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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 23 September 2021

CRPF report flags leadership issues..| IE

  • The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) has an unenviable task in Chhattisgarh and other areas affected by Left Wing Extremists (LWEs).
  • CRPF performs a host of functions
    • Policing
    • Security duties
    • Counter-insurgency operations

  • Counter-insurgency operations against an adversary that consists of Indian citizens, often deeply connected to local geography, ecology and with an intimate knowledge of the terrain.
  • A CRPF review of the forces based in Chhattisgarh by senior officials has found a significant dip in the quality of operations in the Maoist-violence affected state over the last two years.
  • The involvement of senior officers at the level of commandant and second-in-command has considerably decreased.
  • Most recently, the Sukma-Bijapur ambush led to the death of 22 security personnel.
  • With over a thousand security personnel killed in the state since 2011, the paramilitary forces can ill-afford a decline in operational leadership.
  • Recently, the Justice V K Agarwal report concluded that the eight people, including four minors, killed by the CRPF’s elite CoBRA unit in Edesmetta in 2013 were civilians, and not Maoists as the force had claimed.
  • In 2019, a single-judge commission concluded that the CRPF had killed 17 people, firing unilaterally in Bijapur.
  • In both cases, the incidents were apparent “mistakes”, stemming from a failure of jawans to tell civilians and extremists apart.
  • The CRPF needs a leadership that is more empathetic to its personnel and equal to the harsh circumstances they face.
  • Equally, paramilitary forces must be sensitised to the plight of people in states like Chhattisgarh, who face the brunt of poverty, a security state and Maoist violence.

Creating citizen-centric police | IE

  • September 22 needs to be celebrated as “Police Reforms Day” because of the Supreme Court’s historic verdict on this day in 2006 in a writ petition by Prakash Singh and others.
  • The three-judge bench consisting of Justices Y K Sabharwal, C K Thakker and P K Balasubramanyan studied the “distortions and aberrations” in the functioning of the police and had given seven significant directions.
  • If implemented, they will be game-changers for the citizens of India and the police.
  • Nexus between politicians and corrupt police officers
  • Sachin Waze-Param Bir Singh-Anil Deshmukh saga
  • Free law enforcement agencies from the clutches of self-serving political leaders
  • Lack of public awareness
  • Our slumber encourages political parties to maintain the status quo
  • The court had directed the formation of Establishment Boards for unbiased postings, transfers, promotions and other service-related matters regarding police officers.
  • Security Commissions at the Centre and in states for ensure robust policy-making
  • Police personnel of nearly all the states (are) excessively over-worked
  • Establishing “complaint authorities” at district and state levels
  • If we want to ensure that criminals do not prowl fearlessly and wish to improve conviction rates, the merit of police officers should be the sole criterion for their appointment in police stations and above.
  • Small-time criminals gradually become dons due to political patronage.
  • It is in the interest of all of us to pursue police reforms vigorously and to hold Union and state governments accountable for their failure to do so.

A time to introspect | TH

  • GST Tax Council approved a flurry of changes.
  • Concessional tax rates on vital COVID-19 equipment such as oxygen concentrators will lapse on September 30, while the lower rates on medicines were extended till December.
  • There are no signs the virus and its variants would be extinct on New Year’s Day
  • Inverted duty structures - footwear and textiles
  • Food delivery services players shall be made liable to collect and remit taxes instead of the restaurants.
  • The plan to tax coconut oil as a personal care item at 18% for pack sizes below one litre and retain the 5% rate on edible oils for larger packs, has been held back for study, and will hopefully be shelved for good.
  • If the Government really wants a consumption rebound that may reignite private investments, the Centre and States must begin talks on rationalising fuel taxes.
  • The Council’s firm dismissal of any shift of petroleum products to GST to lower the tax burden
  • The fact that GST cess on automobiles, tobacco and aerated drinks will now be levied till April 2026, not June 2022 as originally envisaged.
  • With just nine more months of assured compensation for States, they are worried about revenue streams falling off the cliff thereafter.
  • Their pleas for an extension in the compensation period have met with stern diffidence and the argument that GST revenues are below expectations.
  • The Centre need not wait for their reports to hold a special Council meeting to discuss States’ compensation concerns, as had been promised.
  • At this juncture, the Council should be a forum for empathetic contemplation, not fractious friction.

Sea level rise is certain | TH

  • The recently published Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Assessment Report from Working Group I — ‘Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis’ — is a clarion call for climate action.
  • Over 200 experts working in several domains of climate have put the report together by assessing the evidence and the uncertainties.
  • It provides one of the most expansive scientific reviews on the science and impacts of climate change.
  • The average global temperature is already 1.09°C higher than pre-industrial levels
  • CO2 concentration in the atmosphere is currently 410 ppm compared to 285 ppm in 1850.
  • Close to 700 million people worldwide live along the coast and there continue to be plans to expand coastal cities.
  • Sea level rise will continue after emissions no longer increase, because oceans respond slowly to warming.
  • Sea level rise occurs mainly due to the expansion of warm ocean waters, melting of glaciers on land, and the melting of ice sheets in Greenland and Antarctica.
  • Global mean sea level (GMSL) rose by 0.2m between 1901 and 2018.
  • The average rate of sea level rise was 1.3 mm/year (1901-1971) and rose to 3.7 mm/year (2006-2018).
  • While sea level rise in the last century was mainly due to thermal expansion, glacier and ice sheet melt are now big contributors.
  • In the very high emissions scenario, with low confidence (and in the 17th-83rd percentile range), sea level rise can be as high as 1.61m by 2100.
  • According to the UN Environment Programme Emissions Gap Report, the world is heading for a temperature rise above 3°C this century, which is double the Paris Agreement aspiration.
  • And there is deep uncertainty in sea level projections for warming above 3°C.
  • Communities along the coast in India are vulnerable to sea level rise and storms, which will become more intense and frequent.
  • They will be accompanied by storm surges, heavy rain and flooding.
  • Even the 0.1m to 0.2m rise expected along India in the next few decades can cause frequent coastal flooding.

Code Red | Telegraph

  • The United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has released a draft of the first volume of its Sixth Assessment Report.
  • This report focuses exclusively on the latest scientific research on climate change.
  • The next two volumes, due next year, will focus on the human impact and how societies can adapt to irreversible changes and, finally, on how to mitigate future global warming.
  • Carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emissions have continued to increase.
  • The latest Assessment Report carries strong language that scientists normally refrain from using.
  • The UN has described the situation as a “code red” level of danger.
  • The sea level has been rising at the fastest rate in at least 3,000 years.
  • The Arctic sea ice area is the lowest in at least 1,000 years.
  • Glaciers have been retreating at an unprecedented speed not seen in at least 2,000 years.
  • According to biologists, we are going through the sixth mass extinction of biological species.
  • South Asia remains extremely vulnerable.
  • Even within South Asia, the Sunderbans area off the Bay of Bengal is especially threatened.
  • The water level is rising and within the next one or two decades this part of the world could get completely submerged.
  • There is an ethical issue too.
  • If India and China are allowed to pollute more as an opportunity to catch up, it might happen that 20 years from now some of the poorest countries of Africa start polluting much faster than they are doing now.
  • India has comprehensive policies on paper but they are not implemented in most cases.
  • The Sixth Assessment Report is, arguably, one final warning about the urgency of appropriate global action.

NEWS

  • PM Modi embarks on 4-day visit to US to attend UN General Assembly Session
  • 76th Session of UN General Assembly gets underway in New York
  • Health Ministry appeals people to exercise caution during festive season in wake of COVID Pandemic
  • India achieve yet another milestone in COVID vaccination drive with total vaccination crosses 83 crore mark
  • NDMA recommends ex gratia Rs 50,000 to kin of those who died of to Covid, Centre informs SC
  • India hosts first India-United Kingdom Consular Dialogue through video conferencing
  • 56.53% of food grains lifted under PMGKAY Phase IV
  • Govt asks power plants to auction fly ash through transparent bidding process
  • Govt to celebrate ‘Sign Language Day’ today
  • Defence Minister appeals people to generously contribute to Armed Forces Flag Day Fund
  • UN releases emergency funds to prevent Afghanistan’s healthcare system from collapsing
  • India, UAE launch negotiations for a mutually beneficial Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement
  • Brazil's Health Minister tests positive for COVID-19 in New York
  • Idols constructed for Durga Puja vandalised in Kushtia town of Bangladesh
  • 5.9 magnitude earthquake rattles southeast Australia

Q.) Which tech giant abused the dominant position of its operating system in India to illegally hurt competitors, according to a report by the CCI?

  1. Apple
  2. Google
  3. Microsoft
  4. Xiaomi

Q.) India will resume export of Covid-19 vaccines under its ______ programme?

  1. Vaccine Dosti
  2. Vaccine Maitri
  3. Vaccine for all
  4. Fight Covid