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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 23 February 2021

ANS

  • Rising Fuel Prices
  • Rwanda
  • Facebook
  • BJP
  • Ayesha Aziz

Q.) Name the State of India that has achieved 100% tap water connections in schools and anganwadi centres (AWCs) under the Jal Jeevan Mission

  1. Telangana
  2. Andhra P
  3. Gujarat
  4. Odisha

Q.) As per Delhi Police, what was the name of WhatsApp group created  by Disha Ravi?

  1. Justice for Farmers
  2. Stand 4 Farmers
  3. Support for Farmers Strike
  4. International Farmers Strike

Q.) To facilitate capability building in the maritime domain, India signed a defence Line of Credit agreement worth $50 million with which nation?

  1. Maldives
  2. Yemen
  3. Mauritius
  4. Sri Lanka

Q.) General Motors and ________ are seeking permission to set up a car production centre in Maharashtra?

  1. Kia Motors
  2. BYD Auto
  3. Beijing Automotive Group
  4. Great Wall Motors

Q.) Australian Government has banned advertisement of ______ on Facebook till the dispute is resolved?

  1. Tobacco
  2. Liquor
  3. Covid-19 Vaccine
  4. Automobiles

Listen to Azim Premji | ToI

  • Many states have been unable to vaccinate even 50% of their target workers
  • Target: 300 million people with two doses by July
  • Where do we stand? 10 million vaccinated as on February 20
  • Availability of vaccines is not an issue
  • Azim Premji: government should engage the private sector
  • Achieving coverage of 500 million people within 60 days is a real possibility

Regulate gatekeepers | ToI

  • Last week, PM Modi and PM Scott Morrison had a conversation
  • News Media and Digital Platforms Mandatory Bargaining Code
  • Aims to correct the power asymmetry between companies such as Google and Facebook, and news media
  • Across democracies, legislatures are trying to find ways to curb the power of Big Tech
  • Between the US and EU, Google, Facebook, Amazon and Apple have faced recent investigations into potential abuse of monopoly power.
  • EU in December introduced a legislative proposal to regulate “gatekeepers” such as Google to curb unfair competition.
  • In December 2017, the Australian government asked its competition commission to conduct an inquiry into digital platforms with special focus on news and journalism.
  • Journalism is a public good and a pillar of democracy.
  • Digital platforms piggyback on its content without sharing the associated costs.
  • While the Australian development is of special importance to India, it need not provide an ideal template for the way forward.
  • Digital platforms have brought about huge social gains by democratising access.
  • However, their growing size and revenue models have also had adverse effects, such as spread of fake news.
  • Big Tech will resist change?

Adding heft to diplomacy with some help from science

  • India’s ongoing ‘Vaccine Maitri’ campaign, which is aimed at provisioning COVID-19 vaccines to countries both near to and away from its immediate neighborhood, is one of the most important recent initiatives to leverage its science and technological advantages for the furtherance of its foreign policy objectives.
  • Vaccines to Brazil, Canada, Global South such as the Dominican Republic and Barbados
  • Nehru was aware of both the constructive and destructive power of science and made India’s intention of seeking international scientific advances for the country’s development and rise clear with added emphasis on averseness to inter-state rivalries.
  • This template would set the tone for India’s international science and technology engagement for much of the 20th century, and met with mixed results as more powerful states such as the United States sought to curb its ambitions in critical spheres such as its nuclear and space programmes.
  • New Delhi established the Office of the Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India in November 1999.
  • And by the early years of the 21st century, it sought to reduce its dependence on foreign countries to then emerge as a net provider of development assistance in the international system.
  • India would also sign strategic partnerships bearing substantial science and technology components with advanced economies
  • Both the country’s Science and Technology Policy 2003 and Science, Technology and Innovation Policy 2013 clearly related international science and technology cooperation with national interest.
  • More recently, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been categorical in placing science and technology at the forefront of the country’s diplomatic engagement.
  • India currently fields four Development Partnership Administrations under its Ministry of External Affairs — consequential given that President Ram Nath Kovind, in Cuba in June 2018, declared that the country had “placed science and technology at the center of its development cooperation strategy”.
  • The Ministry of External Affairs too has seen a restructuring with a Cyber Diplomacy Division, an E-Governance & Information Technology Division and a New Emerging & Strategic Technologies Division to manage science and technology issues in the nation’s diplomatic matrix.
  • New Delhi was swift to address the global challenge by initially sending medicines such as hydroxychloroquine and paracetamol to over 150 countries, welcomed by its partners across the world.
  • India’s pharmaceutical firms such as the Serum Institute of India competently partnered with the U.K.’s Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine project while others such as Bharat Biotech gave rise to indigenous vaccines in the shape of Covaxin.
  • India’s COVID-19 response also came closely aligned with its Neighbourhood First, Act East, Indo-Pacific and LookWest policies.
  • India’s financial apportionment to science and technology related research must rise to enable the country’s own rise.
  • The time is also right for India’s young scientists and technologists to be made more aware of the country’s foreign policy objectives, and to also enable all stakeholders in the policy establishment to learn more about science and technology to bridge the intellectual divide.

Dealing with the bigger neighbour, China

  • Peace and tranquillity in the border areas had also been maintained for over four decades.
  • Two nationalisms were contending and the untrammelled rise of China was generating new global power equations and alignments.
  • Come 2020, Galwan signalled the collapse of the edifice of bilateral relations built on these weak foundations over three decades.
  • Since 1993, India and China had arrived at a number of agreements to maintain peace and tranquillity and promote confidence building measures (CBMs) in the border areas.
  • The Agreement on the Maintenance of Peace and Tranquillity along the Line of Actual Control in the India-China Border Areas (1993)
  • The Agreement Between the Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the People’s Republic of China on Confidence-Building Measures in the Military Field Along the Line of Actual Control in the India-China Border Areas (1996)
  • Protocol between the Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the People’s Republic of China on Modalities for the Implementation of Confidence Building Measures in the Military Field Along the Line of Actual Control in the India-China Border Areas (2005)
  • Agreement between The Government of the Republic of lndia and The Government of the People’s Republic of China on the Establishment of a Working Mechanism for Consultation and Coordination on lndia-China Border Affairs (2012)
  • Agreement between the Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the People’s Republic of China on Border Defence Cooperation (2013)
  • The boundary question would be resolved peacefully
  • Neither side would use or threaten to use force against the other “by any means”
  • That the two sides would respect and observe the Line of Actual Control (LAC)
  • That they would jointly check and determine the segments of the LAC where they had different views as to its alignment and further, speed up clarification and confirmation of the LAC since a common understanding of the Line was necessary
  • That military forces (including field army, border defence forces, paramilitary forces) and major categories of armaments in mutually agreed geographical zones along the LAC would be kept to a minimum level compatible with friendly and good neighbourly relations and the “requirements of mutual and equal security”
  • Military exercises would be undertaken only at specified levels with prior notification being given for such exercises near the LAC
  • Prior notice would be given regarding flights of combat aircraft within 10 kilometres from the LAC
  • If border personnel of the two sides came face-to-face due to differences in alignment of the LAC they would exercise self-restraint and avoid an escalation of the situation
  • Channels of communication and border personnel meetings in case of contingencies were stipulated
  • The main characteristic of these CBMs was the willingness of the bigger power — the Soviet Union — to undertake unilateral concessions and asymmetric reductions in military strength vis-à-vis China.
  • The collapse of the Soviet Union, far from hindering the process of normalisation only smoothened it further — Russia and China continued to improve relations, their strategic convergence spurred on by shared suspicion about the overwhelming preponderance of U.S. global power at the end of the Cold War.
  • The success of their alignment post-1989 and the Deng Xiaoping-Gorbachev Summit (held against the backdrop of the Tiananmen Square student demonstrations) was that they identified common interests and were committed to building a relationship that was “broadly based and institutionalized” (Jingdong Yuan).
  • What this signified is that military CBMs and tension-reduction along the border were ‘nested’ and fostered in a vast network of cooperative alignments that Russia and China built up in numerous areas once they agreed to normalise their relations.
  • The five Agreements we signed between 1993 and 2013 were not nurtured in an environment of a steady enhancement of mutual trust and political commitment for building a strong infrastructure of bilateral relations between India and China that promoted both bilateral and regional understanding and cooperative endeavor
  • Unlike in the Russia-China case, no final boundary settlement accompanied these CBMs to sustain and strengthen their operation. Even a joint clarification of the LAC remained unattainable
  • China as the bigger power, unlike the Soviet Union under Gorbachev in its dealings with Beijing, has never signalled willingness to make asymmetric or unilateral concessions to India or act in a manner, especially in our neighbourhood, that enhances India’s trust or confidence.

NEWS

  • PM Modi to address 66th annual convocation of IIT Kharagpur via video conferencing today
  • Prime Minister emphasises on bigger role for private sector in defence production
  • EC says, advance deployment of Central Police Forces in poll-bound areas during LS, Assembly elections is a routine affair
  • Bharatiya Janata Party wins both Rajya Sabha seats from Gujarat unopposed
  • DRDO conducts two successful launches of Vertical Launch Short Range Surface to Air Missile
  • COVID-19 recovery rate reaches 97.22 per cent in the country
  • Nitin Gadkari inaugurates 50 artisan-based SFURTI clusters spread over 18 states
  • Govt sanctions over 56 thousand more houses under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban)
  • Central govt to organise National Toy Fair 2021 from February 27 to March 2
  • Union Minister Dr Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank asks IITs to modify Institute Development Plan as envisioned in NEP
  • Italy's ambassador to Democratic Republic of Congo killed in an attack
  • India calls for Somali leaders to engage in constructive dialogue to resolve election delay
  • India signs 50 million dollar Defence line of Credit agreement with Maldives
  • China says, it supports India in hosting BRICS 2021
  • Chief of the Air Staff, Indian Air Force arrives in Dhaka on 3 day visit
  • India’s women’s contingent finishes at top in 30th Adriatic Pearl tournament in Budva, Montenegro