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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 28 June 2021

NEWS

  • PM Modi urges people to overcome vaccine hesitancy; appeals not to lower the guard
  • PM says water conservation is equal to national service; urges people to focus on rainwater harvesting during this monsoon
  • PM calls upon people to encourage Olympic-bound players & cheer them on hashtag #Cheer4India
  • Covid-19 recovery rate improves to 96.75%; more than 32.17 crore vaccine doses administered so far
  • Jammu Police averts major terror attack by Lashkar-e-Taiba operative
  • Vice President M. Venkaiah Naidu stresses on need for people’s movement to preserve languages
  • IAF Chief RKS Bhadauria speaks to two IAF personnel injured in Jammu explosions
  • Union Ministers Mansukh Mandaviya & G. Kishan Reddy visit Bharat Biotech's vaccine manufacturing facility
  • INS Tabar deployed for naval exercises in Africa, Europe
  • PM Modi appeals people in Dularia village of Madhya Pradesh to get vaccinated
  • Ten cabin cruisers sink in Hong Kong marina fire
  • Bangladesh scraps 10 coal based power plants
  • Hot air balloon crash in Albuquerque kills 5 people
  • Bangladesh registers highest single day COVID deaths; public transport, shops, malls to be closed from Monday
  • Archery World Cup Stage III: Atanu Das, Deepika Kumari win gold medal in mixed recurve team event

Terror’s New Wings | ToI

  • The terror attack at Jammu airport’s IAF base failed – but not before proving drones can be an utterly dangerous threat.
  • Drones fit perfectly into Pakistan’s strategy of asymmetric warfare.
  • With enough surrogates like Lashkar and Jaish to stage such attacks from Indian soil, a drone strike gives ISI plausible deniability, and therefore lowers the risk of across-the-border retaliation by India.
  • Every peace initiative in the Valley engenders a terror response.
  • The attack on Aramco’s oil processing facilities in Saudi Arabia by Iran-backed Houthi rebels in September 2019.
  • Punjab police recovered two crashed drones near the international border.
  • High-tech solutions that can pre-empt the threat from the skies are a global work-in-progress.
  • Developing offensive capabilities like swarm drones is just as important for deterrence.
  • In March, GoI had notified the Unmanned Aircraft System Rules that allowed large- and medium-sized drones to deliver goods with a host of security restrictions.

Very Very Inconvenienced | ToI

  • President Ram Nath Kovind has sent condolences to Vandana Mishra’s family, after her death in Kanpur late Friday night, when the car carrying her to hospital was stopped for the presidential convoy to pass.
  • VVIP convoys have become yet another manifestation of a political and administrative culture where public servants’ self-esteem depends on the distance they can maintain from the public.
  • Police are overzealous because they respond to a system where public inconvenience is extremely low priority.
  • VVIP convoys in Indian cities are particularly unwelcome.
  • Most cities suffer terrible traffic congestion – in Mumbai it is estimated that a trip takes about 53% more time than it should, in Bengaluru 51%, and in New Delhi 47%.
  • There was hope following the 2017 Union Cabinet decision to end the lal batti raj.
  • But long snaking VVIP convoys aren’t part of this change.
  • And MLAs from Haryana to Himachal Pradesh have tried to retain traffic privileges with flags atop their vehicles.
  • In New Zealand, when the PM’s motorcade was caught over the speed limit, it was fined for dangerous driving.
  • In Scandinavian countries, far from reserving a faster lane for themselves, netas take public transport shoulder to shoulder with citizens.
  • This is the direction our democracy must take too.
  • For VVIP protection, the state must deploy smarter security arrangements, and nix those convoys.
  • When public servants are driven, let the public not be driven to despair, or worse.

The power of an apology | TH

  • In May, Germany officially apologised to Namibia for the massacre of the Herero and Nama people in 1904-1908 and called it a genocide for the first time.
  • Around the same time, French President Emmanuel Macron said in Rwanda that he recognised his country’s role in the Rwandan genocide and hoped for forgiveness.
  • Apart from strengthening the relations between the countries involved, apologies by leaders help people reconcile with the past and countries and communities take lessons from history and avoid similar tragedies.
  • Most importantly, they provide some solace to the victimsdescendants; they give them a sense of justice and rectitude.
  • Herero activists insist that the development aid offered by the German authorities is not enough and is generic in nature.
  • According to them, the descendants of the genocide’s victims should receive a tangible compensation, primarily in the form of land property that had been taken away by the German colonisers.
  • Unlike Germany and France, Turkey has been in constant denial of the Armenian genocide during World War I.
  • In April 2021, the Turkish President went as far as condemning the recognition of the genocide by the newly elected American President, Joe Biden.
  • This strained bilateral relations between Turkey and the U.S. even further.
  • The Canadian Prime Minister, Justin Trudeau, has a propensity for apologies.
  • In 2016, Mr. Trudeau apologised before the descendants of passengers of the Komagata Maru ship.
  • In 1914, the Canadian government of the day had decided to turn away the ship carrying South Asian migrants, mostly Sikhs.
  • The ship was forced to return to India.
  • Back home, the British suspected the passengers to be revolutionaries and an altercation began.
  • Many passengers were shot dead.
  • In 2018, Mr. Trudeau apologised for his country’s role in turning away a ship carrying over 900 Jewish refugees fleeing Nazi persecution.
  • Such apologies require courage, good will, compassion, and humility.
  • It is not an easy task to apologise, given that one has to do so for events that took place decades or even a century ago.
  • Arguably, a sense of humility is a rare phenomenon in contemporary geopolitics.
  • We are witnessing a re-emergence of political leaders, from Nicaragua to Myanmar, who are ready to resort to any means in order to remain in power.
  • In this environment, apologetic voices become even more precious as they help us reconcile with tragic events of the past and remove the stains of history.
  • In this sense, to be a pillar of the multipolar world is not to be a military power, manufacturing and/or financial hub, and/or a global investor alone.
  • Countries that strive for global leadership should be able to provide moral leadership as well.
  • This includes critical self-reflection, humility, compassion, and care not only towards their own people, but also towards the most vulnerable communities around the world.

Another shade of grey | TH

  • Pakistan’s hopes of being let off the Financial Action Task Force’s grey list were dashed once again, as the 39-member grouping decided to keep it on the list, and even add more tasks.
  • Eventually, Pakistan missed the mark by one crucial action point out of 27 — being judged deficient in prosecuting the senior leadership of UN-proscribed terror groups.
  • The FATF works closely with the UN Security Council’s listings of terror groups as it evaluates countries on their efforts in anti-money laundering/countering the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT)
  • Pakistan’s failure to convict JeM chief Masood Azhar and others appeared to tip the balance against it.
  • Pakistan, which was on the FATF’s “increased monitoring lists” from 2009-2015, was taken off the grey list in 2015 in a similar manner (before it was relisted in 2018).
  • For India, Pakistan’s continuance on the list is some comfort, even as it awaits true justice delivered to leaders of groups such as the LeT and JeM for attacks, including Mumbai 26/11, Parliament (2001) Pathankot and Pulwama, and not just terror financing.

Caution and optimism | TH

  • India, with the second highest number of cases globally and third highest deaths, is seeing about 50,000 cases being added every day.
  • Though on a decline, the second wave is far from over and several States are relaxing lockdown restrictions, which, experts say, may be seeding the ground for a potential third wave.
  • In this context, a mathematical modelling study led by the scientists at the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and the Imperial College London, shows a wary optimism.
  • Will a potential third wave be as devastating as the second, the scientists attempt to find out, and their answer is ‘no’.
  • A third wave could be significantly buffered by expanding vaccination.
  • Were vaccines to be rolled out in a way to cover 40% of the population, with two doses until August, it could reduce symptomatic incidence by around 55%.
  • Less than 20% of Indians have got at least one dose of the vaccine and only 4% fully vaccinated.
  • The Centre proposes to vaccinate all adults — about 94.4 crore — by the year end.
  • None of India’s eminent institutions, in the early part of the year, forecast the scale and intensity of the second wave.
  • There is also the vexing matter of breakthrough infections, that is those contracting the infection in spite of being vaccinated.
  • Sporadic studies in India suggest that this percentage of infection is small, though there is still no clarity on the real-world effectiveness of vaccines in the light of variants such as Delta and Delta Plus.
  • There is also, so far, no theoretical limit on how infectious the coronavirus can become.
  • The ICMR’s analysis thus should not be taken as a forecast but rather a guidance and a reminder that along with vaccination, masks, avoiding crowds and physical distancing will remain the main defence against the virus for the foreseeable future.

ANS

Q.)India’s top 3 exports to Africa are mineral fuels and oils (processed petroleum products), pharmaceutical products and _______?

  1. Silk
  2. Coffee
  3. Vehicles
  4. Tea

Q.) Ivan Duque is the President of which country?

  1. Venezuela
  2. Chile
  3. Portugal
  4. Colombia