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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 21 June 2021

NEWS

  • Centre to begin free distribution of 75% of total COVID vaccines to all States, UTs from today
  • Over 27.66 crore doses of COVID-19 vaccine administered in country so far
  • Covid National Recovery rate improves to 96.27%
  • UP announces relaxations in lockdown restrictions from tomorrow
  • PM Modi to address lead event on occasion of International Yoga Day tomorrow
  • MoS Education Sanjay Dhotre to represent India in G20 Education Ministers’ meet
  • Permanent Mission of India responds to concerns raised by Special Procedures Branch of Human Rights Council about India's new IT Rules
  • EPFO adds around 12.76 lakh net subscribers during April this year
  • Chirag Paswan led LJP faction holds party's national executive meeting
  • India to host two day summit on Green Hydrogen Initiatives involving BRICS nations
  • US President Joe Biden plans to host Israel's president Reuven Rivlin at White House
  • World Refugee Day being observed today
  • Number COVID-19 related death crosses Five Lakh mark in Brazil
  • ADB approves USD 250 million loan to improve inclusiveness in Social development programmes in Bangladesh
  • US Supreme Court rules Nestlé, Cargill can't be sued for child slavery
  • Odisha CM announces special scheme to provide financial support to orphans

FINANCIAL NEWS

  • Companies Helping Staff Warm Up to Office Life Again
    • Several fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG), auto, consumer electronics and retail companies have begun getting employees back to their corporate offices in small batches for a few days a week — referred to as “warm-up days”.
    • Others are planning to do this as well, in order to get staff used to the habit of working from office again as Covid numbers decline.
    • Now that most employees and their families have received their first Covid jab, it’s expected that offices will be fully reopened in October-November with everyone completely vaccinated by then, the companies said.
  • ‘New IT Rules Finalised after Consultation’
    • India has told the UN that the country’s new IT rules were finalised after widespread consultations with various stakeholders — including individuals, civil society and industry associations — with the government also having invited public comments ahead of drafting revised norms.
    • They wrote that India’s new IT rules are in violation of rules laid down in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, a key international human rights treaty.
    • It also highlighted that “India’s democratic credentials are well-recognised. The right to freedom of speech and expression is guaranteed under the Indian Constitution. The independent judiciary and a robust media are part of India’s democratic structure.”
  • Australia Seeks Clarity on Agri Infra Fund, Cotton Subsidies
    • India’s Agriculture Infrastructure Fund (AIF) and cotton subsidies have come under scrutiny at the World Trade Organization (WTO), with Australia seeking clarity on the scope of the fund and confirmation that New Delhi has not exceeded its 10% ceiling support, called de minimis in trade parlance, for the natural textile fibre.
    • Australia has asked India to provide the overall value of cotton production in the country and confirm that New Delhi has not exceeded the ceiling.
    • The issue came up on June17-18 at the meeting of the WTO Committee on Agriculture.
    • Subsidy ceilings for India and other developing countries are fixed at 10% of the value of food production.
    • The queries come at a time when India has invoked the peace clause for exceeding the subsidies for rice two years in a row.
    • At the meeting, Canada, the EU, Russia, Ukraine and the US again questioned India on continued restrictions concerning imports of pulses, public stockpiling, export subsidies for skim milk powder, and its export prohibition on onions.
    • The EU, Brazil, Japan, Paraguay and Russia expressed concerns about the lack of transparency or missing information concerning India’s rice purchases and subsidies, and public stockholding data, and said that the information was crucial as New Delhi is a key proponent of a permanent solution on public stockholding for food security.
    • On its part, India asked the EU, the US and Canada for their pending notifications on domestic support, and questioned Canada on its plans to spend $101 million over two years on a programme for the wine sector.

The third coming | Pioneer

  • The third wave of the COVID-19 virus is rapidly stealing upon us.
  • Expert opinion or behaviour of our fellow countrymen
  • The third wave could be far closer to us than we had imagined - if the unlocking process is not measured.
  • Even though the vaccination drive is going on in full swing, with both the Centre and the State Governments doing their best.
  • So far, India has been able to fully vaccinate only about five per cent of its 950 million eligible population, leaving the other teeming millions vulnerable to infections and deaths.
  • We need to utilise this time to strengthen our healthcare facilities; each life is worth fighting for.

Make Masking Work | ToI

  • States have begun unlocking in major ways.
  • With daily new cases dipping to 58,583 on Saturday
  • The desperate need for commercial normalcy
  • The best long-term solution against Covid is vaccination.
  • But there is a massive mismatch between demand and supply at the moment.
  • While the supply situation is expected to improve over the next three months, it won’t be enough to vaccinate enough people to head off a third wave.
  • Around 3.3 million people got a jab on Friday, a far cry from the 9.3 million a day needed to achieve herd immunity by September, according to GoI.
  • Given the current pace of vaccination, the only immediate solution is to rigorously follow advice on masking.
  • Masking is mandatory in most of India.
  • But enforcement is casual, increasing the risk of transmission in crowded public spaces.
  • Instead of leaving enforcement almost entirely to overstretched police forces, GoI and states can co-opt trade associations, mall-owners and retailersbodies.
  • Retail trade of all kinds is among sectors worst hit by lockdowns.
  • It is entirely in retailers’ interests that they encourage customers to mask up.
  • And governments can add sting to this by mandating that markets and malls found to be hosting largely unmasked customers will be shut down.

Hope and promise | TH

  • Signalling a revival of the political process in Jammu and Kashmir, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has decided to meet 14 party leaders from the Union Territory on June 24.
  • Mr. Modi’s outreach is taking place nearly two years after the State of Jammu and Kashmir was stripped of its special constitutional status and dismembered into two Union Territories through an unprecedented exercise of the Centre’s powers.

  • This demonstrates a desirable flexibility in his approach towards resolving the Kashmir issue.
  • Discontinuing the special status of Kashmir was a core agenda of Hindutva nationalism for decades, which was achieved after the second parliamentary victory of Mr. Modi in 2019.
  • Since 2014, the BJP has worked under a premise that the PDP and NC were impediments, not facilitators, to a solution in Kashmir.
  • The leaders of mainstream parties, including former Chief Ministers, were jailed after 2019.
  • The Centre’s idea to incubate a loyal political class made little progress.
  • The Joe Biden administration is eager to end the U.S. entanglement in Afghanistan and resist China’s attempts to dominate the world.
  • India is in a stand-off with China on the border.
  • All the same, by creating an opportunity to explore a way forward, the Centre has acted wisely, regardless of its reasons.
  • It must engage the political parties in good faith and with an open mind.
  • The Centre appears to have done some groundwork, though it has not revealed any plans yet.
  • The meeting must be a beginning towards a durable and democratic resolution of the Kashmir question and not an exercise in managing the Centre’s image.

People need to take initiative | Pioneer

  • The Covid-19 lockdown last year had one positive fallout - the sky regained its brilliant blue as the perennial haze of pollution lifted and one could see the Himalayan range from far-off places like Delhi and Chandigarh.
  • Metros like Delhi and Mumbai became pollution-free, wild animals started foraging for food in cities and towns, and rivers became cleaner.
  • This is, however, a grim reminder that humanity must change its materialist, extravagant lifestyle and establish equilibrium with nature.
  • The forests got a reprieve with reduced instances of forest fires, illegal felling of trees, and poaching.
  • This writer noticed how migratory birds which normally returned home during February-March stayed back till May end.
  • In zoos sans tourists the animals regained their natural composures and behaviours.
  • In the Satpura Tiger Reserve of Madhya Pradesh, tigers,which had got used to regular movement of tourists,started liking their isolation and fretted upon seeing forest guards on patrols.
  • According to Central Pollution Control Board, the Ganga, Yamuna, and Gomati rivers' water became cleaner.
  • Dolphins were sighted in the Ganga near Meerut.
  • National Governments the world over started climate change negotiations after the Kyoto Protocol came into being in 2005.
  • However, there is no genuine commitment to climate change even though world leaders meet every now and then because of never-ending politics.
  • In India too, despite good initiatives like the solar alliance, the bureaucracy is unable to stem the rot in the field of environmental conservation.
  • Let us consider some citizen's initiatives which can make a big difference to the environment.
  • Let us go for water harvesting and recharging in every home.
  • Climate change was responsible for about 74 per cent of flash floods and droughts in the last 20 years.
  • In cities 90 per cent of rainwater goes waste because of excessive construction activities.
  • In contrast, 90 per cent of the rainwater gets absorbed in forests, recharging the aquifers, streams, and rivers.
  • Every household having a 200 sq. mt. area can recharge around two lakh litres of rainwater every year.
  • Each tree gives oxygen for 10 people to survive. Everybody should plant a tree every year.
  • A big tree absorbs 21 kg of carbon dioxide (CO2) and in 100 years reduces one tonne of CO2.
  • Food wastage is the biggest environmental problem as it wastes water and food grains.
  • In 2019, nine billion tonnes of food was wasted in the world, releasing 70.41 lakh tonne methane gas.
  • If we stop this wastage, eight percent reduction in greenhouse emissions can be ensured.
  • We must stop the use of paper cups to save at least 65 lakh trees and billions of gallons of water.
  • We need to use electricity carefully because 40 percent of carbon emissions are due to electricity production.
  • If we can switch off the wi-fi and laptops we can reduce the emissions by 16 percent.
  • Cars contribute to huge carbon emissions and if we limit the car speed to 70 kmph, it will reduce emission by 8 percent.
  • The principle is at the speed 100 kmph the emissions increase by 28 percent.

ANS

Q.) Around 28 Chinese air force aircraft, including fighters and nuclear-capable bombers, entered the air defence identification zone (ADIZ) of ______, in what was the largest incursion till date.

  1. Hong Kong
  2. Taiwan
  3. Vietnam
  4. Myanmar