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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 19 January 2021

A singular note | Ind Exp

  • The true essence of a nation lives in its arts and artists.
  • Ustaad Ghulam Mustafa Khan - was a flag-bearer of the Rampur Sahaswan gharana.
  • Singer and a mentor of  Lata Mangeshkar, Geeta Dutt, A R Rahman, Hariharan and Sonu Nigam
  • Born and raised in Badaun in UP, Khan was the grandson of Ut Inayat Ali Khan, a musician in Wajid Ali Khan’s court.
  • He trained under his father, Ut Waris Khan, and from relatives, including Ut Fida Hussain Khan and Ut Nissar Hussain Khan.

  • It was his rendering of jhoola kinne daala re in Muzaffar Ali’s Umrao Jaan (1981) that made him popular.
  • In fact, his concerts were representative of the Ganga-Jamuni confluence of cultures.
  • They would often have a Tulsidas bhajan segue into a tribute to Nizamuddin Auliya or a thumri describing Krishnaleela.

Poison and prison

  • The opposition politician who was poisoned in Siberia five months ago
  • He was in Germany, recovering from the poison attack
  • Last Sunday, he tried to return back home, authorities diverted his plane to a different airport on the outskirts and detained him.
  • He was warned by authorities, not to return.
  • But he came back, a clear defiance of Putin’s authority.
  • On Monday, a judge remanded him in custody for 30 days.
  • In Mr. Navalny, Mr. Putin has found his strongest political opponent in his two-decade-long rule.

Enhancing women’s employment is key to economic recovery | HT

  • ILO estimates, World Bank database: In 2019, before the Covid-19 pandemic, female labour force participation in India and South Asia was 20.5% and 23.5%, respectively.
  • Comparable estimates for males were 76% and 77%, respectively.
  • The Middle East and North Africa are the only regions with lower female participation than South Asia.
  • The pandemic has hit women disproportionately.
  • They work in sectors that have been the hardest hit
  • Work more than men do in the informal economy
  • Primary caregivers at home
  • ILO estimates: global female employment is 19% more at risk than male employment
  • Economist Ashwini Deshpande estimates: In India, compared to men, women were 9.5% less likely to be employed in August 2020 compared to August 2019
  • There is a 30% increase in new registrations on matrimonial websites
  • Lancet: in South Asia, an additional 200,000 girls are expected to be forced into child marriages this year
  • Child care-related issues
  • The Integrated Child Development Scheme provides some support, but it is not a full-time child care solution.
  • “Sangini Centres” of Self Employed Women’s Association (SEWA) provide full-day child care for 0-5 year olds, including nutrition, health and child care.
  • Governments can mandate paternity leave on a use-it-or-lose-it basis
  • Tackle the digital divide
  • 2019: internet users were 67% male and 33% female
  • Affordability of phones and computers, female digital literacy and its social context and inadequate technical content dedicated to women and girls
  • Use the income tax system to push female labour force participation
  • Lower income taxes for women can incentivise their participation
  • Mainstream gender-disaggregated data collection and monitoring
  • What is measured gets acted upon.
  • A UN Women Initiative called “Making Every Woman and Girl Count” was launched in 2016 to help prioritise gender data, ensure regular production of quality and comparable gender statistics, and ensure that data are accessible and used to inform policy.

Whatever it takes

  • Any mass campaign that involves voluntary effort on the part of the public can succeed only when transparency and open communication channels are the tools of choice.
  • For instance, Tamil Nadu, a State perceived to be largely health literate, and relatively well-equipped with health infrastructure, achieved only over 16% of its targeted coverage on the launch day.
  • On the second day of vaccination, the compliance further dropped; in some States, vaccination was suspended.
  • A marked favouring of the Covishield vaccine over Covaxin was also noticed in multiple States.
  • Clearly, vaccine hesitancy was not addressed sufficiently, or not taken seriously enough.
  • The inability of the government and agencies involved to amicably resolve controversies surrounding the clearance for Covaxin, even before it was able to produce interim data on efficacy from phase-3 trials, has had a direct consequence, as witnessed by poor numbers in its uptake so far.
  • A vaccine, unequivocally, is public good, but the lack of transparency surrounding the roll-out of the COVID vaccines has done little to enhance trust in this experiential principle.
  • Vaccinating the nation, however, is less a race than a slow and steady process.
  • Building confidence in the process is crucial to achieving the task at hand.

NEWS

  • PM Modi lays foundation stone of Ahmedabad Metro Rail Project Phase-II and Surat Metro Rail Project
  • Govt. releases 12th weekly installment of Rs 6,000 crore to States and UTs to meet GST compensation shortfall
  • India and Japan sign MoC to promote movement of skilled workers from India to Japan
  • Stranded ship MV Jag Anand with 23 Indian crew members from China reaches Japan; First batch of crew to fly back tonight
  • Education Ministry says, NEP-2020 covers wider spectrum of education from pre-primary to senior secondary
  • Health Minister Dr Harsh Vardhan inaugurates newly constructed Burns and Plastic Surgery Block of AIIMS
  • Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman holds pre-budget consultations with Finance Ministers of States and UTs
  • Defence Secretary Ajay Kumar inaugurates Swachhata Pakhwada organised by NCC at India Gate
  • DRDO hands over Motor Bike Ambulance Rakshita to CRPF
  • Union Health Minister Dr. Harsh Vardhan digitally chairs 148th session of Executive Board of WHO
  • India supplies consignment of 2 Mobile Harbour Cranes, MHCs to Iran’s Chabahar port
  • MoS for External Affairs V. Muraleedharan to undertake 3-day official visit to UAE from tomorrow
  • Death toll from tribal violence in Sudan’s Darfur climbs to 83