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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 02 October 2020

Constraining critique

  • The role played by human rights organisations in documenting and questioning state functioning and excesses is a necessary component of civil society activism, which enhances democracy by securing accountability.
  • Amnesty International - Nobel Peace Prize in 1977
  • India freezed its bank account
  • Amnesty’s critical reporting of decisions such as the abrogation of special status for Jammu and Kashmir in 2019.
  • Globally – Amnesty has stood for....
  • Amnesty - raised financial resources lawfully
  • Constructive critique – healthy for democracy
  • Central governments in India have consistently registered discomfort with critical civil society organisations over the years.
  • Amendments to the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Amendment Act
  • Non-governmental organisations will continue to have a role to play in the story of India.

Choking The NGO Sector

  • The passing of Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Amendment Bill, 2020, in both Houses of Parliament.
  • Timing - Unprecedented pandemic - civil society has played a stellar role in reaching out and supporting millions of poor Indians by providing food, clothing, shelter, transportation and other basic necessities.
  • The Bill proposed 4 major changes.
  1. It restricted any FCRA organisation which receives the money from onwards distribution to even other FCRA organisations.
  2. Restricting administrative expenses to 20%.
  3. Every FCRA organisation should have their FCRA bank account in a single Delhi branch of SBI.
  4. Enhancement of power of the investigative officers and government officials in the name of time for inquiry.
  • Civil society plays the role of permanent opposition by consistently holding power to account from the perspective of the most marginalised and feeble voices.
  • Successive governments have been extremely wary of this role of civil society and it is reflected in even the initial framing of FCRA law by Indira Gandhi and amendments later by Manmohan Singh government in 2011.
  • The primary reason given by the minister of state responding to questions of opposition MPs was that the Bill sought to bring greater accountability to the sector.
  • However, he did not give any evidence to demonstrate lack of accountability of the FCRA money.
  • FCRA organisation needed a FCRA number or prior permission to receive money from a foreign source.........
  • Investing them for religious conversions.....

Remembering Gandhi

  • This day, every year, we remember the greatness of Mahatma Gandhi – apostle of non-violence.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi themed the Swachh Bharat Mission on Gandhi.
  • A decade before that the UPA invoked him for MGNREGA.
  • Yet the tensions between Gandhian ideals and application of draconian laws raise increasingly disturbing questions.
  • Gandhi’s legacy of non-violent protest continues to echo across India, despite strong crackdowns.
  • Gandhi opposed sedition laws all his life.
  • A more recent misuse involves the National Security Act and Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act.
  • NSA is to be clamped only sparingly, for an unmanageably strong threat to public order.
  • UAPA is India’s sword arm against terrorism.
  • But its use against activists, most recently anti-CAA protesters, undermines its credibility.
  • Sharjeel accused of inciting anti-CAA “chakka jams” – a form of protest that’s routinely wielded by political outfits across India.
  • Chargesheet - cites as evidence of his radicalisation his reading of political scientist Paul R Brass, while mentioning disapprovingly Brass’s conclusion that communal violence must be understood as the work of organised groups rather than spontaneous outbreaks of passion.
  1. Reading academic works about riots doesn’t make one a rioter.
  2. Seeing riots as a spontaneous outbreak of passions is the more radical point of view, rather than the debunking of such a notion.
  • Likewise, Narcotics Control Bureau claiming Rhea Chakraborty’s alleged crime is worse than murder is redolent of moral policing.
  • If allegedly procuring ganja is so abhorrent, recall its legality between the dawn of civilisation and 1985 when NDPS Act wasn’t law yet.
  • Exaggerating threats of Bollywood immorality or shutting down Amnesty International could cramp India’s soft power, at a time when a weak economy is widening its hard power deficit against Chinese machinations.
  • Beyond paying tributes to Gandhi, our netas must adhere to his belief in empowering citizens.
  • Using laws to liberate citizens, as in the recent farm reforms, is the way to go.

The Mahatma as an intercultural Indian | TH

  • There is a tendency in today’s world to think and to say that Gandhi’s ideal of non-violence is a noble idea but impractical and unrealistic.
  • Gandhi was not a saint; nor was he a religious leader.
  • He was, first and foremost, an original thinker and an acute political strategist, who believed profoundly in the possibility of introducing humanity to the principle of non-violence.
  • Influenced by Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism, and as a person who was deeply influenced by the teachings of Jesus Christ, Socrates, Tolstoy, Ruskin and Thoreau.
  • His proximity to the East and the West proved to be very fruitful and made of him, what we can call, “an intercultural Indian”.
  • As such, with Gandhi, the philosophy of non-violence turned into an instrument of public dissent and a pragmatic tool of the powerless against the powerful.
  • What Gandhi called the “soul force” was actually an ethical mode of conduct.
  • As a matter of fact, he viewed non-violence essentially as an ethical commitment and a constructive political action.
  • Therefore, for him, the struggle against violence and fanaticism was at the same moral level as disobeying unjust laws: it was expressed by the soul force and the pursuit of truth to uplift others.
  • An inter-cultural democracy, where solidarity of differences is not compromised by mere nationalism, and democratic action is not limited by mere constitutionalism and representation.
  • On the social level, Gandhi envisioned an ideal society where social justice is done, including for the last person.
  • The main aim was to restructure humans to suit to an inter-cultural and pluri-dimensional democracy.
  • Gandhi’s repeated emphasis on service to all human beings from all traditions of thought was the essence of his non-violent democratic theory.
  • Religion for him is identified with ethics rather than theology.
  • Therefore, his concept of democracy and modes and methods of achieving it, including Satyagraha and Swaraj, are not theological concepts.
  • Gandhi’s appeal to planetary companionship was based on an inclusive and dialogical idea of living together which disapproved all forms of national or religious self-centredness.

Opportunity Here? | ToI

  • India and China held the fifth round of diplomatic talks on the LAC standoff and again agreed on the need to implement a consensus to disengage from the friction points in eastern Ladakh.
  • There are no signs yet that the Chinese are willing to disengage from the intruded sites at Pangong Tso and Depsang Plains.
  • Nevertheless, Beijing’s invocation of the 1959 LAC, as referenced by former Chinese premier Zhou Enlai to former prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru that year, is an interesting one that’s worth following up on.

  • The 1959 LAC could be a reasonable starting point for the border demarcation process.
  • In its original iteration it was proposed that the armed forces of India and China each withdraw 20km from the McMahon Line in the east, and from the line up to which each side exercises actual control in the west.
  • This would settle the border as it actually exists on the ground with minor adjustments.
  • India has rejected this position saying it never accepted the unilaterally declared 1959 LAC by China.
  • This is of course diplomatically correct.
  • New Delhi doesn’t know whether Beijing’s new enthusiasm for the 1959 LAC is genuine or just another ruse to consolidate territorial gains it has made this time around, with more salami slicing tactics to come in the future.
  • China has opened too many international fronts simultaneously, and may be feeling the heat.
  • The possibility that it may be willing to settle matters with New Delhi shouldn’t be left unexplored.

A strategic dealing with China | TH

  • Instead of taking knee-jerk, retaliatory decisions against China following border flare-ups, India should consider joining the rest of the world in reining in China and calling it out for its worst excesses.
  • Chinese venture capitalists have poured in more than $8 billion into some of India’s most successful startups.
  • China supplies many goods and services that India needs, and will continue to need.
  • The economic situation is not going to get any better over the next few quarters unless India takes pragmatic steps to overcome these challenges.
  • On the economic front, India must re-engage with China economically even as it confronts it militarily.
  • China claims Taiwan as its own territory and sometimes threatens invasion.
  • But China remains the top destination for Taiwan’s exports and outbound investment.
  • Trade between the China and Taiwan has remained strong over the past four years.
  • The Taiwanese firm Foxconn, for instance, makes almost all the iPhones that the world buys from factories in China.
  • Tensions simmer between China and the its largest trading partner, the U.S., but that doesn’t stop China from continuing to do business with the U.S.
  • Tesla’s massive car and battery plants are coming up in China and American farmers still sell soya to China.
  • China’s ambitious BRI is a vision that is being realised in quick time.
  • The Brookings Policy Brief of May 2020 titled ‘India’s limited trade connectivity with South Asia 2020’ details how “after 2005, China has consistently increased its trade with South Asia”.
  • India should listen to these voices and not react in a knee-jerk manner with China.

NEWS

  • Nation pays homage to Mahatma Gandhi on his 151st birth anniversary today
  • Govt assures farmers of consistent hike in Minimum Support Price of crops
  • PM Modi to inaugurate VAIBHAV Summit through video conferencing

  • Railways to run 200 special trains from Oct 15 in view of festive season
  • GST collection during Sep touches six month high; indicates recovery in economic activities
  • DRDO successfully test fires Laser Guided Anti Tank Guided Missile
  • Arjun Munda to launch largest market of tribal products ‘Tribes India E-Marketplace’
  • CCS approves proposal for establishment of ASCON Phase IV Network
  • 2 soldiers martyred, 4 injured in unprovoked ceasefire violation by Pakistan in J&K’s Kupwara
  • India, Myanmar review entire gamut of bilateral relations during 19th round of Foreign Office Consultations
  • Hong Kong Police arrests 69 people for illegal gathering on China’s National Day