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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 20 March 2021
  • 2016
  • Appropriation Bill
  • INSACOG

Q.) The Insurance Amendment Bill, 2021 has raised the bar for the maximum foreign investment allowed in an insurance company from 49% to ____

  1. 85%
  2. 74%
  3. 55%
  4. 65%

Q.) Which nation, on last Thursday, hosted a peace conference for Afghanistan?

  1. Pakistan
  2. France
  3. USA
  4. Russia

Q.) Name the Vice-Chancellor of Ashoka University

  1. Malabika Sarkar
  2. Pratap Bhanu Mehta
  3. Rajesh Garodia
  4. Rudrangshu Mukherjee

 

Chasing peace

  • The peace conference between the Afghan government and Taliban representatives
  • May 1 deadline - U.S. troops pullout
  • No breakthrough was expected
  • The U.S. has also called for a UN-led multilateral peace conference.
  • Mr. Biden’s dilemma
  • Find a lasting settlement
  • The jihadist group, whose reign of Afghanistan during 1996-2001 was notorious for extremism, violence and suppression of basic rights, is on the cusp of power again.
  • Top Priority: protections for the rights of all Afghans

Delhi undermined

  • Supreme Court judgments on Delhi’s governance structure
  • July 4, 2018 - Constitution Bench verdict
  • Court’s efforts is strengthen the elected government vis-à-vis the appointed Lieutenant Governor
  • “The Lieutenant Governor has not been entrusted with any independent decision-making power. He has to either act on the ‘aid and advice’ of the Council of Ministers, or he is bound to implement the decision taken by the President on a reference being made by him.”
  • The ‘aid and advice’ clause pertains only to matters on which the elected Assembly has powers under the State and Concurrent Lists.
  • EXCEPTION: Public order, police and land, and, wherever there are differences between the L-G and the elected government, the former should refer the question to the President.
  • The Court was at pains to clarify that the power to refer “any matter” to the President did not mean that “every matter” should be referred thus.
  • The guiding principle was that the elected government should not be undermined by the unelected administrator.
  • The Bill introduced in the Lok Sabha does violence to this interpretation.
  • The apex court had rightly concluded that the scheme set out in the Constitution and the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi Act, 1991, envisages a collaborative structure that can be worked only through constitutional trust.
  • The proviso to Article 239AA, which empowers the L-G to refer a difference of opinion with the Council of Ministers to the President, does not mean that the administrator is given an opportunity to come up with a different opinion on every decision made by the Ministry.
  • And it is quite incongruous that instead of Parliament identifying the matters on which the L-G’s opinion should be sought, the Bill proposes that the L-G himself would specify such matters.
  • It should not be used to subvert the basis of electoral democracy.

The message in Alaska, from Washington to Beijing

  • U.S. Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken and Yang Jiechi, Chinese Communist Party Politburo member and Director of the Central Foreign Affairs Commission Office, accompanied by U.S. National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan, and Chinese Foreign Minister and State Councillor Wang Yi, met in Anchorage, Alaska.
  • The message was broadly a three-pronged one
  1. Under the new U.S. President, “America is back” in terms of its desire to play a leading role in other regions
  2. USA views China as its primary challenger for that leadership
  3. The Quad partnership is ready to mount a counter-challenge, albeit in “soft-power” terms at present, in order to do so.
  • Briefing the media about the Quad Summit, Mr. Sullivan said that Quad partners had raised their issues with China, including: “[China’s] coercion of Australia, their harassment around the Senkaku Islands, their aggression on the border with India”, which were then taken up during the talks with Mr. Wang and Mr. Yang.
  • COVID-19 vaccines
  • Climate Change
  • Critical Technology
  • China
  • The vaccine initiative, for example, is a major boost for India’s pharmaceutical prowess, which has already been proven during the current pandemic.
  • Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights for the prevention, containment and treatment of COVID-19
  • On climate change, India has welcomed the return of the U.S. to the Paris accord
  • Global Green Climate Fund
  • Biden might also consider joining the International Solar Alliance
  • On critical technologies, India will welcome any assistance in reducing its dependence on Chinese telecommunication equipment and in finding new sources of rare-earth minerals
  • While India shares the deep concerns and the tough messaging set out by the Quad on China, especially after the year-long stand-off at the Line of Actual Control (LAC) and the killings at Galwan that India has faced, it has demurred from any non-bilateral statement on it.

NEWS

  • Political parties intensify campaigning in poll bounds states, UT; PM Modi to address rallies in West Bengal, Assam today
  • US Defence Secy Lloyd J Austin meets NSA Ajit Doval
  • India in process of setting up national bank for funding infrastructure investments: FM Nirmala Sitharaman
  • Govt increases lower fare band for flights by 5 % on ATF price hike
  • Army Chief dedicates to people memorial of Param Vir Chakra awardee Capt Manoj Pandey
  • 373 Kisan Rail services operated on 43 routes: Govt
  • Indo-Uzbekistan field Training Exercise culminates in Uttarakhand
  • Baloch political activists accuse Pakistan of violating human rights
  • India hands over to Mauritius commercial supply of 2 lakh doses of Covaxin vaccine
  • Bangladesh: Police arrest people involved in attack on Hindus in Sunamganj
  • India strongly condemns terrorist attack in Mali
  • All England Open: PV Sindhu to take on Pornpawee Chochuwong in semi-finals today
  • Centre asks states, UTs to ensure strict compliance of appropriate behaviour to curb rising cases of Corona virus
  • US Defence Secy Lloyd James Austin calls on PM Modi; discuss defence ties & stability in Indo-Pacific region
  • India crosses landmark milestone of 4 crore Covid vaccinations