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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 03 October 2020

India-Myanmar | ToI

  • Power packed Indian delegation - foreign secretary Harsh Vardhan Shringla - chief of army staff (COAS) MM Naravane - visit Myanmar for highlevel discussions on Monday.
  • Almost every Indian foreign secretary visits Myanmar at least once in his/ her tenure.
  • So does the COAS.
  • The delegation’s composition reflects New Delhi’s nuanced understanding of where power lies in Myanmar.

  • It should impart a strong momentum to bilateral relations.
  • It is “a time-tested partnership”, stressed U Soe Han, Myanmar’s permanent secretary for foreign affairs, reflecting a shared assessment.
  • On 8 November, Myanmar will go through its parliamentary elections.
  • The Rohingya question continues to fester, straining Myanmar’s relations with Bangladesh.
  • China's expanding economic footprint in Myanmar
  1. Cooperation on political and diplomatic levels exists in ample measure.
  2. Security and defence cooperation registered progress.
  3. Development cooperation valued at $1.4 billion (through grants) is substantive.
  4. Economic cooperation has developed, but it still stays at a suboptimal level.
  5. People-to-people exchanges occupy a special place
  • India’s assistance in restoration of the Ananda Temple in Bagan and two temples in Bodh Gaya built by Burmese rulers – King Bagyidaw and King Mindon – has been widely appreciated in Myanmar.
  • India’s timely help of medicines and equipment to fight the corona pandemic.
  • As the Shringla-Naravane team discusses key facets of a strategic partnership in Naypyitaw, think tanks in both countries need to contribute more, with fresh ideas and thinking.
  • While the region’s geopolitics changes, India's ‘Neighbourhood First’ and ‘Act East’ policy and Myanmar’s deep-seated instinct for a balanced and independent foreign policy must ensure that the two countries journey together as ‘companion souls’.

Hathras case | Ind Exp

  • 14-September-2020: a 19-year-old Dalit woman goes to work in the fields, close to her home, in the Hathras district of western Uttar Pradesh.
  • Newslaundry reports – Girl’s mother found her daughter’s body in the part of the fields
  • “My daughter was lying naked with her tongue protruding from her mouth. Her eyes were bulging out and she was bleeding from her mouth, her neck and there was blood near her eyes. I also noticed bleeding from her vagina. I quickly covered her with the pallu of my saree and started screaming.”
  • A First Information Report (FIR) must be immediately lodged, and if the victim needs hospitalisation then the requirements of a medico-legal case such as this, the preservation of clothing, the recording of injuries, can be done at the hospital.
  • A statement as to the events, under Section 164 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, of the survivor in the presence of a magistrate, must be ensured by the police.
  • Finally, if the survivor of the rape should pass away, then the body must be handed over to her family, after post-mortem analysis.
  • Post the assault, girl was taken to the Champa police station, and from there to the hospital while her brother stayed back to register an FIR.
  • At the hospital, despite the trauma on September 21 and 22, she clearly named her upper caste neighbours and their friends as her assaulters.
  • Eventually, belatedly — over two weeks after the assault — girl was transferred to Safdarjung Medical Hospital in Delhi, where she died.
  • A magistrate came to the hospital in Aligarh to record her statement but it is unclear whether they preserved sufficient evidence for a case such as this.
  • After her death in Delhi, girl’s body was whisked away, and despite the fierce protests of her family, was cremated around 2:30 am/3:00 am by the police.
  • The journalist Tanushree Pandey in her first-person account, captures the police telling girl’s family that mistakes have been made (galtiya hui hai) but it is time to “move on”, and family members locked themselves in their home in fear while police proceeded to cremate the girl.
  • The police then tried to prevent the press from taking any pictures or recording their actions.
  • October 1, the Additional Director General of Police, Prashant Kumar, apparently relying on the FSL, said that India’s cause of death was injury to the spinal cord, no sperm was found and no rape
  • Reports indicate that the FSL samples were taken days after the events, making it impossible for bodily fluids like sperm to be found.
  • The Allahabad High Court, on October 1, 2020, shaken by the course of events, has taken suo motu cognisance of the events.
  • It is not just the unfortunate girl’s spine that was broken — it is the spine of the Indian state and the police that is fractured.
  • It is not just the unfortunate girl that was brutalised, it is each and every woman who is raped and silenced that screams out loudly.
  • Shame on all of us.

Outlaw | IndExp

  • What makes a powerful government so insecure that it must build a wall of policemen to barricade from public view — and cut off access to — a village in which a traumatised Dalit family grieves the death of a 19-year-old daughter brutalised by upper caste men?
  • A wider culture of impunity appears to be deepening in UP.
  • The police’s grave missteps in Hathras have been preceded by a series of warning signals.
  • The number of encounters grows in the state — 115 at last count — even as there is no action against any policeman for the extrajudicial killings.
  • Two police officials have been chargesheeted in the Vikas Dubey case — featuring the gangster in whose rise and death the police evidently played a dubious role.
  • The lines between those whose responsibility it is to uphold the law and those who break it have been blurring dangerously in UP.
  • The Hathras case is a test for the UP Police, and also for the Yogi Adityanath government that it reports to.
  • All of the government’s determined efforts to project and promote UP as a well governed state will amount to naught if it is unable to send out a simple message — that it is fully committed to upholding the law and bringing to book those who think they can brutalise a woman and get away with it.

Pathways to diversity

  • September 30 - UN Summit on Biodiversity
  • In New York, member-nations of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) took note of the link between biodiversity loss and the spread of animal pathogens, calling for an end to destructive industrial and commercial practices.
  • There is consensus that conservation targets set a decade ago in Aichi, Japan, to be achieved by 2020, have spectacularly failed.

AICHI TARGETS

  • Phasing out of subsidies that erode biodiversity
  • Steps for resource use within safe ecological limits
  • Preventing industrial fisheries from destroying threatened species and vulnerable ecosystems
  • An end to pollution, including growing plastic waste
  • Evidence is presented by the latest UN Global Biodiversity Outlook 5 report: none of the 20 targets has been fully met.
  • Many countries have chosen to ignore the connection between biodiversity and well-being, and depleted ecological capital in pursuit of financial prosperity.
  • A bright spot is the partial progress made on protecting surface and subsurface water, inland, coastal and marine areas.
  • WWF’s Living Planet Index - precipitous declines in vertebrate populations, a key indicator, by 68% over 1970 levels.
  • India’s message was one of pride in an ancient conservation tradition, as one of the few megadiverse countries, and one that recognised the value of nature as much as the destructive impact of unregulated resources exploitation.
  • New EIA norms proposed by the NDA government.
  • There is little concern for indigenous communities that have fostered biodiversity, and no effort to make them strong partners in improving the health of forests and buffer zones.
  • Now that CBD members are set to draw up fresh conservation targets to be finalised next year, India too has the opportunity to plan a trajectory of green growth after COVID-19, around clean energy, ecological agriculture, a freeze on expansion of mining and dam-building, resource recovery from waste, and regeneration of arid lands.
  • It should join the coalition of the enlightened.

NEWS

  • PM Modi to inaugurate Atal tunnel, world’s longest highway tunnel, at Rohtang in Himachal Pradesh today
  • PM says Atma Nirbhar Bharat includes a vision of global welfare; Seeks support of researchers and academicians for self-reliant India
  • Jal Shakti Minister launches 100-day campaign to provide potable piped water in Schools and Anganwadi Centres
  • Uttar Pradesh government suspends five police personnel in Hathras case
  • COVID-19 recovery rate stands at 83.70 per cent; Testing scaled up across country
  • Vice President Venkaiah Naidu calls for reviving the Gandhian ideals
  • Over 99 per cent of cities across country become Open Defecation Free
  • Indian Navy Helicopters Undertake Aerial Seeding at Visakhapatnam
  • US President Donald Trump shifted to Walter Reed National Military Medical Center in Maryland
  • Nuclear disarmament can be achieved through a step-by-step process, Indian Foreign Secretary