Chipped & Vulnerable | ToI
- Advent of 5G technology
- Growing need for greater computing power
- Covid pandemic that exponentially increased the demand for information communication technology and digital entertainment products
- Global shortage in semiconductors
- Drop in wholesale deliveries of automobile
- Intel and Samsung: design and manufacture on their own
- TSMC: contract manufacture chips
- Establishing foundries is hugely capital intensive and has a gestation period of up to three years.
- In May, South Korea announced a whopping $451 billion investment to become a semiconductor
- US Senate in July voted through $52 billion in subsidies for chip plants
- The Made in China 2025 and the National Integrated Circuit Plan
- After failing to recognise strategic implications for years, the Indian government in December 2020 invited proposals from companies to set up fabrication facilities.
- $1 billion in cash incentives
- Where India should slot itself in the semiconductor manufacturing chain?
Turning Drip to Gush | ET
- 15-8-2019: Jal Jeevan Mission - India has the satisfaction of having ‘saturation’ — tap water supply in every household — in more than 1 lakh villages and 78 districts.
- This has been possible by providing additional connections to over 4.75 crore rural families.
- Now, about 8 crore rural households have assured potable tap water supply in their homes.
- The coverage has moved to over 41%, starting from a meagre 17% in August 2019.
- The goal of ‘Har ghar jal’ (Water in all homes) by 2024 looks eminently possible today.
- Not only did SBM radically change public health and hygiene in India — a 2018 WHO study underlined the 3 lakh potential diarrhoeal deaths it prevented — but as a Unicef study concluded, it was good economics too.
- A household in an ODF village saved ₹50,000 a year, considering the time saved and reduced medical costs.
- JJM, with an outlay of ₹3.6 lakh crore, aspires to provide functional household tap connection (FHTC) to 95 crore people spread over 19 crore rural families by 2024.
- The allocation for the mission has been increased from ₹11,500 crore last year to ₹50,000 crore in 2021-22.
- The dramatic upswing in allocation for water and sanitation by the 15th Finance Commission would mean an additional ₹70,000 crore to strengthen JJM’s efforts.
- Government programmes, when not approached in a mission mode, can notoriously accumulate time and cost overruns.
- JJM is seriously decentralised, demand-driven and communitymanaged.
- The 100-day campaign to provide potable piped water to all schools is timed well, to sync with the reopening of schools across the country.
- About 7 lakh schools and an equal number of anganwadi centres now have provision of tap water supply.
- The ongoing ‘Catch the Rain’ campaign banks on people’s participation to systematically conserve water.
- It augurs well that policymakers have decisively noted the relevance of water for socioeconomic development, environment and climate, health and sanitation, and human welfare and survival.
Noble intentions | TH
- UN Security Council Presidency of India ends
- UNSC Resolution 2593 - condemning terrorism and urging the Taliban to ensure human rights in Afghanistan
- Safe evacuations of Afghans
- Not allowing Afghan soil to be used for terrorist activity
- It also followed on three discussions held under India’s chairmanship that have set out the expectations from the new regime in Afghanistan
- The importance of upholding rights
- To push for an inclusive, negotiated political settlement for government
- Combating of the presence of UN-designated entities
- The watered-down language was probably on account of severe opposition from Russia and China, who later decided to abstain.
- A major tool is the India-chaired 1988 (Taliban) Sanctions Committee, due to meet soon, which needs to ensure that no designated leader of the Taliban and their associates are given recourse to funds, arms or travel permission unless they show a commitment to international principles.
- Concerns conveyed over possible use of Afghan territory for anti-India activities in Doha meeting; Foreign Secy holds talks with US Secretary of State
- Over 66.98 crore doses of Covid vaccine administered so far across country
- Prez Kovind to confer National Awards to 44 teachers through virtual mode on Teacher's Day; Shikshak Parv-2021 to be observed from Sept 5
- Shikshak Parv- 2021 to commence from Teacher’s Day and will continue till 17th of September: Education Ministry
- 41 killed in US from flash flooding & tornadoes; President Biden says, historic investment needed to deal with climate crisis
- PM, Prez to run nation under Supreme Leader Mullah Hibatullah Akhundzada in Afghanistan: Taliban
Q.) Which country opened the first road-rail transport link to the Indian Ocean?
Q.) Which animal has the Allahabad HC urged to be declared as the National Animal of India?
- Asiatic Lion
- Snow Leopard