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The Hindu Editorial Analysis | PDF Download

Date: 31 March 2019

 

MCQ 1

  1. In 2018 carbon dioxide emission in India was higher than that of the United States and China which are the two biggest emitters in the world.
  2. India had pledges to lower the CO2 emissions by 40 % by 2030 Choose correct

(A)Only 1

(B) Only 2

(C)Both

(D)None

 MCQ 2

  1. Jaisalmer is the biggest constituency in india
  2. Tashigang, a small Himachal Pradesh village has got the distinction of the highest polling station in the world.

Choose correct

(A)Only 1

 (B)Only 2

(C)Both

(D)None

 

  •  Ladakh lok Sabha constituency is the largest Lok Sabha constituency in India in terms of area with a total area of 173266.37 km2 . Ladakh Lok Sabha constituency is one of the six Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Jammu and Kashmir state in northern India. The number of electors(voters) in Ladakh (Lok Sabha constituency) is 1.59 lakhs.
  • Tashigang is a village near an ancient monastery in the state of Himachal Pradesh, India. It is the highest settlement in Spiti Valley, and is located in the Sutlej river valley near the India-Tibet border. National Highway 22connects Khab with state capital Shimla. Below Tashigangis flows the Sutlej river, which originates from Mansarovar Lake in Tibet

 MCQ 3

  1. INS Kadmatt is an indigenous stealth anti-submarine warfare corvette of the Indian Navy.
  2. It is taking part in ongoing LIMA -19 Exhibition in Indonesia

Choose correct

(A)Only 1

(B) Only 2

(C)Both

(D)None

  •  INS Kadmatt (P29) is the second of four antisubmarine warfare corvettes built for the Indian Navy by the Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers of Kolkata under Project 28. She was inducted into the Eastern Naval Command of Indian Navy. 2019 Langkawi International Maritime and Aerospace Exhibition
  • Langkawi International Maritime Aero Expo (LIMA-2019) is planned in Langkawi, Malaysia from 26 March 2019 to 30 March 2019. Indian Air Force is participating in the Maritime Aero Expo for the first time, during which it will showcase its indigenously developed LCA fighter aircraft. The team departed from Air Force Station Kalaikunda for Langkawi today i.e 22 March 2019 via Myanmar (Yangon).
  • Indian Navy’s frontline ASW corvette, INS Kadmatt arrived at Langkawi, Malaysia on a seven days official visit on Monday 25 Mar 19. The ship is scheduled to participate in the 15th edition of Langkawi International Maritime and Aerospace Exhibition, LIMA-19 during the visit. Vice Admiral Karambir Singh, PVSM, AVSM, ADC, Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Eastern Naval Command would also be attending various engagements as part of LIMA 19 as head of Indian Navy Delegation
  • The Kamorta-class corvettes or Project 28 are a class of anti-submarine warfare corvettes currently in service with the Indian Navy.
  • Built at Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers (GRSE), Kolkata, they are the first anti-submarine warfare stealth corvettes to be built in India.
  • Project 28 was approved in 2003, with construction of the lead ship, INS Kamorta commencing on 12 August 2005.
  • Three of the four corvettes, INS Kamorta, INS Kadmatt and INS Kiltan were commissioned in 2014, 2016 and 2017 respectively. INS Kavaratti is under construction and slated to be completed by May 2019.
  • The platform and major internal systems of this class of corvettes are indigenously designed and built. The corvettes are named after the islands in the Lakshadweep archipelago.

 MCQ 4

  1. Dhanush Long Range Artillery Guns are inducted in army which are procured from Russia
  2. Dhanush howitzer is a reverse-engineered upgraded variant of the original Bofors design.

Choose correct

(A)Only 1

(B)Only 2

(C)Both

(D)None

 

  • The indigenously developed ‘Dhanush’ howitzer artillery guns, an upgraded version based on the design of Swedish Bofors, are set to be inducted soon.
  • Army breathed life into the ailing artillery unit by signing deals worth Rs 5,000 crore for 145 US-made M-777 guns and Rs 4300 crore for 100 units of K-9 Vajra self-propelled guns from South Korea last year. The induction of Dhanush will further boost it.

Higher range, better accuracy

  • For instance, the longer barrel length of the Dhanush, along with the use of a ‘Zone-6’ bi-modular charge system, allows it to fire an extended range full-bore base bleed (ERFB-BB) shell to a maximum range of 38.4 kilometres (km) as opposed to just 24 km for the FH-77B. As such, the Dhanush outranges the FH-77B by 9 km or more for all standard shell types and the M-777 by 6- 8 km, if a similar comparison were to be made. Importantly, it also outranges any towed gun or howitzer in the Pakistan Army’s arsenal by a significant margin.
  • The Dhanush howitzer also has superior fire control and accuracy when compared to the FH-77B due to the incorporation of an automatic gun alignment and positioning system (AGAPS), which uses an enhanced tactical computer (ETC) for onboard ballistic computations, a muzzle velocity radar and an inertial navigation system (INS)-based sighting system capable of receiving GPS updates.
  • In the case of the FH-77B, ballistic computations and muzzle velocity recordings are done ‘off-board’ at the battery command post level. Each Dhanush unit is also provided with a STAR-V radio, which along with the ETC and a gun display unit make it compatible with the Indian Army’s Shakti Artillery Combat Command & Control System (ACCCS) that automates artillery operations in a network-centric environment.
  • The use of AGAPS along with electro-hydraulics suited for auto gun laying enables the Dhanush to be aimed at a target much faster than the FH-77B, once targeting data is available. This means that the Dhanush can better utilise enemy gun location data provided by the Swathi Weapon Locating Radar (WLR) and drones used by search and target acquisition (SATA) units of the Artillery Corps. It has been developed by Ordnance Factory Board (OFB), Kolkata based on requirements of Indian Army and manufactured by Jabalpur-based Gun Carriage Factory(GCF)

MCQ 5

  1. PFC has become second-largest government-owned financial player in the country based on the current market capital after Reserve Bank of India (RBI
  2. ) 2. PFC is also the nodal agency for the implementation of the ambitious Ultra Mega Power Plants (UMPPs)

Choose correct

(A)Only 1

(B)Only 2

(C)Both

(D)None

  • Is an Indian financial institution. Established in 1986, it is the financial back bone of Indian Power Sector. PFC's Net worth as on 30th September 2018 is INR 38,274 Crore . PFC is the 8th highest profit making CPSE as per the Department of Public Enterprises Survey for FY 2017- 18. REC Limited, formerly Rural Electrification Corporation Limited, is a public Infrastructure Finance Company in India’s power sector. The company is a Public Sector Undertaking and finances and promotes rural electrification projects across India. The company provides loans to Central/ State Sector Power Utilities in the country, State Electricity Boards, Rural Electric Cooperatives, NGOs and Private Power Developers.
  • State-owned Power Finance Corporation (PFC) on Thursday completed the acquisition of majority stake in REC Ltd by transferring Rs 14,500 crore to the government, an official said.
  • The transaction has helped the government meet its disinvestment target of Rs 80,000 crore for the current financial year.
  • "The entire consideration of Rs 14,500 crore for acquiring 52.63 per cent equity of the Government of India in REC is paid by PFC through RTGS (real-time gross settlement) mode this morning," the official told PTI.
  • The money has been transferred into the government's account online.
  • PFC has raised money from Bank of Baroda, Life Insurance Corporation and State Bank of India, among others, to make the payment.
  • This deal was in pursuance to the in-principle approval from the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs for strategic sale of 52.63 per cent of paid-up equity shareholding of REC held by the government to PFC, along with the transfer of management control.
  • Both PFC and REC are navratna central public sector enterprises with a combined annual revenue of about Rs 50,000 crore and this acquisition is a step towards consolidation of companies operating in the same space.