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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 25 May 2021

NEWS

  • Home Minister Amit Shah holds meeting to review preparations in view of Cyclone Yaas
  • More than 100 teams of NDRF deployed in 5 states and 1 UT
  • National COVID-19 recovery rate improves to 88.7 per cent
  • More than 19.60 crore vaccine doses administered to beneficiaries till now
  • Over 21.80 crore vaccine doses given to States and UTs by Centre so far
  • Domestic production of Amphotericin-B and Remdesivir being ramped up in wake of COVID-19
  • Govt to give assistance of Rs 1500 to each Transgender person in view of COVID-19 pandemic
  • Over 16,000 tonnes of Liquid Medical Oxygen delivered to 14 states across country so far
  • On-site registration for 18-44 years age group now enabled on CoWin
  • PM Modi to share his thoughts in 'Mann Ki Baat' programme on May 30
  • India and Israel sign three-year work program for cooperation in agriculture
  • Former Myanmar State Counsellor Aung Saan Suu Kyi appears in court in person for first time
  • WHO sets new targets for vaccinating world’s poorest countries to end scandalous inequity in vaccine distribution
  • Japan kicks off mass vaccination programme in Tokyo and Osaka, as COVID crisis worsens
  • China ignores India’s sovereignty concerns, plans to extend controversial CPEC to Afghanistan

Lawlessness In The Sky

  • A Ryanair flight from Athens, Greece, was headed towards Vilnius, Lithuania’s capital.
  • The route involved flying over Belarus which shares a border with Lithuania.
  • What’s clear is that while the plane was in Belarus airspace, the country’s ATC notified it of a potential security threat.

  • It was diverted to Minsk in Belarus.
  • The threat turned out to be false and when the jet was allowed to fly out a few hours later, not all passengers were on board.
  • Roman Protasevich, a journalist from Belarus and a critic of the country’s regime who has been living in exile for a couple of years, had been detained.
  • Ursula von der Leyen, president of the European Commission, termed it a “hijacking”.
  • President Aleksander Lukashenko of Belarus has been in office since 1994.
  • EU had imposed sanctions following the election.
  • International commercial air travel is guided by the Chicago Convention.
  • If state actors begin to sidestep these frameworks in pursuit of domestic goals, it will undermine a rules-based international order.
  • If Sunday’s action has no consequence, there is little to prevent another such incident.
  • The last two decades have seen big powers follow the path of unilateralism when it suits them.
  • That’s been contagious.

Losing time  

  • The delay in the formation of the Ministry in Puducherry does not appear to be merely because Chief Minister N. Rangasamy was indisposed for some days.
  • He took charge on May 7 before taking ill; he has now recovered from COVID-19, but there is no word on Cabinet expansion.

  • The delay is a reflection of the uneasy relationship between Mr. Rangasamy’s N.R. Congress, and its ally, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), which has been paying special attention to the Union Territory to become a major force.
  • One reason that is holding up Ministry formation is the BJP’s demand for the Deputy Chief Minister’s post and a few ministerial berths, as stated by Union Minister of State for Home Affairs G. Kishan Reddy, one of the point persons of the BJP for Puducherry.
  • However hard it may be for him, Mr. Rangasamy has to contend with the reality that the BJP’s strength in the Assembly is just one short of his party’s 10, after the nomination of the three MLAs.
  • Lieutenant Governor Tamilisai Soundararajan, on May 21, appointed K. Lakshminarayanan as the pro-tem Speaker of the Assembly, paving the way for the early swearing-in of MLAs.
  • Puducherry does need a vibrant and imaginative Health Minister to beat the virus.
  • This is also an opportunity for the N.R. Congress and the BJP to set aside their differences and show that they have genuine concern for the welfare of the people by forming the Council of Ministers at the earliest.
  • This is no time for procrastination.

Pandemonium

  • COVID-19 is a national disaster.
  • There is a national task force in place handling the pandemic centrally.
  • However, when it comes to the procurement of vaccines, it is being done in a decentralised manner, with the Centre and the States both in a race to get hold of as many doses as they can from the market, even from abroad.
  • Why is procurement not a national task being taken up by the Centre?
  • The Chief Minister of Punjab, Captain Amarinder Singh, has already said that US pharma giant Moderna has refused to supply the vaccine directly to the State, saying it deals with requests only from the Government of India and not from the States or private companies.
  • The Supreme Court a fortnight ago asked the Centre why cannot it buy 100 per cent of the requirement and why cannot the Centre follow the national immunisation programme policy with respect to the procurement of COVID-19 vaccines?
  • The control of infectious diseases falls in the Concurrent List and is, therefore, said to be a shared responsibility between the Centre and the States; that is how the former’s argument goes.
  • The vaccination, obviously, cannot stop.
  • The Centre will then be forced to retract its policy; something it can do voluntarily and without compulsion today.
  • External Affairs Minister Subrahmanyam Jaishankar’s visit to New York and Washington this week highlights the new India-US synergy between bilateral, regional and multilateral issues.
  • The three domains, viewed as separate until recently, are beginning to come together as India raises its multilateral ambitions and President Joe Biden discards America’s unilateralist impulses that came to the fore under his predecessor Donald Trump.
  • But Biden has embraced and reinforced the idea of an Indo-Pacific regional space articulated by Trump.
  • In the past, regional issues, including those in the subcontinent and broader Asia, were a major source of friction between Delhi and Washington.
  • Meanwhile, the mechanism of the Quadrilateral Security Framework, which arose out of the India-US bilateral defence cooperation and includes Japan and Australia, is emerging as a potential instrument to shape the regional architecture in the east.
  • India’s principal national challenge today — of beating back the virus by vaccinating its population — is expected to be an important part of the Jaishankar’s talks in Washington.
  • This conversation goes beyond the bilateral and has regional and global dimensions.
  • In New York, the first stop in Jaishankar’s itinerary, the ambition is to make India’s current tenure as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council count.
  • Traditionally, Indian diplomacy in Washington and New York seemed to inhabit two different planets.
  • There was so little in common between India’s bilateral goals in Washington and its global discourse in New York.
  • Today, they have begun to reinforce each other.
  • Biden has declared that Washington will not cede the top slot to Beijing under his watch.
  • He has promised extreme competition with China.
  • And this has the full support of the Republicans.
  • India finds itself in a relatively sweet spot with the Biden administration.
  • It is quite familiar with Biden, who has spent nearly five decades in Washington’s public life before becoming President.
  • Many of the key people in his administration have worked with India before.
  • That bilateral cooperation on pandemics has a natural regional dimension.
  • That was one of the main outcomes from the first meeting of the Quad leaders at the summit level in March that Biden convened.
  • Jaishankar and his American interlocutors must now plan to reboot the strategy to vaccinate the Indo-Pacific.
  • Beyond the regional, there is much that Delhi and Washington could do by pooling their resources and strategies in boosting the global resilience against the pandemics and framing new international norms to combat it.
  • Delhi, like the rest of the world, has welcomed Biden’s move to reverse Trump’s decision to walk out of the World Health Organisation.
  • During the Cold War, India and the US ended up on opposite sides of most global issues.
  • A great ideological divide limited the possibilities for international cooperation between Delhi and Washington.
  • After the Cold War, Delhi tended to rally behind Chinese and Russian positions on multilateral issues.
  • The idea that multilateralism is a natural domain for India-China cooperation took a big beating as Beijing blocked India’s entry into the Nuclear Suppliers Group and Delhi’s quest for a permanent seat at the UNSC.
  • To make matters worse, China has sought to get the UNSC intervention against India’s constitutional changes in Jammu and Kashmir.
  • It also continues to protect Islamabad from international pressure on the question of Pakistan’s continuing support for cross-border terrorism in the region.
  • It was the US that led the charge to end India’s nuclear isolation and France that took the lead in blocking China’s Kashmir moves at the UNSC.
  • In the last couple of years, Delhi has actively backed the European “Alliance for Multilateralism”.
  • Two items are at the top of this agenda — climate change and trade.
  • A conversation on the former has begun with the visit of John Kerry, Biden’s special envoy on climate change to Delhi, last month.
  • The key to success here is finding a way for the US to support India’s transition to green growth.
  • Modi and Biden are taking a fresh look at the trade theology; they are convinced that overexposure to China has hollowed out their domestic manufacturing.
  • President George W Bush (2001-09) helped transform the bilateral relationship.
  • President Barack Obama (2009-17) had begun a major conversation with India on multilateral issues, especially on climate change.
  • Trump has created the basis for regional cooperation in the Indo-Pacific.
  • The Biden moment is about making multilateralism an important part of the India-US strategic partnership.

Q.) Name the Chinese Agricultural Scientist famously known as the “Father of Hybrid Rice”, whose breakthroughs in hybrid rice brought food security to China

  1. Yuan Longping
  2. Zhong Nanshan
  3. Yin Xinzhong
  4. Yuen Kwok-yung

MCQ

Q.) Name the Indian Navy Vessel that recently brought the largest consignment of liquid medical oxygen to Vishakhapatnam from Singapore and Brunei under the ongoing Operation Samudra Setu II.

  1. INS Magar
  2. INS Jalashwa
  3. INS Airavat
  4. INS Shivalik