not allow the jihadists to have their way.
  • They should clamp down on terror networks, isolate and punish the jihadists, counter the ideology of political Islamists and build on the values of pluralism, secularism, democracy and equality, and step up deradicalisation efforts with help from communities.
  • This is a fight they cannot afford to lose.

The crucial expertise of CAPFs

  • Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs)
  • When disaster strikes our country in any manner, be it natural or man-made, the government summons the CAPF
  • Even before the country got to know about the oncoming hydra of COVID-19, the Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) had already set up its 600-bed quarantine centre in Chawla on the outskirts of New Delhi.
  • Director-General of ITBP was given just two days to establish the 600-bed quarantine, and it was ready within the given time.
  • The Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare had roped in specialists from the Safdarjung Hospital to coordinate with ITBP officials.
  • Doctors and paramedical personnel of other CAPFs were also roped in.
  • Another 10,000-bed quarantine centre was established in Chhatarpur in New Delhi by the ITBP, where over 10,000 patients have been treated till now - This is the largest quarantine centre in the world.
  • The expertise acquired by ITBP - came handy for the States and other police forces
  • Though the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) has been actively involved in combating the spread of COVID-19, its services have not been adequately mentioned in the media.
  • Apart from its rendering its services, NDRF is also training the State Disaster Response Forces personnel in all States.
  • Along with its parent body, the National Disaster Management Authority, of which the Prime Minister is the Chairman, the NDRF has trained over 30,000 personnel in disaster management across the country.
  • There is, however, a need to augment the strength of trained personnel.
  • Since NDRF personnel are wholly drawn from the CAPFs, there is a good reserve of trained personnel who go back to their parent force after their stint with this specialised force is over.
  • Such personnel can be deployed at quarantine centres after short-term courses.

The forgotten fact of China-Occupied Kashmir

  • The abrogation of Article 370 and reorganisation of the Indian State of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K)
  • China-Pakistan tandem has emerged to internationalise the issue, including in the UN Security Council.
  • China’s support for Pakistan is motivated by a desire to perpetuate its own territorial grab in the trans-Karakoram Shaksgam Tract of Kashmir.

  • China has the temerity to question the establishment of the Union Territory of Ladakh and to term it a ‘unilateral’ attempt to change “the status quo in the Kashmir region”.
  • The continuing Chinese occupation of Kashmir’s territory does not find adequate mention in the contemporary discourse surrounding this issue.
  • While the British and the Russians were busy creating buffer zones along the frontiers of Xinjiang and Tibet, China was systematically stepping into the void.
  • The British eroded the traditional frontiers of the Maharaja of Kashmir in the region around Shahidullah and also those of his vassal, the Mir of Hunza.
  • After the Mir’s defeat in 1869 at the hands of the joint forces of the Maharaja and the British, the Chinese tried to co-opt him in their scheme while giving him refuge.
  • By 1891, the Chinese had quietly moved south of the Kun Lun range to consolidate their presence at Shahidullah, which earlier marked the furthest outpost of the princely state of J&K.
  • They then moved further south to Suget, and thereafter, showed up at the Karakoram pass.
  • In 1936, the Mir of Hunza was asked by the British to abandon his rights in the Taghdumbash Pamirs as well as in the Raskam valley, but the Shaksgam valley to the south-west of Raskam and the Aghil range remained with the Mir of Hunza.
  • This remained the traditional frontier of British India until independence, inherited by India following J&K’s accession in 1947.
  • Pakistan deliberately chose to downgrade the historical claims of the Mir of Hunza and eventually signed away the Shaksgam valley to China in 1963.
  • The anniversary of the Instrument of Accession, on October 26, is a reminder of China’s illegal territorial occupation.

NEWS

  • Biden edges closer to victory as Trump mounts legal challenges
  • All sectors looking up, says PM
  • Delhi could soon become ‘corona capital’, says HC
  • Capital’s AQI slips to ‘severe’ category
  • China bars travellers from India, U.K.
  • Law on ‘love jihad’ can be challenged, says U.P. Law Commission chairman
  • CBI arrests former Karnataka Minister Vinay Kulkarni
  • Laxity can raise positivity again: Kerala CM
  • India’s election experience is a good sign: CEC
  • Active cases stay below 6 lakh
  • Maharashtra, Kerala, Delhi and West Bengal account for half of these cases
  • Peace comes with ability to deter war, says Rajnath
  • India is a peace-loving country but determined to protect its sovereignty and territorial integrity in the face of “unilateralism and aggression”, no matter what the sacrifice is, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh said on Thursday.
  • India slams Pakistan’s decision on Kartarpur
  • India on Thursday called as “highly condemnable” Pakistan’s decision to transfer the management of the Kartarpur Sahib gurdwara from a Sikh body to a separate trust, saying it runs against the religious sentiments of the Sikh community.
  • Army chief holds discussion in Nepal
  • Shortcomings in U.S. election system: Russia
  • PM Modi, Italian PM to hold Virtual Bilateral Summit today
  • UGC issues guidelines for reopening of Universities & Colleges across country