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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 05 February 2021

Pious and sanctimonious

  • MEA: “The temptation of sensationalist social media hashtags and comments, especially when resorted to by celebrities and others, is neither accurate nor responsible”
  • MEA advised these celebrities to ascertain facts and properly understand the issues at hand “before rushing to comment on such matters”.
  • Is GoI seeing everything as a conspiracy against itself?
  • Many Indian celebrities, professed their desire to keep the country together and voiced their disapproval of ‘propaganda’.
  • Some issues that have a bearing on human rights, survival of democracy and international relations do tend to invite comment

Military modernisation | Tribune

  • India has been maintaining a high level of military preparedness
  • State-of-the-art weaponry in fortifying the country’s borders
  • 4% hike in in the overall defence budget for 2021-22
  • Capital outlay for military modernisation: Rs 22,000 crore (nearly 19%)

  • In next 7-8 years, GoI is going to spend $130 billion (more than Rs 9 lakh crore) on defence modernisation
  • We are among the world’s biggest arms importers
  • ‘Make in India’ initiative

  • Rs 48,000-crore deal to procure 83 Tejas light combat aircraft from state-run aerospace major Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd
  • For large-scale indigenisation,
    • Overhaul and reorientation of the defence PSUs
    • Active involvement of the private sector
    • Technocrats
    • Top institutes of science and technology
  • An unbudgeted amount of Rs 20,776 crore was spent to buy military hardware amid the border standoff with China.
  • Transfer of technology by foreign players can not only help in making India self-reliant on the defence front but also boost the nation’s potential to cater to the global market through cutting-edge research and innovation.

Fake degree bazaar | Tribune

  • The detection of 36,000 fake degrees issued to people across 17 states is termed the tip of the iceberg by the investigators.
  • Only 14 of the 55 hard disks seized from Solan’s Manav Bharti University have been scanned so far by a special investigation team.
  • Even more alarming is the revelation that the university may have been indulging in the blatant illegal activity for over a decade.
  • But what is more disturbing is the persistent demand for fake degrees.
  • What does this say about our higher education system, or us as a society?
  • The tentacles are spread nationwide; periodical crackdowns have helped, but clearly fall short.

A year on, mind the gaps

  • January 30, 2021 marked one year since India detected its first case of COVID-19 — a student in Kerala who had returned from Wuhan, China.
  • Analysing the country’s response to the novel coronavirus pandemic so far reveals a mixed bag of successes and failures along with a host of unknowns looming ahead, that urgently need to be addressed to both limit damage due to the pandemic and get back to the path of economic and social recovery.
  • Till date the country has recorded 1,07,90,183 cases and 1,54,703 deaths due to COVID-19 — the second largest in the world in terms of cases, after the United States, and fourth in terms of deaths.
  • For example, India’s case fatality ratio on February 3 stood at 1.4% compared to 2.8% in the United Kingdom or 3.1% in South Africa, while India’s deaths per million is 112, compared to 1,362 in the United States, 1,486 in Italy, or 1,831 in Belgium.
  • While India’s case fatalities ratio was lower than Bangladesh (1.5%) and Pakistan (2.1%) it was but significantly higher than Bhutan (0.1%), Nepal (0.7%), the Maldives (0.3%) and Sri Lanka (0.5%).
  • Deaths due to COVID-19 per million population in Bangladesh was 50, Pakistan was 54 and Sri Lanka was just 16, lower than in India.
  • India’s initial response was marked by political commitment at the highest level.
  • The fear of new more virulent strains
  • India was also among the few countries to announce a stringent nationwide lockdown much before it had a significant number of cases.
  • An unintended offshoot of the lockdown was the large-scale exodus of migrants and families forced to walk hundreds of kilometres back to their homes in the countryside.
  • No public health response can be successful without ownership at the state level.
  • In all epidemic responses, generation and use of strategic information plays a crucial role.
  • While the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) carried out selective sero-surveillance studies in metropolitan areas, these surveys were limited in coverage and periodicity. It is therefore still a matter of guesswork as to what percentage of India’s population have been infected with the virus — an indicator of herd immunity.
  • The response was also marked by a lack of involvement of civil society organisations as partners with state agencies.
  • Vaccination drive is on.
  • How long the vaccine will protect us?
  • The pandemic period has exacerbated existing social inequalities and the poor face a ‘lost decade’ ahead, a challenge which needs to be addressed on priority.

NEWS

  • Both houses of Parliament to resume discussion on Motion of Thanks on President's Address
  • Delhi Police files FIR against people who created India maligning toolkit, shared by Greta Thunberg on Twitter
  • RBI to announce its bi-monthly monetary policy today
  • Asia's biggest show Aero India to conclude in Bengaluru today
  • UN Security Council calls for release of Aung San Suu Kyi and others in Myanmar
  • Railways Minister Piyush Goyal says, General Budget 2021 is historic and focuses on infrastructure projects in Railways
  • Centre allocates about Rs 7,000 crore in rail budget 2021-22 for Odisha
  • PM Modi pays homage to Pt Bhimsen Joshi on his birth anniversary
  • External Affairs Ministry says, India is closely monitoring developments in Myanmar