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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 02 March 2021
  • Purgatorius
  • F-15E
  • Channapatna Toys
  • July 29, 1957
  • Digipub News India Foundation

Q.) Who is Myanmar’s ambassador to UN?

  1. Kyaw Moe Tun
  2. Wunna Muang Lwin
  3. General Mya Tun Do
  4. Khin Maung Yee

Q.) ______ protected Mars from stripping effect of the solar wind?

  1. Ionosphere
  2. Heliosphere
  3. Thermosphere
  4. Magnetosphere

Q.) The wildlife wing of the Himachal Pradesh Forest Department commenced the snow leopard enumeration project in _____ year?

  1. 2017
  2. 2018
  3. 2019
  4. 2020

Q.) Which nation has approved single dose Covid-19 vaccine of Johnson & Johnson?

  1. UK
  2. France
  3. India
  4. USA

Q.) Italy’s city of Pompeii was buried in boiling lava when _______ erupted in 79 AD

  1. Monte Vulture
  2. Phlegraean Fields
  3. Mount Vesuvius
  4. Mount Etna

Cold comfort

  • Paris-based 39-member Financial Action Task Force kept Pakistan in GREY LIST
  • FATF gives Pak 3 months to finish its committments
  • FATF President Marcus Pleyer: had three remaining points of the 27 that were only partially addressed
  • Demonstrating terror-funding prosecution is accurate, effective and dissuasive
  • Thoroughly implementing financial sanctions against all terrorists designated by the UN Security Council, which include LeT founder Hafiz Saeed, JeM chief Masood Azhar, other leaders of terror groups in Pakistan, and those belonging to al Qaeda.
  • Pakistan’s former Interior Minister Rehman Malik said FATF should be taken to The Hague
  • Pakistan has lost $38 billion because of its time on the grey list (2008-2015 and 2018-the present).
  • Mr. Pleyer advised Pakistan to complete the remaining tasks by June 2021, when the FATF will meet again to vote on the issue.
  • The decision of the Directors General of Military Operations, also on Thursday, to strictly observe the ceasefire agreement at the LoC.
  • Revelations in the media, which have not been contradicted by the government, that National Security Adviser Ajit Doval has been in touch with senior officials including the Pakistan Army Chief

The vital but delicate task of reviving the Iran deal

  • Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA, or the Iran nuclear deal) is the most challenging Foreing Policy point for Biden Admin.
  • Former U.S. President Barack Obama described the JCPOA as his greatest diplomatic success.
  • Donald Trump unilaterally discarded it

  • The U.S. decision was criticised by all other parties to the JCPOA (including the European allies) because Iran was in compliance with its obligations, as certified by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
  • Finally, in January 2020, following the drone strike on Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps commander Gen. Qasem Soleiman, Tehran announced that it would no longer observe the JCPOA’s restraints, though its cooperation with the IAEA would continue.
  • By end-2020, the U.S. had imposed nearly 80 rounds of sanctions targeting close to 1,500 individuals and entities.
  • COVID-19: 1.6 million infections and more than 60,000 deaths
  • The Iranian economy contracted by 7% in 2019 and another 6% in 2020.
  • Last November, Mohsen Fakhrizadeh, a senior nuclear scientist and head of the Research and Innovation Organisation in the Iranian Defence Ministry was killed outside Tehran in a terrorist attack amid rumours of external intelligence agencies’ involvement.
  • Clearly, Mr. Trump’s policy may have provided comfort to Israel’s leader Benjamin Netanyahu and Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, but it failed to bring Iran back to the negotiating table and only strengthened the hardliners.
  • The E-3’s promised relief Instrument in Support of Trade Exchanges (INSTEX), created in 2019 to facilitate limited trade with Iran has been a disappointment
  • Moreover, Iranian elections are due in June and it is likely that President Hassan Rouhani’s successor may not be from the ‘moderate’ camp.
  • The Biden administration has made a good start by appointing Robert Malley as the U.S. Special Envoy for Iran but he will need help.
  • Release of European and American nationals currently in custody in Iran would help.
  • Clearing Iran’s applications to the International Monetary Fund for COVID-19 relief and for supply of vaccines under the international COVAX facility can be done relatively easily.
  • Brussels has long wanted to be taken seriously as an independent foreign policy actor; it now has the opportunity to take a lead role.

Master and the roster

  • The singular power of the CJI as the Master of the Roster – i.e., the vesting of exclusive discretion in the Chief Justice to constitute benches and allocate cases.
  • It enabled Justice Gogoi to institute suo motu proceedings despite being an accused; label the case as a matter of judicial independence; and preside over it.
  • The Master of the Roster power makes the CJI’s office a high stakes one.
  • It makes the CJI the sole point of defence of the Court against executive interference.
  • With the CJI as the sole Master of the Roster, any executive seeking to influence the Supreme Court needs only a pliant CJI.
  • In other words, a pliant Master of the Roster carries the danger of producing a pliant Court.
  • However, B.R. Ambedkar had forewarned the Constituent Assembly: “…after all, the Chief Justice is a man with all the failings, all the sentiments and all the prejudices which we as common people have”.
  • In Asok Pande v. Supreme Court of India (2018), a three-judge bench of the Court held that Master of the Roster is the CJI’s exclusive power.
  • Thereafter, a two-judge bench in Shanti Bhushan v. Supreme Court of India (2018) rejected the plea that the Master of the Roster should be interpreted as the collegium.
  • Therefore, while the CJI’s other powers such as recommending appointments to constitutional courts are shared with other senior judges, the power of Master of the Roster is enjoyed without scrutiny.
  • When Indira Gandhi as Prime Minister ordered punitive transfers of High Court judges and superseded judges to appoint the CJI, the Supreme Court formulated the collegium system in response.
  • However, this system has failed to keep executive interferences at bay from the Supreme Court.
    1. As Justice Gogoi’s case shows, there is an attractive lure of post-retirement jobs
    2. As the privilege of Master of the Roster shows, the CJI’s allocation of cases is an unchecked power.
  • A cooling-off period between retirement and a post-retirement appointment has often been suggested as a way to deal with the first problem.
  • For the second, the power of Master of the Roster needs to be diversified beyond the CJI’s exclusive and untrammelled discretion.

FYI, PLI is Having the Right Effect | ET

  • The production-linked incentive (PLI) scheme to galvanise investments into manufacturing and exports has been a thumping success.
  • The scheme will have GoI distribute $20 billion among eligible manufacturers, and is aimed at remunerating manufacturers for increasing total output incrementally, either for the Indian market or for exports.
  • It will also help foreign companies invest or expand in India, and every new unit they produce will earn them an incentive to expand further.
  • In the process, more job opportunities will be created.
  • GoI, too, will earn extra goods and services (GST) revenues, a net gain estimated at ₹65,000 crore in mobiles and telecom equipment alone over five years.
  • GoI had announced the PLI scheme in July 2020 for mobile manufacturing, materials/bulk drugs and medical devices production with a total financial outlay of ₹51,311 crore for five years.
  • Later, in November 2020, the scheme was expanded for 10 new sectors with an outlay of ₹1,45,980 crore.
  • Incentive has been extended from 4% to 6% on incremental sales over the base year for five years.
  • It will enhance India’s manufacturing competitiveness vis-à-vis its peers, result in import substitution, export promotion, cost competitiveness, help infuse new technologies, boost foreign direct investment (FDI), create gainful employment for millions and stimulate MSMEs.
  • India is also readying a ₹5,000 crore PLI scheme for wearable devices like smartwatches
  • The PLI scheme is likely to make India an integral part of the global supply chain.
  • Much of the action for implementation of various projects will have to involve state governments, so that the scheme is taken fuller advantage of in the states.
  • State-level reforms may be needed to create better infrastructure and logistics, and to provide cheaper power.
  • Total production of phones over a period of five years from FY2021 onwards would be worth ₹10.5 lakh crore, with exports worth an estimated ₹6.5 lakh crore and domestic sales of ₹4 lakh crore.
  • The future of investment and manufacturing looks good in India.

NEWS

  • PM Modi to inaugurate Maritime India Summit-2021 today
  • PM says empowering small farmers is central to govt's vision
  • Notifications for first phase of assembly elections to be issued today in West Bengal and Assam
  • Counting of votes for local body polls underway in Gujarat
  • India sees highest number of single-day passengers since resumption of flights in May
  • Telecom spectrum auction receives winning bids worth Rs. 77,146 crore till 6 pm: Ravi Shankar Prasad
  • Housing and Urban Affairs Ministry launches field assessment of Swachh Survekshan -2021
  • India to send consignment of 1,000 metric tonnes of rice & one lakh tablets of HCQ to Madagascar
  • 45th Civil Accounts Day celebrated in New Delhi today
  • Union Education Minister chairs review meeting on Rashtriya Ucchtar Shiksha Abhiyan
  • Union Ministers of State for Agriculture inaugurate professional training programmes
  • Israel officially receives first ever UAE ambassador
  • WTO urges member states to license more COVID-19 vaccine manufacturing in developing countries
  • US Special Envoy to Afghanistan holds talks with Afghanistan’s Abdullah Abdullah in Kabul
  • COVID vaccination will be absolutely free in Bihar: CM Nitish Kumar
  • PM Jan Aushadhi Kendra inaugurated at District Hospital, Kargil