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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 03 June 2021

NEWS

  • Health & welfare of students ‘topmost’ priority of govt: PM Modi on class 12 exam cancellation
  • Rajasthan govt decides to cancel Class 10th and 12th Board Examinations amid Corona virus pandemic
  • Bihar CM announces 33 % reservation for girl students in engineering & medical colleges
  • Covid-19 recovery rate further improves to 92.48 per cent; over 22 crore COVID vaccine doses administered in country so far
  • Clinical trial of Bharat Biotech's Covaxin on children begins at AIIMS Patna
  • Union Cabinet approves draft of Model Tenancy Act
  • Niti Aayog to launch 3rd edition of Sustainable Development Goals index today
  • Army Chief reviews security in Kashmir Valley
  • Dr. Harsh Vardhan successfully completes his tenure as Chairperson of Executive Board of WHO
  • Defence Secretary says, there is need for think tanks and strategic intellectual input due to changing nature of security challenges
  • Labor veteran, Isaac Herzog elected as Israel's 11th President
  • Bangladesh to strip 4 killers of Sheikh Mujib of their gallantry awards
  • China’s President Xi Jinping asks officials to strengthen country's international communication
  • WHO approves China’s SINOVAC Covid vaccine for Emergency Use Listing
  • 12th Clean Energy Ministerial currently underway in Chile

Baby economics

  • It took around 50,000 years for the world’s population to hit 1 billion.
  • Since 1960, the arrow is going up every few years
  • Today’s global population of 7.8 billion
  • China’s economic policy U-turn in 1979 was accompanied by the introduction of a draconian one-child policy.
  • By 2016, the policy shifted to two children per couple and has now been bumped up to three – in the wake of China seeing its slowest growth of population since 1960s.

  • Fertility rates are in a downward trajectory in many nations
  • Till now, human population declines have been involuntary.
  • Reversing the fertility trend seems impossible.
  • Countries like India are painfully discovering that a demographic dividend is not preordained.
  • Absent right conditions, you can get a demographic nightmare.
  • National incomes are ultimately dependent on productivity.

BB, play the a game

  • India’s truly atmanirbhar, made-by-Bharat Biotech (BB) vaccine, Covaxin, is yet to secure WHO’s Emergency Use Listing.
  • This, when Sinovac became the second Chinese vaccine after Sinopharm to get global approval.
  • Covaxin’s absence from the list of WHO-approved vaccines means millions of Indians who have got this shot may not be eligible for global travel, since most countries go by the list of WHO-approved vaccines.
  • GoI should push BB to obtain WHO green signal ASAP.
  • Questions over its production and capacity made the company argue there’s a 4-month lag between initiation and supply, and that June will see substantially more doses of Covaxin.
  • GoI has now said it expects to secure 7.5 crore doses of Covaxin in July.
  • Serum Institute cannot indefinitely postpone its Covax/ commercial commitments and risk more international ire.
  • Covishield has so far shouldered nearly 90% of the vaccination burden.
  • And all the official talk of Covaxin being produced by other companies, including some pharma PSUs, must see some real action.
  • In 3-4 months, millions of Covishield first dosers will be due for their next shot.
  • If India’s experiments with mixing vaccines boil down to a Covishield-Covaxin cocktail, domestic safety-efficacy studies must be carried out quickly and transparently.
  • Covaxin trials on 2-18 year-olds is India’s best bet to protect children from a feared third wave and to safely reopen schools.

Close the vaccination gap, in global lockstep

  • By the end of May 2021, only 2.1% of Africans had received at least one dose of a COVID-19 vaccine.
  • We need to close the vaccination gap between advanced economies and developing countries to avoid what the World Health Organization (WHO) Director-General, Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesu has called “vaccination apartheid”.
  • Doing so is both morally right and in everyone’s interest.
  • The pandemic is still killing thousands of people every day and at the current pace, the whole world will not be vaccinated before 2023.
  • Yet, a widely vaccinated world population is the only way to end the pandemic; otherwise, the multiplication of variants is likely to undermine the effectiveness of existing vaccines.
  • Vaccination is also a prerequisite for lifting the restrictions that are holding back our economies and freedoms.
  • If the vaccination gap persists, it risks reversing the trend in recent decades of declining poverty and global inequalities.
  • The EU welcomes the $50 billion plan proposed by the International Monetary Fund in order to be able to vaccinate 40% of the world population in 2021 and 60% by mid-2022.
  • To achieve this goal, we need closely coordinated multilateral action.
  • We must resist the threat posed by linking the provision of vaccines to political goals and “vaccine nationalism”.
  • The EU has been vaccinating its own population, while exporting large volumes of vaccines and contributing substantially to the vaccines roll-out in low-income countries.
  • India’s “Vaccine Maitri” is another example of global solidarity.
  • In 2020, the EU supported the research and development of vaccines on a large scale and contributed significantly to the new generation of mRNA vaccines.
  • The EU then became a major producer of COVID-19 vaccines with, according to WHO, around 40% of the doses used globally so far.
  • The EU has also exported 240 million doses to 90 countries, which is about as much as we have used within the EU.
  • The EU with its member states and financial institutions — what we call “Team Europe” — is also donating vaccines to neighbours in need, particularly in the Western Balkans.
  • It aims to donate at least 100 million more doses to low- and middle-income countries before the end of 2021, as agreed at the last European Council.
  • With €2.8 billion, Team Europe has also been the main contributor to the COVAX facility, which enables poorer countries to access vaccines; around one-third of all COVAX doses delivered so far have been financed by the EU.
  • To fill this gap, countries with the required knowledge and means should increase their production capacities, so that they can both vaccinate their own populations and export more vaccines, as the EU is doing.
  • All countries must avoid restrictive measures that affect vaccine supply chains.
  • We also need to facilitate the transfer of knowledge and technology, so that more countries can produce vaccines.
  • Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement and the 2001 Doha Declaration already foresee the possibility of compulsory licensing.
  • The COVID-19 pandemic has reminded us that health is a global public good.
  • Our common global COVID-19 vaccine action to close the vaccination gap must be the first step toward genuine global health cooperation, as foreseen by the Rome Declaration recently adopted at the Global Health Summit.

Opening Gainful Vistas

  • After hearing the matter regarding the Central Vista Project (CVP) for eight months over 28 hearings, on January 5, the Supreme Court gave the go-ahead for the project.
  • The court categorically stated that all statutory requirements were met and approvals taken following due process.
  • Despite these clearances, a strident campaign of misrepresentation against CVP continues.

  • On May 31, the Delhi High Court upheld CVP as an essential project of national importance, dismissing a petition that sought to stay construction.
  • It also imposed a cost of ₹1 lakh on the petitioners, stating, ‘This is a motivated petition preferred by the petitioners and is not a genuine public interest litigation.’
  • CVP, comprising 10 buildings to house the 51 ministries and departments of GoI, a new conference centre, a residence for the vice-president and prime minister, etc, will take five years to complete.
  • Only two projects — the new Parliament building and redevelopment of Central Vista Avenue costing ₹862 crore and ₹477 crore respectively — have been awarded so far.
  • The space crunch within the existing Parliament building would become even more serious after 2026, when the embargo on increasing the strength of Parliament will be lifted.
  • The strength of both Houses of Parliament is bound to increase to reflect the growth in India’s population.
  • Even though GoI is the owner of the land, over the years, it has been forking out a whopping ₹1,000 crore annually by way of rent for space for its own offices.
  • Any self-respecting government would have addressed the needs of a new central vista decades ago.
  • When this is being addressed some 75 years after Independence, the project is being slammed as being an exercise in vanity.
  • Economic revival is a critical priority in this Covid-19-wracked economy.
  • These two construction projects generate employment opportunities for skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled workers.
  • Direct livelihoods to about 1,600 and 1,250 workers on- and off-site respectively are provided.
  • If providing gainful employment while protecting our workers is possible, there is no reason to stop work on a project of national importance and value, a view that the judiciary has vindicated.
  • Finally, to all the critics lamenting the destruction of the heritage buildings, not a single heritage structure is going to be demolished.

ANS

Which high court recently held that an extramarital relationship of mother itself is a no ground to deny her the custody of her child in case of maritial dispute?

  1. Punjab and Haryana HC
  2. Delhi HC
  3. Bombay HC
  4. Andhra Pradesh HC

MCQ

Q.)Name the online portal of the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights

  1. Bal Seva
  2. Bal Swaraj
  3. Child First
  4. PM Cares for Children