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The Hindu Editorial Analysis | PDF Download

Date: 21 May 2019
  • The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (commonly known as the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)) is a department of the Secretariat of the United Nationsthat works to promote and protect the human rights that are guaranteed under international law and stipulated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948. The office was established by the UN General Assembly on 20 December 1993 in the wake of the 1993 World Conference on Human Rights.
  • The office is headed by the High Commissioner for Human Rights, who co-ordinates human rights activities throughout the UN System and acts as the secretariat of the Human Rights Council in Geneva, Switzerland. The current High Commissioner is Michelle Bachelet of Chile, who succeeded Zeid Raad Al Hussein of Jordan on 1 September 2018.
  • In 2018–2019, the department had a budget of US $201.6 million (3.7% of the regular UN budget), and approximately 1,300 employees based in Geneva and New York City. It is an ex officio member of the Committee of the United Nations Development Group.
  • A Special Rapporteur is an independent expert appointed by the Human Rights Council to examine and report back on a country situation or a specific human rights theme. This position is honorary and the expert is not United Nations staff nor paid for his/her work. The Special Rapporteurs are part of the Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council.
  • The Special Rapporteur is mandated by Human Rights Council Resolution 28/16:

(a ) To gather relevant information, including on international and national frameworks, national practices and experience, to study trends, developments and challenges in relation to the right to privacy and to make recommendations to ensure its promotion and protection, including in connection with the challenges arising from new technologies;

(b ) To seek, receive and respond to information, while avoiding duplication, from States, the United Nations and its agencies, programmes and funds, regional human rights mechanisms, national human rights institutions, civil society organizations, the private sector, including business enterprises, and any other relevant stakeholders or parties;

(c ) To identify possible obstacles to the promotion and protection of the right to privacy, to identify, exchange and promote principles and best practices at the national, regional and international levels, and to submit proposals and recommendations to the Human Rights Council in that regard, including with a view to particular challenges arising in the digital age;

(d ) To participate in and contribute to relevant international conferences and events with the aim of promoting a systematic and coherent approach on issues pertaining to the mandate;

(e) To raise awareness concerning the importance of promoting and protecting the right to privacy, including with a view to particular challenges arising in the digital age, as well as concerning the importance of providing individuals whose right to privacy has been violated with access to effective remedy, consistent with international human rights obligations;

(f) To integrate a gender perspective throughout the work of the mandate;

(g) To report on alleged violations, wherever they may occur, of the right to privacy, as set out in article 12 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and article 17 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, including in connection with the challenges arising from new technologies, and to draw the attention of the Council and the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to situations of particularly serious concern;

(h) To submit an annual report to the Human Rights Council and to the General Assembly, starting at the thirty-first session and the seventy-first session respectively.

MCQ 1

  1. The Planck constant is of fundamental importance in quantum mechanics, and it is the basis for the definition of the kilogram.
  2. The science of measurements is called meteorology
  • Choose correct

(A) Only 1

(B) Only 2

(C) Both

(D) None

MCQ 2

  • The Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, also known as VDPA is related to
  1. Ozone
  2. GHGs
  3. Migration
  4. Human rights

MCQ 3

  1. Rome statute, effective since 2002 establishes ICJ
  2. India is a signatory to the treaty
  • Choose correct

(A) Only 1

(B) Only 2

(C) Both

(D) None

  • India not taking mora stand and not recognizing torture on rohingyas
  • Abstention from voting at UNHRC against Myanmar
  • India, top arms supplier to Myanmar
  • Imbex-2019
  • Not supporting Dhaka on the issue
  • Only One time economic aid to Bangladesh and Myanmar
  • Regional compact is needed by India
  • India could compel Myanmar
  • Geo-Economic leverage on Myanmar by India
  • Trump’s Changed stance on War in last 2 years
  • Saudi supporting the moves against Iran
  • Possible attack on Iran by US would be Unilateral as Russia and China are against it
  • Iran is battle ready with its forward defence doctrine
  • Iran active in Lebanon, Iraq, Yemen and Gaza
  • 1/3rd LNG & 20% oil through Strait of Hormuz
  • Us’s result of wars, Failed to get desired
  • Another war in West Asia by US is morally calamitous & strategically Ludicrous
  • Visionary Obama & inefficient Trump