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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 21 August 2021

To Break The Poverty Cycle | ToI

  • Post-Independence educational policies, including reservations, helped children from lower-income families of all castes to secure themselves an education.
  • Education was a guaranteed ticket to rise from poverty.
  • However, 100 million households of labourers were left out of this big story.

Devi Shetty is a cardiac surgeon and Chairman and Founder, Narayana Health

  • The labourer without a college degree cannot get rich, his children cannot afford a college degree.
  • An alternate college education system must be created for the children of labourers without disturbing the successful mainstream education.
  • Labourers send their children to school for food, not for education.
  • The ground reality today is rampant child malnutrition in rural India – because school midday meals stopped after Covid.
  • Governments must allow workplaces like hospitals, hotels, construction firms, and manufacturing industries to offer education and training in-house.
  • Industries should provide the contents of formal education in an informal way for specific jobs.
  • Companies will get skilled hands into these industries at an affordable cost.
  • Trainees can earn enough to cover living expenses and save something to send home.
  • The duration of training should be at least for two years.
  • Certificates issued after passing examinations conducted by a government body should have a high market value.
  • It can also be a passage to join the formal education system if these students so desire.
  • Let me explain this based on training of auxiliary nursing midwives (ANMs) that starts after class 10.
  • Every Indian hospital with 200 beds should be permitted to conduct ANM and GNM (general nursing and midwifery) courses to train home healthcare providers and nurses.
  • Interestingly, ANMs are an important part of the National Health Service of the UK.
  • Nurses with higher qualifications should be deployed to treat patients along with doctors.
  • Support services for patients can be offered by ANMs.
  • ANM students should work for seven hours as nursing assistants and attend two hours of online classes daily and take online tests quarterly.
  • Then they can appear for final exams after two years and join the lucrative home healthcare sector.
  • The medium of education must be English.
  • Those prepared to graduate as GNM nurses should be given the passage to continue their education free of cost while earning a basic stipend.
  • GNM training should be four years instead of three for ANM.
  • Undoubtedly the best place to train an ANM or a nurse is within the hospital, a software engineer at a software company, and a civil engineer on a construction site.
  • Students can work as assistants to seniors and simultaneously attend online classes.
  • Our government cannot pay for the college education; however, it can create a parallel college education system for the poor and authorise industries to offer blended courses through the online route.
  • A surgeon’s training leading to FRCS degree in England has no classrooms or professors, doctors work under senior surgeons for three years and when ready appear for the FRCS exam.
  • To fulfil the Prime Minister’s dream of a $5 trillion economy, children of labourers should learn while earning, while learning is for free.
  • I trust our government will launch a parallel college education system for the poor, enabling them to educate themselves out of poverty.

Reboot to reset | TH

  • India’s largest trading partner, and one with whom it has a significant trade surplus, the U.S., is no longer interested in securing a bilateral free trade agreement (FTA), as per indications from the Joe Biden administration.
  • An official acknowledgement of this, from Commerce Minister Piyush Goyal, suggests that years of negotiations towards a ‘mini-trade deal’ followed by a full-blown trade pact that Mr. Biden’s predecessor oversaw may well be infructuous now.
  • The Government will now seek to work on market access issues on both sides, he said, adding that lowering of non-tariff barriers, mutual recognition pacts and adopting common quality standards can also help Indian exports in the interim.
  • There is a possibility that even these issues, which include long-festering dissonances over providing access to U.S. agricultural products or easing import duties on automobiles and Bourbons, would have to be discussed afresh.
  • India was pulled out of the U.S.’s Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) that granted some tariff relief to its exports by the Trump government in 2019, and hopes of its reinduction through a mini-trade deal now appear bleak.
  • While India was expected to gain from the Sino-U.S. trade wars under the Donald Trump administration, its retaliation to the GSP status revocation with hiked tariffs on U.S. products had led to frictions that perhaps stymied the conclusion of a mini-trade deal before the change at the helm in the White House.
  • The U.S.’s no-go stance on the FTA implies ambitions may have to be pared down but also provides an opportunity for India to holistically review its stance on global trade.
  • It is refreshing that Mr. Goyal has signalled a revamped approach towards FTAs and reminded Indian industry there cannot be one-way traffic.
  • Having walked out of RCEP, India needs to demonstrate to its potential FTA partners, including the EU and the U.K., with which rivals like Vietnam have already sealed a deal, that it is a viable alternative to China in a post-COVID world.
  • To be a major trading and manufacturing nation, India can ill-afford to keep sending mixed signals.

Faith and marriage | TH

  • A regressive and patently unconstitutional feature of recent anti-conversion laws enacted by different States is the criminalisation of inter-faith marriages by treating them as a means to convert one of the parties from one religion to another.
  • While anti-conversion laws, euphemistically called in some States as laws on ‘freedom of religion’, have always sought to criminalise conversions obtained through fraud, force or allurement, the recent enactments or amendments have created “conversion by marriage” as one of the illegal forms of conversion.
  • In its interim order protecting parties to inter-religious marriages from needless harassment, the Gujarat HC has made it clear that the “rigours” of the State’s amendments introduced earlier this year will not apply to marriages that do not involve any fraud, force or allurement.
  • So, it has stopped the initiation of criminal proceedings against those who have married across religious faiths, unless there was any of these illegal elements.
  • The court said, “A plain reading of Section 3 would indicate that any conversion on account of marriage is also prohibited.”
  • Despite clear Supreme Court rulings that it is no more constitutional to police private lives and beliefs, sections in the polity still believe that inter-religious marriages are aimed at religious conversion, that they have an adverse impact on public order and invariably involve coercion or deceit.
  • It was always clear to the secular minded and legal experts that constitutional courts will not see such marriages as events that impinge on public order, and that making their solemnisation a ground for prosecution under anti-conversion laws was unlikely to be upheld.
  • It is clear that the Gujarat law’s provisions “interfere with the intricacies of marriage” and an individual’s right to choice, thereby infringing Article 21 of the Constitution.
  • The principle that the right to marry a person of one’s choice is integral to Article 21 flows from the verdict in Shafin Jahan vs Asokan.
  • The order stalling criminal action against those entering into a valid inter-faith marriage constitutes a significant judicial pushback against disconcerting attempts by various States to foment communal divides through dubious legislation.

NEWS

  • Oppn. leaders call for unity to take on BJP
  • Reign of terror is never permanent: The Prime Minister, in a subtle message, said “destructive and terror forces” may become dominant temporarily but were not permanent, citing the example of Somnath temple, which was razed and plundered several times in the past and resurrected every time with greater glory.
  • Zycov-D, first vaccine for those above 12, gets nod
  • Delta variant driving infections in India: report
  • 2.38 lakh tonnes of coal go missing in Tamil Nadu
  • 2 elephants electrocuted in Assam
  • Arrest is not always a must, says Supreme Court
  • Quota benefit can’t be availed simultaneously in 2 States: SC
    • The Supreme Court has ruled that a person belonging to a reserved category is entitled to claim the benefit of reservation in either of the successor States of Bihar or Jharkhand, but cannot claim benefit of the quota simultaneously in both the successor States upon their reorganisation in November, 2000.
  • Naveen launches smart health card for the poor in Odisha

Q.) Hindustan Aeronautics Limited signed a $716 million deal with GE Aviation for aircraft engines and support services to power which aircraft?

  1. Tejas LCA Mk-1A
  2. MiG-29
  3. Mirage-2000
  4. Rafale

Q.) Alok Sharma is the president-designate of which United Nations organistaion?

  1. United Nations Conference of Parties
  2. United Nations Refugee Convention
  3. UNICEF
  4. UNESCO