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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 20 February 2021

Q.) In which country, Facebook has stopped its NEWS FEED service?

  1. UK
  2. Australia
  3. India
  4. Canada

Q.) As per Greenpeace Southeast Asia analysis of cost to the economy due to air pollution, approximately, how many people died in Delhi, in 2020,due to Air Pollution?

  1. 2400
  2. 5400
  3. 24000
  4. 54000

Q.) Which city of India is TREE CITIES OF THE WORLD

  1. Gandhinagar
  2. Chandigarh
  3. Mohali
  4. Hyderabad

Q.) Who is Principal Adviser to the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation also known as METROMAN

  1. Durga Shankar Mishra
  2. Shreedharan
  3. TN Sheshan
  4. Mangu Singh

Q.) Who is the new Lt. Governor of Puducherry?

  1. Anandiben Patel
  2. Bhagat Singh Koshyari
  3. Tamilisai Soundararajan
  4. None of the above

Chinese checkers | Pioneer

  • Beijing has for the first time officially acknowledged casualties and named four officers and soldiers that it claims were killed in the clash.
  • The four have been honoured posthumously (मरणोपरांत), and an officer seriously wounded in the skirmish has also been awarded, by the Chinese leadership.
  • China has blamed India for it.
  • There are reports and satellite images taken by 3rd party - China has built a village comprising 120 houses five kms inside the disputed territory in Arunachal Pradesh

  • For the record, India had confirmed the loss of 20 Indian soldiers and injuries to 76 others shortly after the clash on June 15, 2020, and installed the names of the martyrs who were honoured for their bravery at memorials.
  • Indian intercepts also revealed that the Chinese side had suffered 43 casualties.
  • Meanwhile, with the troop disengagement at the Pangong Tso now complete, the 10th round of the Corps Commander-level talks are scheduled for Saturday.
  • The disengagement from Gogra, Hot Springs and the strategically-located Depsang Plains is likely to come up in the high-level meeting.

Defamation as crime

  • The acquittal of journalist Priya Ramani of the charge of defaming M.J. Akbar, a former Union Minister, journalist and author.
  • A conviction in this case would have had disastrous consequences for the many courageous women.
  • A welcome feature of the judgment is that the court was receptive to the defence that Ms. Ramani’s claims were true and made for the public good.
  • Additional Chief Metropolitan Magistrate, Ravindra Kumar Pandey, has placed the case in the correct perspective by noting that a woman cannot be punished for criminal defamation when she raises her voice against sexual harassment because “the right of reputation cannot be protected at the cost of the right of life and dignity of [the] woman”.
  • He has taken note of the unequal equations of power between the harasser and victim in most situations.
  • “a woman has a right to put her grievance at any platform of her choice and even after decades”
  • However, the court places it in the context of the need for women to have freedom, equality, equal opportunity and social protection, if they were to excel in an atmosphere in which their workforce participation is undesirably low.

Too many IITs, unrealistic expectations

  • Indian Institutes of Technology, or the IITs, are the crown jewels of Indian higher education
  • They are world-renowned for the quality of their graduates and for their academic programmes in a range of fields in technology and engineering — and in the past decade, in research and innovation through research parks as well.
  • They are among the few Indian higher education institutions that do reasonably well in the global rankings.
  • The recent decision of the University Grants Commission to permit select IITs under the ‘Institutions of Eminence’ category to set up campuses abroad could further weaken these already stretched institutions.
  • The original five IITs were established in the 1950s and early 1960s
  • Four had a foreign collaborator: IIT Bombay (the Soviet Union), IIT Madras (Germany), IIT Kanpur (the United States), and IIT Delhi (the United Kingdom).
  • Currently, there are 23 IITs. After setting up IIT Delhi in 1961, it took another 34 years to establish the sixth IIT in Guwahati (1994).
  • Since then, 17 more IITs have been established, including several that resulted from upgrading existing institutions.
  • Funded generously by the central government, the IITs focused exclusively on technology and engineering.
  • They later added the humanities and social sciences — but these programmes were modest until the 2020 National Education Policy emphasised the IITs should focus more on “holistic and multidisciplinary education”.
  • According to data available with the Council of Indian Institutes of Technology, the IITs are small institutions with average student enrolments in the five older IITs of around 10,000.
  • Some of the newer ones remain quite small, with fewer than 400 students.
  • The older IITs have faculties of around 1,000, while some of the new ones, such as those in Palakkad and Jammu, employ 100 or so.
  • Further, most of the IITs suffer from a severe shortage of professors.
  • For example, IIT Dhanbad is approved to hire 781 instructors but only 301 positions were filled as of January 2021.
  • The IITs are not universities; they have neither the range of disciplines nor the size that characterise universities worldwide.
  • The IITs started as undergraduate institutions; they gradually added small post-graduate programmes, but some are now adding significant post-graduate offerings.
  • The IITs have traditionally attracted high quality faculty, where most have doctorates from the most respected western universities.
  • The IITs could not attract a sufficient number of young faculty to fill vacancies resulting from retirements.
  • The emerging IT and related industries in India offered much more attractive salaries and exciting work opportunities, and many were lured to universities and industry in other countries.
  • Facilities and infrastructure are unlikely to be “world class.”
  • Another area is the lack of correlation between the local needs and IITs.
  • Most of the IITs and other prominent “Institutes of National Importance” are ‘academic enclaves’ with little connection with their regions.
  • The IITs need robust policies to attract international students.

The Quad endures | Ind Exp

  • Quad — the quadrilateral security framework involving Australia, India, Japan and the United States — the foreign ministers of the four countries conferred virtually on Thursday to reaffirm their commitment to a forum.
  • The real significance of the meeting was in the fact that the Biden national security team wanted to convene it within the first month of its tenure.
  • Quad themes — maritime security in the Indo-Pacific, counter-terrorism, cooperation on COVID-19 management, and building supply chain resilience
  • Quad has not only survived the political transition in Washington but is set to thrive.
  • The momentum behind the Quad picked up in 2020 in the wake of the COVID-19 crisis, China’s growing assertiveness, and deterioration of Beijing’s bilateral relations with all Quad partners.
  • This week’s Quad meeting, so soon after the agreement with China on Ladakh disengagement, underlines that India’s interest in the Quad is not tactical but profoundly strategic.
  • For India the Quad is really about addressing the growing power imbalance with China that has manifold consequences for India’s security and prosperity as well its regional and international standing.

NEWS

  • PM Modi chair sixth meeting of Governing Council of NITI Aayog
  • PM launches key power and urban sector projects in Kerala
  • India, China to hold tenth round of Corps Commander level talks
  • India crosses landmark milestone of over one crore vaccine doses administered against COVID-19
  • Pharma major Dr Reddy's Laboratories seeks emergency use authorisation of Sputnik V vaccine from DCGI
  • India, Ethiopia sign agreements on visa facilitation & leather technology
  • Strong India-Australia partnership will play important role in shaping post-COVID world: PM Modi
  • Go Electric campaign launched to ensure energy security in the country
  • Intensified Mission Indradhanush 3.0 launched to expand immunization coverage across country
  • Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar inaugurates Atal Paryavaran Bhavan
  • US officially re-joins Paris climate agreement overturning Donald Trump's decision to exit
  • G 7 leaders increase contribution to Covax vaccine-sharing initiative
  • EAM S Jaishankar holds telephonic conversation with new Foreign Minister of Armenia
  • 11th India-EU Macroeconomic dialogue held through video conferencing
  • Bangladesh, India relations attained a new height with PM Modi’s govt in India, says Foreign Minister Dr. Momen