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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 06 August 2021

Not always fair game | TH

  • Good intentions do not always make for good legislation.
  • The Tamil Nadu government’s effort to protect its youth from the temptations of online gambling by amending a colonial gaming law to ban online rummy and poker, has not survived judicial scrutiny.
  • Its amendment to the Tamil Nadu Gaming Act, 1930, has been struck down by the Madras High Court.
  • HC: found the prohibition unreasonable because it sought to bring even games predominantly of skill under the label of gambling, if there was an element of betting or even prize money or any other stake involved.
  • The State’s intention was acceptable to the extent that it sensed the danger involved in allowing addictive games.
  • The court rightly found that this would actually render illegal even offline games that were played for prize money.
  • It assumes that large sections of society require guidance, lest their ideas of freedom lead them to uncharted zones where lack of restraint and self-control land them in debt and penury.
  • The court, while understanding the law’s intent, has rightly questioned the lack of proportionality in banning something that could have been regulated.
  • It notes that excessive paternalism could descend into authoritarianism and curb an activity individuals are free to indulge in.

US vs China is the new Cold War | IE

  • There is a story that in 1973 Zhou Enlai asked a young American interlocutor, “Do you think China will ever be an aggressive or an expansionist power?”
  • The American, perhaps being polite, since these were the early days of the rapprochement, said “No.”
  • At which point Zhou Enlai is supposed to have shot back, “Don’t count on it. It is possible. But if China were to embark on such a path, you must oppose it. And you must tell the Chinese that Zhou Enlai told you to do so.”
  • The book is based on an extraordinarily deep dive into Chinese documents and sources.
  • It may well turn out to be the one single book that distils both the Chinese approach to the world and the broad contours of Sino-American competition.

  • The Long Road would have been a consequential book in its own right but it acquires added interest since Doshi is now China Director on Biden’s National Security Council.
  • This continuity is derived from a single-minded focus on national rejuvenation that enables China to be at the apex of the global order.
  • Xi Jinping represents not so much a break with the recent history of Chinese policy, but the next logical step in its evolution.
  • On this view, the Cold War, as it were, between China and the US had already begun in 1989.
  • If you don’t integrate China into the world order, it is an indication of hostile intention; if you do integrate China, as the US did in allowing MFN and WTO status, it is a covert strategy to promote liberalisation and regime change.
  • From 1989 to 2008, China’s strategy was to blunt US power, prevent it from inflicting harm on China.
  • It economically engages and participates in international institutions to protect itself. Its choice of weapons, from submarines to missiles, are guided by a consciousness of its need to wage asymmetric war and ensure area denial to the US, and it politically engages the world to soften its image.
  • From 2009, especially with the onset of the global financial crisis, China goes into a building mode. It creates its own international institutions, its military acquires more offensive capabilities, and it asserts itself more politically.
  • It has now entered an expansionist phase, where the objective is to resolve all territorial disputes in its favour, acquire bases around the world, evict the US from Asia, and create the world order in its relatively more illiberal image.
  • The choice of actions in all three spheres, economic, political and military, are guided by this assessment.
  • But just reiterating that China will export authoritarianism while the West will export liberal principles is too easy a narrative.
  • The prospect of a world in which nothing can convince China that the US will not undermine it and little can convince the US that China is not expansionist, is a sobering one.

Pandemic of distrust | TH

  • The COVID-19 crisis in the U.S. was becoming a “pandemic of the unvaccinated
  • Approximately 30% of the adult population has yet to be vaccinated, along with 58% of those in the 12-17 years age group.
  • To date, 348 million doses have been given so far.
  • The firm commitment by the Biden administration to follow the science in the tackling of the pandemic, and quickly secure pledges from vaccine manufacturers — including Pfizer, Moderna and Johnson & Johnson — to supply 700m doses by the end of July 2021, enough to cover 400m people.
  • Using everything from consistent high-level messaging by the President and his team to get vaccinated, to lottery tickets and cash gifts offered by local and State governments to those willing to step and get a shot, the country has powered through to the point where 193 million Americans have received at least one dose, and at least 165 million people have received all the required doses.
  • Regardless of the reasons for resisting, the statistics paint a grim picture, of 95% or higher of COVID-19 hospitalisations and deaths being of unvaccinated people; and of the highest toll affecting States with lower-than-average vaccination rates, including the likes of Florida and Texas.
  • The Biden administration has an unenviable, multi-pronged task at hand. On the one hand, it must continue to put out facts and data as well as advocacy messaging for ever-widening vaccine reach, and this includes working alongside social media platforms to clamp down on rampant misinformation.
  • On the other hand, it needs to avoid succumbing to any and all pressures to relax precautions, for example the disastrous — and now reversed — guidance supplied by the CDC on May 13 to the effect that people need not wear masks if they had been vaccinated.

Uttar Pradesh under Yogi is making waves |

  • India’s largest State Uttar Pradesh and also its most vibrant, politically speaking, has moved in the field of development the fastest.
  • Be it in the layout of highways, appointments to Government services, providing employment to the State’s vast population, increasing investments, law and order, encouragement to tourism and pilgrimage as well as expanding the small and medium enterprises sector, Uttar Pradesh is making waves.
  • If UP leaps in progress, the country races ahead in terms of development.
  • Evidently, for the powers-that-be in India’s  rajdhani, UP was treated as a bank of 84 Lok Sabha seats (80 now) and a sure-shot ticket to parliamentary majority at the Centre, but nothing more.
  • In the ease of doing business, a crucial global benchmark anywhere, UP, which languished at 16th position in the country in 2016, has moved up to the second rank among Indian States.
  • Law and order, the most important prerequisite for any developmental activity to flower, was never a strong suite in Uttar Pradesh before Adityanath took over.
  • Over the past four and a half years, 137 criminals have been liquidated in police action, while close to 3,000 criminals were injured; nearly 37,000 accused have been booked under the Gangster Act and over 500 under the National Security Act.
  • The Yogi administration has also hit criminals hard by targeting their finances; in the Government’s drive against the mafia, their illicit property worth approximately Rs 1,580 crore has either been attached or demolished.
  • UP has received investment proposals worth Rs 66,000 crore from both foreign and local investors.
  • It is also significant that Yogi’s Government is ensuring that the flow of investment is not restricted to the bigger cities, it is being channeled to smaller towns like Etah, Amroha, Mirzapur, and so on.
  • Apart from the fresh proposals for investment, MoUs worth Rs 4.68 lakh crore have been signed at investor summits, of which 371 proposals worth close to Rs 3 lakh crore are already functional, generating employment for up to 5 lakh people.
  • Here, one must mention the work being done by the State Government on the defence industrial manufacturing corridor, which has already drawn in up to 14 MoUs.
  • Adityanath’s transparent policy of wheat and paddy purchase, as also his continuous supervision of purchase centres, has been successful.
  • Take paddy, for instance; the State Government has purchased a record 60 lakh metric tonnes of the crop against a slated target of 55 lakh metric tonnes.
  • Payments made to the State’s farmers have been touching new records as well.

India-Nepal flood management needs course correction | TH

  • Historically, Bihar has been known to be India’s most flood-prone State.
  • Nitish Kumar should be credited for bringing ‘disaster management’ into the popular imagination in Bihar.
  • In his early days as Bihar Chief Minister (2005-2010), he made a few noticeable structural changes, with renewed approaches in infrastructure augmentation for dams and reservoirs, detention basins, embankments and channel improvement.
  • Non-structural measures were also adopted in later years such as floodplain management, flood forecasting and warning, flood insurance and financial compensation.
  • Unfortunately, this chronic issue which is making over five crore people of the north Bihar in India and Tarai in Nepal so vulnerable, does not seem to get the attention it deserves by policymakers on both sides of the border.
  • Flood control in Bihar is just not possible till a dedicated intergovernmental panel is formed through a bilateral mechanism between India and Nepal, that in turn can study, assess and offer solutions to this shared crisis.
  • The Flood Management Improvement Support Centre (FMISC), Department of Water Resources, Government of Bihar estimates that 76% of the population in north Bihar faces the recurring threat of flood devastation.
  • About 68,800 sq. km out of a total geographical area of 94,163 sq. km, or about 73.06% of the land area is flood affected.
  • Originating in Nepal, the high discharge and sediment load in the Kosi, Gandak, Burhi Gandak, Bagmati, Kamla Balan, Mahananda and Adhwara Group wreak havoc in the plains of Nepal’s Tarai and Bihar.
  • The FMISC says: “About 65% of the catchment area of these rivers falls in Nepal/Tibet and only 35% of the catchment area lies in Bihar.
  • A review by Kale (1997) indicated that the plains of North Bihar have recorded the highest number of floods during the last 30-years. In the years 1978, 1987, 1998, 2004 and 2007[,] Bihar witnessed high magnitudes of flood.
  • The total area affected by floods has also increased during these years.
  • [The] Flood of 2004 demonstrates the severity of the flood problem when a vast area of 23490 Sq Km was badly affected by the floods of Bagmati, Kamla & Adhwara groups of rivers causing loss of about 800 human lives, even when Ganga, the master drain was flowing low.”
  • Unlike the indifference shown by Kathmandu on matters of floods and water management in recent years, the history of cooperation between India and Nepal for embankments starting in the 1950s is worth looking at.
  • When work on the Kosi embankments started in January 1955, a group of retired Nepali soldiers came over voluntarily to join hands with Indian volunteers and start the work.
  • Such a progressive government-citizen interface could not sustain itself and water cooperation between the two countries for a common cause waned.
  • Consequently, not much has happened barring the use of water resources for hydroelectric generation.
  • Between the mid-18th and mid-20th centuries, the Kosi is said to have shifted over 100 kilometres westward, resulting in large-scale human displacements. Also, there is a need for greater sensitisation on climatic imbalances and sustainable development.
  • Clearly, course correction is needed to reestablish water cooperation as a common cause and draw inspiration for joint action from the 1950s.
  • As early as in 1937, the transition from the traditional method of flood control to the embankment-based British system was thought out.
  • Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru visited the flood-affected areas in 1953 and announced a visionary Kosi scheme for the safe resettlement of the affected people.
  • In the mainstream political and policy establishments, greater attention needs to be given to this annual calamity and its devastating effects on lives and livelihoods.
  • India and Nepal need to be in dialogue to end the crisis of flooding every year.
  • With a long-term strategy of water management cooperation between India and Nepal, the matter should be looked into.

NEWS

  • India's ace grappler Ravi kumar Dahiya creates history, clinches Silver Medal; Men's Hockey team snatch Bronze medal
  • Both houses of Parliament witness repeated adjournments over Pegasus issue and Farm Bills; adjourned for the day
  • PM Modi interacts with the beneficiaries of Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana in Uttar Pradesh
  • India crosses another milestone in COVID-19 Vaccination Drive, crosses 49 Cr mark; recovery rate stands at 97.37%
  • Bombay HC asks Maha govt to consider issuing vaccination card to allow fully inoculated people to travel in local trains
  • MEA summons Pakistan Charge d’Affairs, launches firm protest over attack on Ganesh temple in Pakistan
  • President, Vice President and PM congratulate Ravi Dahiya for bringing glory to India
  • pecial Envoy of Australian PM meets PM Modi in New Delhi
  • Parliament passes Commission for Air Quality Management in NCR and Adjoining Areas Bill, 2021
  • Thailand bans coral-damaging sunscreens in marine parks
  • Greek firefighters battle to control two major fires raging near Olympia and on island of Evia

Q.) Lashkar Gah is the capital of which province in Afghanistan?

  1. Helmland
  2. Baghlan
  3. Khost
  4. Laghman

Q.) Where is the world’s highest motarable road located?

  1. Umling La in Eastern Ladakh
  2. Dungri La (Mana Pass) in Uttarakhand
  3. Semo La pass in Tibet
  4. Khardung La in Ladakh