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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 18 March 2020

 

A case for more policewomen

  • Since 2009, Home Ministry set 33% as the target for women’s representation in the police.
  • At Central + State level: increase in women’s recruitment
  • 3.65% in 2009 to 8.98% in 2019: only a 5% increase in a decade
  • 2019: women comprised less than 10% of police personnel
  • Primary tool to increase women’s representation: Reservation
  •  Very few States apply reservation for women at all the entry points (constable, PSI, DySP)
  •  Women remain in large numbers at the bottom of the ladder without moving up.
  • No government has developed an action plan with clear timelines to meet the quota within a specified time period.
  •  Challenges: It is time to look beyond numbers
  • Frequent inter-district transfers
  • Disallowing postings in home districts for specified periods of time
  • Poor childcare support systems
  •  Lack of adequate facilities and infrastructure
  • Sexual harassment at the workplace
  •  The underlying assumption seems to be that an increase in numbers will automatically make the organisational culture more egalitarian
  •  Coming to terms with biometrics in policing
  • Police: not just for maintenance of peace in public places
  •  Focus: crime prevention and detection
  •  Traditional argument of criminologists: preventing a crime is arduous and usually beyond human capacity (because of the dimensions and complexities of modern society), solving a crime is relatively easy.
  •  It is in the area of crime detection that the police in most nations have lost public confidence.
  • Success rates in solving crime: between 30% and 40%
  • Except in sensational cases which have attracted public and media attention, the Indian police have also been guilty of underperformance.
  •  Crime using knives continue to worry London’s Metropolitan Police
  • Citizens no doubt demand newer crime control measures which will keep them safe.
  • Facial recognition technology: seeks to make inroads into the underworld’s ability to be elusive and their machinations in order to escape detection by the police radar.
  • Opposition to facial recognition technology has come mainly from two groups.
  1. Discriminates against minorities and ethnic groups
  2. Privacy violation
  • Our faces are already online in a number of places. In the ultimate analysis, any modern technology is fraught with hidden dangers.
  • Just as DNA testing establishes either the guilt or the innocence of a person arraigned for crime, facial recognition performs an equally vital role in criminal justice administration.
  • Improvement in handle digital evidence is visible

For a floor test first

  • Kamal Nath-led Congress government in Madhya Pradesh: should prove its majority on the floor of the legislature at the earliest.
  • Delaying tactics by Mr. Nath with more than a little help from the Speaker, who has adjourned the Assembly until March 26, go against democratic principles.
  • Governor Lalji Tandon: the government will be presumed to have lost the majority unless it takes a floor test immediately is untenable.
  • The resignation of 22 party MLAs has pushed Congress government into a crisis.
  • It is curious that the Speaker accepted the resignations of six MLAs while keeping the other 16 pending.
  • The BJP, the Congress and the rebel MLAs have all approached the Supreme Court which has taken up the matter with urgency.
  • The larger question facing democracy is that of trust and transparency.
  • Engineered resignations of lawmakers have become a new tool for sabotaging mandates and camouflaging defections.
  • When the top court adjudicates on the Madhya Pradesh petitions, this larger point must be taken into consideration.
  • The situation demands new guidelines by the Court to deal with the now-familiar malaise, beyond setting a reasonably quick deadline for a floor test.

A revival of multilateralism, steered by India

  • COVID-19 pandemic
  • That most challenges confronting the world and likely to confront it in the future, are crossnational in character
  • They respect no national boundaries and are not amenable to national solutions.
  • These challenges are cross-domain in nature, with strong feedback loops.
  • A disruption in one domain often cascades into parallel disruptions in other domains.
  •  Thus the use of chemical fertilizers and toxic pesticides may promote food security but have injurious health effects, undermining health security.
  •  Whether at the domestic or the international level, these inter-domain linkages need to be understood and inform policy interventions.

The UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) reflect this awareness.

  •  The intersection of cross-national and crossdomain challenges demand multilateral approaches.
  • They require empowered international institutions of governance.
  • Underlying these must be a spirit of internationalism and solidarity, a sense of belonging to a common humanity.

But our world is in reverse direction.

  •  In this context, Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s remarks at the recent The Economic Times Global Business Summit are to be welcomed.
  • While speaking of the COVID-19 crisis, he said, “Like today, the world is facing a huge challenge in the form of Corona Virus. Financial institutions have also considered it a big challenge for the financial world. Today, we all have to face this challenge together. We have to be victorious with the power of our resolution of ‘Collaborate to Create’.”
  •  He went on to observe that while the world today is “inter-connected, inter-related and also interdependent”, it has “not been able to come on a single platform or frame a Global Agenda, a global goal of how to overcome world poverty, how to end terrorism, how to handle Climate Change issues.” He claimed, India was still “neutral” — presumably meaning non-alignment — “but not on the basis of distance but on the basis of friendship”.
  • He cited India’s friendship with Iran and Saudi Arabia, and with the U.S. as well as Russia.
  • “There was a time when people were neutral by creating equal distance, but we are now neutral by creating equal friendship. Today we are being friends and trying to walk together. This is the very essence of India’s foreign policy and the economic policy of India today.”
  •  The international peace-keeping contribution that the Prime Minister referred to has its origins in Nehru’s sense of international responsibility.
  • The foreign policy of his predecessors had been rooted in India’s civilisational sense, its evolving place in the international system and its own changing capabilities.
  •  The Prime Minister made no reference to the role of the U.N., the premier multilateral institution, as a global platform for collaborative initiatives
  •  If one has to look for a “single platform” where a Global Voice could be created, as the Prime Minister suggested, surely a reformed and strengthened U.N. should be on India’s agenda.

 NEWS

  •  Floor test: SC asks M.P. govt. to respond today
  •  COVID-19 claims third victim in country
  •  51 private labs will soon be allowed to conduct tests
  •  Pollution may affect COVID-19 patients
  • ‘People’s confidence in judiciary shaken’
  • Former Supreme Court judge Kurian Joseph said on Tuesday that by accepting a Rajya Sabha nomination, former Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi had shaken the common man’s confidence in the independence of the judiciary.
  •  Gogoi defends RS nomination
  • SC upholds right of women naval officers