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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 31 May 2021

NEWS

  • PM Modi says India is fighting Covid with all its might and will emerge victorious against second wave also
  • Centre says nearly 12 Crore doses of vaccines will be available in June for National Covid Vaccination Programme
  • Public Sector Banks announce new loans to mitigate impact of Corona
  • Railways delivers more than 21 thousand 392 tonnes of Liquid Medical Oxygen to fifteen States
  • Maharashtra, Telangana and Haryana extend lockdown with certain relaxations
  • Southwest Monsoon to hit Kerala by 3rd of June
  • Inflow of foreign aid to combat COVID 19 being promptly dispatched to States, UTs: Centre
  • MIB asks private TV channels to promote four national level COVID-19 helpline numbers
  • Indian Coast Guard working tirelessly to extinguish fire onboard container vessel MV X-Press Pearl off Colombo
  • New study says Corona virus was created by Chinese Scientist in Wuhan Lab
  • Bangladesh extends COVID lockdown till June 6
  • Protests erupts across Brazil over management of Covid-19 crisis by Bolsonaro govt
  • US: Two people killed, 20 injured in shooting at Miami concert
  • Pooja Rani bags gold at Asian Boxing Championships in Dubai; Mary Kom, Lalbuatsaihi and Anupama settle for Silver

Storm and strife  

  • The conflicting versions of the BJP and West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee regarding a meeting called by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Friday to review the situation after Cyclone Yaas cannot be glossed over as miscommunication.
  • BJP leaders, including Union Ministers said she made the PM wait for 30 minutes at Kalaikunda in Paschim Medinipur district in south Bengal; and once she arrived, she handed over certain papers and left without attending the meeting.
  • Governor Jagdeep Dhankhar accused the CM publicly of being confrontational.
  • In an unprecedented act, the Centre unilaterally placed the West Bengal Chief Secretary under central deputation.
  • Ms. Banerjee has said that she had sought the PM’s permission before going about her schedule to oversee relief operations in other parts of the State.
  • While offering to even touch the PM’s feet if that was required to secure the support of the Centre for the State’s welfare, she has questioned the BJP version and pleaded that the CS be allowed to stay in the post.
  • That there is such acrimony between the State and the Centre at a time when both must be working hand in hand is extremely disheartening for the people of West Bengal.
  • In Odisha on the same day, and in Gujarat earlier, the PM reviewed the situation with the CMs, and not Opposition leaders.
  • The Centre unleashed the CBI against the newly elected Trinamool Congress Ministers.
  • Mr. Adhikari, the PM’s interlocutor on Friday, remains untouched by the CBI though he is an accused in the same case.

Bonhomie

  • Foreign Minister S Jaishankar met Biden Administration in Washington
  • Quad today fills a very important gap that has emerged in contemporary times, where there are global or regional requirements, which cannot be filled by a single country, the Minister said, adding it cannot even be filled by one bilateral relationship, and which is not being addressed at the multilateral level.

  • The importance of Quad in India’s Look East policy becomes paramount because of what it can give to India and what the latter can give Quad.
  • Among the four, India is the only developing country.
  • The only one with advantages of size and stature to challenge China
  • Counter-balancing factor in the region
  • The Quad understands India’s unique placement and that is why there will be a commitment from the body to help India to be self-sustained in its security and economic requirements.
  • India has bilateral tie-ups with the members, but they would make a greater impact if they are formally sourced through Quad to assist India in fields as varied as defence and agriculture, economy and climate, technology and education.
  • Unless it opens itself up to the subject of China, India’s relevance to Quad will not come to the talking table.
  • The March 12 virtual Quad Summit discussed not China, but vaccines, cyber security and maritime security.
  • The Quad will be helping India with the manufacture of COVID-19 vaccine, Japan and the US giving the financial support and logistical support from Australia.
  • The Chinese army, or the PLA, is not a national force but belongs to the Communist Party of China.
  • Its genesis was in first allying with the country’s nationalist party the Kuomintang (KMT) led by General Chiang Kai-shek against the Japanese invaders.
  • Thereafter, the PLA fought the KMT in a civil war and defeated them to complete the communist revolution by October 1949.
  • In 1962 the Chinese invasion was a sorry tale for India.
  • Nearly, 5,000 soldiers were killed while about 4,000 were wounded or captured alive.
  • But even here, the Chinese admitted that they had lost nearly 750 killed and 1,700 wounded.
  • It is evident that the Indian soldiers, despite being badly clothed and equipped, fought bravely.
  • During the Korean War in 1951-53, China found the communist North Koreans having to retreat in the face of the overwhelmingly powerful US army aiding South Korea, and went to North Korea’s help.
  • By 1953, the PLA had lost an estimated 1,52,000 soldiers killed and 383,000 wounded.
  • In 1967, just five years after its successful 1962 attack on India, China once again tried to grab Indian territory at Nathu La, but was beaten back by the Indian army, suffering 450-500 casualties to just over 70 on the Indian side.
  • In 1979, China decided to invade communist North Vietnam but despite the size of the PLA, it suffered over 60,000 casualties and had to go back in ignominy.
  • Since its 1979 Vietnam misadventure, the PLA has had no combat experience.
  • Its recent attempts at bullying India, first in Dokalam and then Ladakh, have met with not only failure but also combat casualties.
  • In fact, communist militaries are not known to be efficient.
  • Josef Stalin claimed to have played a major role in defeating Hitler’s Germany.
  • But such a claim conveniently overlooked the enormity of the Soviet casualties, of over 20 million in the four years 1941-45.
  • Besides, it also ignored the enormous American aid of war material supplied under the Lend-Lease scheme.
  • Coming to militaries, officers must be respected by their soldiers and not be treated as equals.
  • Implicit obedience is essential for obedience especially on the battlefield.
  • Communism has destroyed the essence of discipline by prescribing equality.
  • If both soldiers and their commanders are to be political equals as ‘comrades’, off goes the military, or any organization for that matter.
  • One cannot prevent a person from performing better and better karma nor help to boost an individual’s poor Karma.
  • One of the first steps after 1949 by Mao’s regime was to take over the ownership of farming land but, unlike Stalin, it simultaneously leased it back.
  • Communists could not trust any class except those who worked for industries or those dependent on state employment.
  • Ideally, they preferred party service to that of the state.
  • One may briefly linger what the great leader of Singapore Lee Kuan Yew had said about China in the second volume of his autobiography.
  • In the next 50 years Lee said, the Chinese would have to move from a planned to a market economy, from a rural to an urban base.
  • China’s political structures would have to allow its citizens more participation and control over their lives.
  • A third factor would be the widening differences in incomes, growth rates, and quality of life between the wealthy coastal and riverine provinces and the disadvantaged inland provinces.
  • The fourth and most profound factor will be the different values and aspirations of the next generation.
  • However, the most pernicious problem is corruption.
  • Much of China’s economic breakthrough has been export oriented.
  • Its new factories, small and large, manufacture products that are mostly exported.
  • Many of the larger factories have been set up by foreign entrepreneurs.
  • But, as it happens, the current regime has earned the wrath of most nations of the world.

Only a global effort can tame COVID-19

  • India has been witnessing an unprecedented surge in COVID-19 cases, largely due to the new variants.
  • The variant found initially in the United Kingdom (B.1.1.7) was found in parts of north India earlier this year and began to spread across the country.
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) recently declared the variant first found in India (B.1.617) as a variant of global concern as it has already spread to more than 40 countries.

  • This underscores the fact that no one is safe until everyone is safe.
  • It calls for globally coordinated efforts to build herd immunity through mass vaccination and to develop new vaccines or tweak the existing ones to become effective against the new variants.
  • Experts have been doubtful about the effectiveness of some of the COVID-19 vaccines against the new variants of the virus.
  • Vaccine hesitant is gone
  • Vaccine shortage
  • Vaccine Maitri
  • Vaccine nationalism will be detrimental to global efforts to contain the virus
  • The pandemic needs to be checked globally in a coordinated manner
  • Inoculating huge population calls for massive production capacities.
  • Only a little over 12% of the population has received one dose and 3.2% has received both the doses in India so far.
  • The current production capacity of Covishield and Covaxin is just over 70 million doses per month.
  • The government has allocated ₹45 billion as an advance commitment to Serum Institute of India and Bharat Biotech for enhancing their production capacity.
  • By June-July, in the best-case scenario, the combined production capacity of the two companies is expected to rise to 158 million doses per month.
  • The 50 million imported Sputnik doses will add to this.
  • This vaccine will be available only in major private hospitals for now.
  • It is reported that the Sputnik vaccine will be produced in India from July with an annual capacity of 156 million doses, which, according to the Russian Ambassador to India, will be gradually increased to 850 million doses.
  • Being the pharmacy of the world, India needs to rise to the occasion and cater to the demand for vaccines in the country as well as facilitate inoculation of the global population, especially in poorer countries.
  • In the first week of May, the Indian Council of Medical Research said it was willing to share the know-how to produce Covaxin with any company interested in production.
  • Allowing multiple producers will lead to more competition and a reduction in prices.
  • In its attempt to enhance the production of Covaxin from 12.5 million doses to 58 million doses a month, the Government of India has involved three public sector enterprises
  1. Haffkine Biopharmaceutical Corporation
  2. Bharat Immunologicals and Biologicals Corporation Limited
  3. Indian Immunologicals Limited.
  • As infectious diseases are expected to increase in the coming years, India needs to frame a long-term strategy to enhance supply at the domestic and international level.
  • Public sector enterprises should be an integral part of that strategy.
  • Unfortunately, the Public Sector Enterprise Policy, released in February, has not identified public sector enterprises in the pharmaceuticals sector as strategically important, and therefore, all central public sector enterprises will subsequently be privatised.
  • The National Health Profile 2019, published by the Central Bureau of Health Intelligence, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, shows that India has an installed capacity of 8,151.7 million doses of vaccines annually, in the private and public sectors.
  • A few of these facilities can be re-purposed for the production of COVID-19 vaccines.
  • Unavailability of raw materials, complexities in the transfer of technology, and intellectual property barriers all hinder production. Serum Institute and Bharat Biotech have faced constraints in continuing production due to the lack of raw materials.
  • About 1,800 patents cover the single-use plastic reactors which are used in the production of some of the COVID-19 vaccines.
  • Similarly, other equipment and materials used in the production of vaccines are patent-protected and therefore supplied by only a few players.
  • India and South Africa had led an initiative at the World Trade Organization (WTO) for the waiver of intellectual property rights over products required for treating COVID-19.
  • Recently, after coming under pressure, the U.S. extended support to this proposal covering only vaccines.
  • An article published in Nature points out the benefits of mRNA vaccine technology compared to conventional vaccine technologies.
  • The key advantage of this technology is easy scalability in production.
  • At present, the WHO has approved two mRNA COVID-19 vaccines produced by Pfizer-BioNtech and Moderna, and those vaccines have proven to be more effective than other vaccines.
  • Global cooperation is needed to create an environment where those companies interested in producing the mRNA vaccines get open licence from the innovators.
  • Global cooperation is also required for the sequencing of the viral genome to track and control the multiple variants.
  • Only if we tame the virus together and quickly will the world benefit both in terms of health and economy.

ANS

Q.) France recently recognised its role in a 1994 genocide in which country?

  1. Estonia
  2. Latvia
  3. Rwanda
  4. Burundi

MCQ

Q.) Name the capital of Seychelles

  1. Victoria
  2. Port Louis
  3. Roseau
  4.  Saint-Denis