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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 03 July 2021

NEWS

  • Government brings retail and wholesale trade under ambit of Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises
  • India achieves highest ever Merchandise export of 95 Billion dollar in first quarter of current financial year
  • COVID-19 Recovery Rate improves to 97 per cent; Vaccination Coverage crosses 34.41 crore mark
  • Health and Family Welfare Ministry gives nod for vaccination of pregnant women
  • Government imposes stock limit for all pulses except moong till October 31 this year
  • Monsoon Session of Parliament to commence from July 19
  • RBI tweaks norms for interest on unclaimed amount after deposit matures
  • ISRO gives nod to parliamentary panel to implement satellite TV classrooms
  • 12 out of 22 districts in Haryana achieved target under Jal Jeevan Mission: Jal Shakti Ministry
  • Indian Railways maintained high momentum in freight loading, earnings in June this year
  • Last US and Nato forces leave Afghanistan's Bagram airbase
  • Atul Keshap takes charge as United States' new envoy to India
  • India registers strong protest with Pakistan over security breach of Indian High Commission complex in Islamabad
  • UN chief urges Myanmar military to release Aung San Suu Kyi
  • Afghan National Security & Defense Forces killed over 6,000 Taliban terrorists in June

Net loss | TH

  • The digital divide in India’s school education system, reflected by the absence of computers and Internet access on campus, emerges starkly from the Education Ministry’s Unified District Information System for Education Plus (UDISE+), for the pre-pandemic year of 2019-20.
  • Physical infrastructure has traditionally meant good buildings, playgrounds, libraries and access to water and toilets.
  • During 2020-21, it became painfully evident that most students had to rely on remote learning.
  • In remote areas, particularly in the Northeast, many had to travel closer to mobile phone towers to access the Internet on shared phones to get their lessons.
  • The latest data confirm that a mere 22% of schools across the country on average had Internet access, while government institutions fared much worse at 11%.
  • The range of deficits reflects deep asymmetries: 87.84% of Kerala schools and 85.69% in Delhi had an Internet facility, compared to 6.46% in Odisha, 8.5% in Bihar, 10% in West Bengal and 13.62% in Uttar Pradesh.
  • Many scholars see the teaching-learning process as multi-dimensional, helping to inculcate social skills.
  • Bringing computers and the Internet to all schools cannot be delayed any longer.
  • The Centre must explore all options, such as the National Broadband Mission, the BSNL network and other service providers, to connect schools, including all government institutions that are severely deprived.
  • The upcoming 5G standard with the benefit of high wireless bandwidth may also be able to help bridge the gap quickly.

In centenary backdrop,...| TH

  • China embarks on its 100th anniversary celebrations of the foundation of the Communist Party of China (CPC).
  • The situation in Eastern Ladakh currently remains tense.
  • Matters have reached a stalemate.
  • Meanwhile, there is new information on China’s manoeuvres in the border regions across Ladakh.
  • China is reportedly raising new militia units comprising local Tibetan youth, to be deployed in Eastern Ladakh, for both high altitude warfare and surveillance.
  • India has, meanwhile, been expressing its concern to China about the continuing ‘close up deployments’, which has only produced a strong verbal riposte from China.
  • India’s concerns about China are grounded in reality.
  • Other nations today have, however, begun expressing concern about the threat posed by China to the existing world order.
  • During the past month, both the G-7 and North Atlantic Treaty Organization, have criticised China for its military ambitions and the threat it posed to world peace.
  • Xi Jinping is seen today as a Mao clone, someone who seeks to achieve the same kind of dominance over the CPC as the latter.
  • China’s attempt, under Mr. Xi, to become the world’s most powerful military is also nowhere in sight.
  • China’s misadventure in the Ladakh heights in June last year, exposed certain shortfalls with regard to mechanisation of China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA), diminishing the latter’s hopes of becoming fully mechanised by the time the PLA celebrates its Centenary in 2027. Much of the blame for both situations is being attributed to Mr. Xi.
  • Mr. Xi had been betting on technological prowess and economic heft to achieve the kind of geo-political transformation that he wished for, but this is clearly not happening at present.
  • The extent of inner-party tensions is little known to the world outside, given the opacity of Chinese society, but the existence of dissidence or dissension within the CPC is no secret, however.
  • Deep fissures have existed, and perhaps, still exist, within the party, though the extent may not be known outside.
  • The Ladakh adventure (or misadventure) could well have been a misguided attempt by Mr. Xi to demonstrate to his opponents within the CPC that he is well and truly in command.
  • One could also anticipate that this could well be a prelude to a limited purge of dissenters within the highest echelons of the CPC.
  • India must stay prepared.

Rural power solutions..| TH

  • Over the past decade, India has made great strides in expanding energy access in rural areas.
  • Credible estimates suggest a near doubling of electrified rural households, from 55% in 2010 to 96% in 2020.
  • Despite greater electrification, power supply is often unreliable in rural areas.
  • The Rajasthan Electricity Regulatory Commission (RERC) has ordered the State’s three power distribution companies, or discoms (the Jaipur, Ajmet and Jodhpur Vidyut Vitran Nigam Limited) to solarise unelectrified public schools.
  • This has the potential to electrify about 1,500 government-run schools in the remote parts of the State with roof-top solar panels and generate about 15 megawatts (MW) of power.
  • The RERC has also suggested installation of batteries to ensure storage of power.
  • Apart from enabling education, this ruling would benefit several other crucial aspects of rural life.
  • Battery storage of power ensures that they cater to children’s after-school activities.
  • Schools could also extend power supply to mid-day meal kitchens, toilets, and motorised water pumps and not limit it to powering fans and lights in classrooms.
  • The RERC order also directs Rajasthan’s cash-strapped discoms to seek corporate social responsibility (CSR) funds for the solarising drive and allows schools ownership of the power systems in a phased manner.
  • In 2019, Rajasthan set itself an ambitious target of producing 30 GW of solar energy by 2025 (Rajasthan government, 2019).
  • Buildings such as primary health centres, panchayat offices, railway stations and bus stops could easily be transitioned to utilising clean energy.
  • As solar installations become inexpensive and with rapidly advancing battery storage technologies, decentralised solar power generation has become a reality.
  • One of the hurdles to holistic, climate resilient, clean energy access is the lack of convergence between government departments.

ANS

Q.) Which State will start Door-to-Door vaccination for aged on an experimental basis?

  1. Tamil Nadu
  2. West Bengal
  3. Maharashtra
  4. Kerala

Q.) Name the European country – a non-EU member state – that gave recognition to the Covishield vaccine produced by the Serum Institute of India on Thursday.

  1. Switzerland
  2. Estonia
  3. Spain
  4. Austria