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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 26 June 2021

NEWS

  • Centre asks seven States, J&K to step up containment measures to prevent spread of Delta plus variant of Corona
  • More than 31.43 crore doses of Covid vaccine administered so far; Recovery rate improves to 96.7 pct
  • SC panel says Delhi govt inflated Oxygen demand four times during peak of second wave of COVID-19
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi to share his thoughts in Mann Ki Baat programme at 11 AM tomorrow
  • Government extends deadline for linking of PAN with Aadhaar till September 30
  • Government launches e-filing portal of Income Tax Appellate Tribunal, itat e-dwar
  • DRDO successfully test-fires enhanced Pinaka rocket off Odisha coast
  • MIB Prakash Javadekar relaunches IIMC’s research Journals, Communicator & Sanchar Madhyam
  • EAM S Jaishankar reaches Greece on a two day visit
  • Pakistan continues to be on grey list of anti-terror financial watchdog FATF
  • Rise in COVID-19 infection: Bangladesh govt announces to impose strict lockdown from Monday
  • Death toll in Miami condo building collapse rises to 4
  • Britain reports 35,204 Covid-19 cases of Delta variant last week
  • Afghan President Ashraf Ghani, Abdullah Abdullah meet US Defence Secretary at Pentagon

FINANCIAL NEWS

  • Twitter Denies Access to RS Prasad for an Hour
    • Electronics and IT minister Ravi Shankar Prasad said Twitter denied him access to his account for about an hour on Friday, alleging violation of US copyright laws.
    • He claimed that his statements criticising the microblogging platform on television channels for noncompliance with India’s IT rules had “ruffled feathers” of the Silicon Valley-based company.
    • Twitter said the move to “lock the account” stemmed from having to withhold a tweet by Prasad in 2017 after it received a complaint that the content violated the US Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA).
    • In a series of tweets, Prasad said Twitter did not provide any prior notice to him, marking an escalation in the standoff between the union government and San Francisco-headquartered company.
    • Legal experts said Twitter’s action is arbitrary and violates India’s new IT rules.
    • “Can a multinational platform like Twitter, which proclaims itself as the flag bearer of free speech, invoke American laws in India to curtail free speech of a senior minister of the Government of India,” the official asked.
  • Pakistan to Stay in FATF ‘Grey List’
    • The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) on Friday retained Pakistan on its “increased monitoring list”, also known as ‘grey list’, for failing to check money laundering, leading to terror financing, and asked Islamabad to investigate and prosecute senior leaders and commanders of UN-designated terror groups, including Hafiz Saeed and Masood Azhar.
    • The global body against money laundering and terror financing also asked Pakistan to work to address its strategically-important deficiencies.
    • FATF president Marcus Pleyer said the decision has been taken at the conclusion of the virtual plenary of the Paris-based organisation.
    • Noting that Pakistan has now completed 26 of the 27 action items given to it in 2018, Pleyer said the FATF has asked Pakistan to take action against UN designated terrorists.
  • Way Behind EV Targets, Govt Extends FAME-II Scheme by 2 Yrs
    • The Department of Heavy Industries on Friday announced the extension of the government’s flagship electric vehicles promotion scheme by a period of two years till March 2024.
    • The Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric Vehicles in India Phase II (FAME-II) scheme, which has a financial outlay of ₹10,000 crore, to promote EVs by extending buyer subsidies, was first announced as a three-year programme effective from April 2019.
    • The circular did not mention any change in the financial allocation to the scheme.
    • The project has fallen behind its targets and only a fraction of the intended number of EVs have been sold under the programme so far. About 78,000 EVs in total have been sold under the scheme, as per the FAME-II website, against the intended target of 1 million electric two-wheelers, 500,000 three-wheelers, 55,000 cars and 7,000 buses.
    • “This will allow the EV industry more time to extend the benefits to customers,” said Sohinder Gill, director-general of EV industry lobby Society of Manufacturers of Electric Vehicles.

Prepare the ground for a ‘Naya J&K’ | TH

  • It is too early to conclude whether the all-party meeting held at Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s residence to reduce the trust deficit between New Delhi and the leaders of Jammu and Kashmir will succeed in building the foundations of a ‘Naya Jammu and Kashmir’.
  • Anyone who has studied New Delhi policies since the troubles of the 1990s will recognise that the Centre’s policies on Jammu and Kashmir rarely shift under international pressure.

  • Prime Minister P.V. Narasimha Rao’s fragile coalition, within an economically precarious India, refused to concede ground in any substantial measure.
  • Moreover, any backchannel that exists between India and Pakistan that led to a successful ceasefire on the Line of Control is reflective much more of Rawalpindi’s own internal fault lines and problems on multiple fronts, than any real concession toward India.
  • The popular press, once a source of anxiety for the establishment, has either been arm-twisted into projecting good news or found it pragmatic to do so given the scrutiny of central law enforcement agencies on almost every private institution of importance and influence in the Union Territory.
  • The state of delivery of public service has not improved significantly nor has promised investment from corporate groups translated into reality.
  • The elections to the District Development Council demonstrated that the Bharatiya Janata Party, the National Conference, the Congress, Peoples Democratic Party, People’s Conference and the Apni Party — all of whom relied on the political leaders of the so-called Ancien Régime — still had a significant constituency amongst the voters of the State.
  • Twenty-first century governance and empowerment requires a federal solution that is contemporary and built on best practices globally.
  • The fresh consensus for a ‘NayaJammu and Kashmir must capture the best practices of democratic governance globally, especially from a country such as Australia which I know best, and yet be reflective of the idea of India: a celebration of diversity in all its forms.
  • The challenge before Jammu and Kashmir’s leaders, old and new, is to arrive at a compelling blueprint for good governance within a framework of healthy federal relations that will be rooted in a vision for peace, prosperity and real empowerment.

Future State | TH

  • Political leaders from Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) who attended a meeting called by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Thursday came away with a sense of optimism: restoration of Statehood is somewhere on the horizon, even if a total reversal of the withdrawal of the special status remains unlikely.
  • The meeting itself was a surprise, and came at a time when expectations of any quick resolution were very low.
  • But the fact that a spectrum of political leaders got the invitation from the Centre without any set pre-conditions had raised hopes of progress.
  • Mr. Modi described the meeting as an “important step in the ongoing efforts towards a developed and progressive J&K”.
  • As Mr. Modi argued, the focus must be on the future, but this will have to be built on the trust and cooperation of the people of J&K.

Maharashtra – waterfalls | FPJ

  • Sadly, rejuvenation in the rains has been ruled out this year, not really because of the pandemic but because the authorities don’t want any drowning cases.
  • In fact, several waterfalls and lakes around Mumbai have been out of bounds for a couple of years for this reason.
  • On June 8, the collector of Thane district, which has all the picnic spots around Mumbai, banned gatherings near waterfalls, lakes and dams to “prevent accidents at water bodies in the region”.
  • Pandavkada waterfalls, which drain into a vast empty plain, can easily be developed into a tourist attraction on the lines of the Jog falls (253m) in Karnataka or the Dudhsagar falls (310m) on the Goa-Karnataka border.
  • The tallest plunge waterfall in India though, is the Nohkalikai falls (340m) near Cherrapunji in Meghalaya.
  • The scenic Malshej Ghat, on the border of Thane and Pune districts, with its numerous waterfalls is also out of bounds.
  • Earlier this week, four youngsters drowned in two days at Nilapani Lake in the Yeoor range of the Sanjay Gandhi National Park in Thane.
  • The local police have now written to the forest department, seeking measures to stop people from entering the lake.
  • Do we stop travelling by local trains in Mumbai although we know that four commuters fall off and die every day?
  • Monsoon treks are the only time city folks have a communion with nature.
  • With a little bit of effort – scout camps, school/college trips led by botanists -- they can be introduced to the unique flora and fauna of the region.
  • The Western Ghats – a World Natural Heritage hotspot – are an enchanted forest in the rains, with the pink flowers of the wild turmeric, lilies, orchids, flowers that stink of rotting flesh, ant hills, giant spiders, huge moths, butterflies, land crabs, tree frogs...
  • The Western Ghats have an estimated 5,000 species of flowering plants, 139 mammal species, 508 bird species and 325 globally endangered species.
  • The irony is that while entry to waterfalls is banned, illegal quarrying, open cast mines, sand dredging, hooch stills, poaching and encroachment are in full swing.
  • Popular waterfalls, lakes, river rafting, forest trails, mountain treks etc should be brought under the purview of the tourism department, which will then liaise with the forest and the meteorological departments and the police.
  • For weekend getaways such as Bhushi dam and Karjat’s Bhivpuri Falls, thronged by nearly 10,000 revellers during weekends, an e-pass could be introduced to regulate the numbers.
  • Regular weather updates and basic safety tips can be put up on the official website, local youth trained as guides/lifeguards and guards stationed at entry points to prevent revellers from carrying liquor or plastic into the forest.
  • A nominal fee can be charged for entry and for services such as parking, restrooms, changing rooms and first aid.
  • The locals can also benefit by putting up eateries and selling local forest produce.
  • Himachal Pradesh has been doing it since ages.
  • PM Modi spoke about employment generation through local tourism but governments still need to be prodded by the courts.
  • Lifeguards were deployed at Mumbai’s beaches in 2006 only after a high court order.
  • In Goa, the 700 lifeguards and beach marshals of Drishti Lifesaving hired by the tourism department since 2008 have led to a 99 per cent reduction in deaths due to drowning and significantly improved the tourist experience in Goa.

MCQs

Q.) India’s top 3 exports to Africa are mineral fuels and oils (processed petroleum products), pharmaceutical products and _______?

  1. Silk
  2. Coffee
  3. Vehicles
  4. Tea