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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 23 March 2021
  • Australia
  • -270 degrees Celsius
  • Nicobar megapode

Q.) Name the agreement between India and Myanmar, which allows locals from both side to go across other side up to 16 km and can stay ther for maximum 14 days

  1. Free Movement Regime
  2. Two Weeks Regime
  3. India Myanmar Cross Border Regime
  4. None of the above

Q.) Oravax a tablet-form Covid 19 vaccine is developed by firms belonging to which two nations?

  1. India & Japan
  2. India & USA
  3. India & Israel
  4. India & China

Q.) Name the Defence Secretary of USA

  1. Lloyd Austin
  2. Antony J. Blinken
  3. Janet Yellen
  4. Xavier Becerra

Free and open

  • U.S. Secretary of Defence visit to India
  • Biden administration & such an early visit indicates the place India holds
  • South Korea & Japan
  • QUAD Summit & Indo-Pacific

  • 3 major topics: bilateral ties, the Indo-Pacific and Afghanistan
  • Biden Administration is committed to CAATSA sanctions
  • LAC dispute – its a bilateral issue between India & China

Getting it right on the LAC disengagement

  • February 10 - India-China agreement for pullback in the Pangong Lake area
  • Inadequate budgetary allocation for defence
  • The outlay for capital procurement announced by the Finance Minister on February 1 for FY 2021-22 represents a 18.75% jump over the previous financial year, the highest in 15 years.
  • The government has enhanced the delegated financial powers up to ₹200 crore in senior ranks below the rank of vice chief as well, to facilitate procurement.
  • Improved procedures and oversight have ensured better utilisation with no surrendering of funds over the last four years.
  • Top priorities: military modernisation, indigenisation and defence exports
  • Roads, bridges, culverts and other infrastructure
  • Darbuk-Shyok-Daulat Beg Oldi (DSDBO) Road
  • Atal Rohtang Tunnel: much shorter logistics loop connecting the Middle and Western Sectors of the India-China boundary on the Indian side
  • Naresh Chandra Committee recommendations – many of them are implemented
  • Department of Military Affairs (DMA), Chief of Defence Staff, Theatre Commands
  • India has neither accepted the unilateral definition of China’s so-called Line of Actual Control (LAC) of 1959 nor its subsequent mutants.
  • The pullback on the North Bank of Pangong has resulted in the Chinese ceasing their patrolling between Fingers 4 and 8 for the first time in several decades.

  • The fact is that Indian troops secured the heights on the South Bank precisely to offset China’s “first mover” advantage on the North Bank.
  • Moreover, if India’s objective is to achieve status quo ante, India too would logically be required to revert to its pre-April 2020 status.
  • Instead of commending our military and External Affairs Ministry negotiators for their efforts in ensuring a successful disengagement at Pangong, some commentators have questioned the absence of “iron-clad agreements”

Delhi’s administration as the tail wagging the dog

  • We dont have monarchs, we have a President and Governors.
  • Aid and advice of the cabinet of Ministers
  • Lieutenant Governor (LG) of Delhi
  • When the Constitution came into force, there were four kinds of States, called Parts A,B, C and D States, with the last two being administered by centrally appointed Chief Commissioners and Lieutenant Governors, with no locally elected Assemblies to aid and advise them.
  • Delhi as the National Capital, belonged to the nation as a whole.
  • The need for keeping the National Capital under the control of the Union Government was deemed to be vital in the national interest
  • Delhi was initially made a Part C State.
  • Its population then was around 14 lakh people.
  • In 1951, a Legislative Assembly was created with an elected Chief Minister. Chaudhary Brahm Prakash became the first Chief Minister in 1952.
  • However, a prolonged stand-off with the Chief Commissioner, and later the Union Home Minister, Govind Ballabh Pant, over issues of jurisdictions and functional autonomy, eventually led to his resignation, in 1955.
  • In 1956, when the Constitution of India was amended to implement the provisions of the States Reorganisation Act, only two categories, namely, States and Union Territories remained in the Indian Union.
  • Delhi then became a Union Territory to be administered by an Administrator appointed by the President.
  • The Legislative Assembly of Delhi and the Council stood abolished, despite loud protests in Parliament.
  • Ten years later, the Delhi Administration Act, 1966 provided for a limited representative Government in Delhi through a Metropolitan Council comprising 56 elected Members and five nominated Members.
  • This structure continued for many years, with repeated political demands for full statehood to be granted to Delhi.
  • In 1987, the Balakrishnan Committee was set up to submit its recommendations with regard to the status to be conferred on Delhi.
  • In 1989, the Committee recommended that Delhi should continue to be a Union Territory but that there must be a Legislative Assembly and Council of Ministers responsible to the said Assembly with appropriate powers; and to ensure stability, appropriate constitutional measures should be taken to confer the National Capital a special status.
  • Based on this report, the Constitution (69th) Amendment Act and the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (GNCT) Act, 1991 were passed.
  • The Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (Amendment) Bill, 2021
  • Simply put, the elected government in Delhi can do nothing, if the LG does not permit them to so do.
  • The population of Delhi which counts among the highest in the world, will have an unrepresentative administration.
  • It will be ruled by an appointed LG, who can only be changed if the rest of the country, decides to change the Central government.
  • It is quite likely that the amendment act will end up being challenged in the constitutional courts.

FINANCIAL NEWS

  • AMAZON-FUTURE ROW
    • A division bench of the Delhi High Court stayed last week’s ruling by a single judge ordering the attachment of Future Group promoter Kishore Biyani’s properties, a ₹20 lakh fine and a show-cause notice asking why he should not be detained in civil prison for violating an Emergency Award of the Singapore International Arbitration Centre (SIAC).
    • In Monday’s interim ruling, the Delhi court also stayed the order directing Future Group to approach the authorities to recall all approvals granted to the Future-Reliance deal.
    • The legal dispute between Amazon and Future Group is also being heard in the Supreme Court.
    • An Amazon spokesperson declined to comment as the matter is sub judice.
    • In August last year, Future Group had announced that Reliance Retail Ventures (RRVL) would acquire its retail assets for about ₹25,000 crore.
    • Subsequently, Amazon, which owns a 49% stake in FCPL, objected to the deal, alleging that it was in breach of a pact giving the ecommerce giant the right of first refusal.
  • DEADLOCK OVER TRACEABILITY

  • The government has proposed that WhatsApp assign an alpha-numeric hash to every message sent through its platform as a solution to break the deadlock over traceability on the messaging app.
  • The hash can travel with the message and in case of any unlawful activity, the originator of the message can be traced without breaking the app’s encryption.
  • In February, the Centre notified the Information Technology (Guidelines for Intermediaries and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules, 2021 that mandates traceability of first originator of a message flagged by either a court of law or an authorised government agency.
  • Development Financial Institutions
    • The government on Monday introduced the National Bank for Financing Infrastructure & Development Bill, 2021, in the Lok Sabha, paving the way for creation of a state-owned developmental financial institution as also private ones.
    • The bill seeks to establish NaBFID with an authorised share capital of ₹1 lakh crore to support the development of long-term non-recourse infrastructure financing in India including development of the bonds and derivatives markets necessary for infrastructure financing and to carry on the business of financing infrastructure.
    • The Reserve Bank will in consultation with the government issues licences and specify conditions for setting up of private sector DFIs.

NEWS

  • PM Modi launches Catch the rain campaign on the occasion of World Water Day; Calls for water security & effective water management
  • Parliament passes Insurance Amendment Bill, 2021 to increase FDI limit from 49% to 74%
  • EC bans bike rallies at any place 72 hours before date of poll or on poll day
  • Centre asks states, UTs to increase gap between two doses of Covishield between four & eight weeks
  • Night curfew to be imposed in eight cities of Rajasthan to contain spread of COVID-19
  • 67th National Film Awards - 2019 were announced; Marakkar Arabikadalinte Simham wins best feature film awards
  • Parliament passes National Capital Territory of Delhi (Amendment) Bill 2021
  • Parliament passes Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order (Amendment) Bill, 2021
  • Construction of National Highways touches 34 km per day: MoRTH
  • Total number of COVID-19 vaccine doses administered in country crosses 4.72 crore
  • Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman conferred Gandhi Peace Prize 2020
  • Australian PM Scott Morrison announces disaster relief for flood hit New South Wales residents
  • China’s notification relating to visa facilitation for foreigners travelling to China, does not apply to foreign students
  • US Defence Secretary Lloyd Austin meets Afghan President Ashraf Ghani in Kabul