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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 18 August 2021

Doctor at the door | TH

  • Long before the pandemic struck, health experts had warned of a health epidemic — one that involved non-communicable diseases (NCDs).
  • When access to health care institutions was severed all of a sudden, States had to introspect about how they could bolster their health-care set-up in ways that would protect it from such disruptions.
  • For Tamil Nadu, this introspection resulted in its ‘Makkalai Thedi Maruthuvam’ scheme, a community-based intervention to tackle and treat NCDs and to address the crucial issues of prevention and early detection.
  • Inaugurated by Chief Minister M.K. Stalin earlier this month, it involves a tentative budget in excess of ₹250 crore.
  • It includes population-based screening for the 18-plus population for 10 common conditions — hypertension, diabetes, oral, cervical and breast cancers, TB, leprosy, chronic kidney disease, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, mental health — and the delivery of hypertension/diabetes drugs to patients aged 45-plus besides to those with restricted or poor mobility.

  • The State, which has a high burden of NCDs, also acted on data that indicated very low community control rates for hypertension (7.3%) and diabetes (10.8%) among patients.
  • According to the India: Health of the Nation’s States report, in 2016, 55% of the total disease burden in India was caused by NCDs, with the burden of NCDs increasing across all States from 1990 to 2016.
  • It is ideal that nations prepare themselves to face further epidemics that might occur and cause similar disruptions in society by arming themselves to overcome such drawbacks.
  • The Tamil Nadu initiative is a well-meaning notch in trying to address this; the efficacy of its chosen method of door delivery of drugs has been proven earlier with the supervised drug regimen, or DOTS therapy used in tuberculosis control.

English For All | ToI

  • Pakistan’s PM Imran Khan used it as a convenient peg to characterise English-medium schools in his country as an example of adoption of someone else’s culture.
  • His views may have had some in India nodding in agreement.

  • A popular framing of this argument in India is that if a child’s early years of schooling is in the mother tongue it aids learning.
  • In the political arena, it becomes a case of English, a colonial inheritance, versus Indian languages.
  • A salient feature of Indian society is its linguistic diversity that is also the basis of the formation of some states.
  • The Constitution has 22 languages in its eighth schedule.
  • A straight comparison with countries that lack this level of linguistic diversity is inappropriate.
  • Increasingly, English is the popular choice as a medium of instruction.
  • Data from the 75th round of NSS (2017-18) shows that 16.7% of students picked English-medium instruction as the reason to attend private schools, the third most cited cause.
  • UDISE report of 2019-20 shows that a little over 25% of schoolchildren now study in English-medium schools, with Haryana reporting a 23 percentage point increase over a five-year period.
  • More than half the schoolchildren in the five southern states chose English-medium.
  • English opens a pathway to a global repository of knowledge and opportunities.
  • By contrast, Indian languages have been hamstrung by the lack of effort in creating adequate material to keep up with an ever-expanding universe of knowledge.
  • Being practical is not slavery.
  • NEP also pointed out that languages such as English, Japanese, Hebrew, among others, remain relevant through a steady stream of quality learning material and a consistent update to their vocabularies.
  • That should be the focus of Indian language institutions.

The script of the new endgame in Afghanistan| TH

  • The Taliban’s duplicity in projecting, at one level the image of a mature group during the Doha talks while at another, perpetuating violence of the most ferocious kind, is clearly evident as events unfold.
  • Afghanistan today is in a condition that is far worse than what existed when the Russians withdrew in the 1990s.
  • At that time, there was at least a titular leader around whom those opposed to the Taliban could hope to mobilise and put up a fight.
  • After the Russian withdrawal in the 1990s, Afghanistan still had a future, for in the final years of the 20th century, the world was intent on making efforts to prevent Afghanistan from becoming a ‘black hole’ that would create mayhem across a vast region that bordered Iran, Pakistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and China.
  • In the 1990s, moreover, the Taliban were a band of outlaws.
  • Today, it is recognised — may be with different degrees of disdain — by powers such as the U.S., Russia and China, and is on the brink of gaining a country.
  • For a regulated international order that most countries across the world seek, there could be no greater tragedy than the emergence of a ‘roguestate under the Taliban.
  • References to Afghanistan becoming another Syria are again misplaced.
  • At the worst of times, Syria had a relatively strong President (Bashar al-Assad), while Afghan President Ghani can hardly be compared to him.
  • The territory of Afghanistan is also very different from that of Syria.
  • Afghanistan’s borders, with Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, unlike that of Syria are extremely porous and almost impossible to guard or protect.
  • In Afghanistan, the Taliban is intent on keeping absolute control and is counting on China, Russia, and Pakistan to do so.
  • All of them are more intent on keeping out the U.S., and in effect India.
  • In light of this, U.S. claims to ‘make America great again’ sound extremely hollow.
  • As a matter of fact, there has been a resurgence in    al Qaeda activities recently. The IS, after some earlier setbacks, is again regrouping and currently poses a real threat to areas abutting, and including, Afghanistan.
  • Under the leadership of the Communist Party, Vietnam was able to emerge as a vibrant nation with a thriving economy.
  • Under the Taliban regime, Afghanistan cannot hope for any such outcome.
  • Among Afghanistan’s neighbours, India and Iran are two countries that would find accommodation with a Taliban-dominated Afghanistan very difficult.
  • If the 21st century was expected to become the century of progress, the situation in Afghanistan represents a severe setback to all such hopes and expectations.
  • A great deal of hard thinking is needed as to how to retrieve a situation that for the present seems heavily tilted against India.

More feed, better productivity | TH

  • A major stumbling block faced by Indian farmers pertains to the lack of affordable good quality feed and fodder for livestock.
  • A study by the Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute has observed that for every 100 kg of feed required, India is short of 23.4 kg of dry fodder, 11.24 kg of green fodder, and 28.9 kg of concentrate feed.
  • This is one of the chief reasons why Indian livestock’s milk productivity is 20%-60% lower than the global average.
  • If we break down the input costs, we find that feed constitutes 60%-70% of milk production costs.
  • The significance of Sub-Mission on Fodder and Feed recently announced by the Indian government is underscored by the fact that livestock is the major source of cash income for about 13 crore marginal farmers and is an insurance in the event of crop failure.
  • The lack of good quality feed and fodder impacts the productivity levels of cattle.
  • As about 200 million Indians are involved in dairy and livestock farming, the scheme is important from the perspective of poverty alleviation.
  • When the National Livestock Mission was launched in 2014, it focused on supporting farmers in producing fodder from non-forest wasteland/grassland, and cultivation of coarse grains.
  • However, this model could not sustain fodder availability due to lack of backward and forward linkages in the value chain.
  • Therefore, the Mission has been revised to make the programme focus primarily on assistance towards seed production and the development of feed and fodder entrepreneurs.
  • It now provides for 50% direct capital subsidy to the beneficiaries under the feed and fodder entrepreneurship programme and 100% subsidy on fodder seed production to identified beneficiaries.
  • The Sub-Mission on Fodder and Feed intends to create a network of entrepreneurs who will make silage (the hub) and sell them directly to the farmers (the spoke).
  • It is premised on the idea that the funding of the hub will lead to the development of the spoke.
  • The large-scale production of silage will bring down the input cost for farmers since silage is much cheaper than concentrate feed.
  • Private entrepreneurs, self-help groups, farmer producer organisations, dairy cooperative societies, and Section 8 companies (NGOs) can avail themselves of the benefits under this scheme.
  • The scheme will provide 50% capital subsidy up to ₹50 lakh towards project cost to the beneficiary for infrastructure development and for procuring machinery for value addition in feed such as hay/silage/total mixed ration.
  • The scheme can be used for covering the cost of infrastructure/machinery such as bailing units, harvester, chaff cutter, sheds, etc.
  • The revised scheme has been designed with the objectives of increasing productivity, reducing input costs, and doing away with middlemen (who usually take a huge cut).
  • A major challenge in the feed sector emanates from the fact that good quality green fodder is only available for about three months during the year.
  • So, the ideal solution would be to ferment green fodder and convert it into silage.
  • Hence, under the fodder entrepreneurship programme, farmers will receive subsidies and incentives to create a consistent supply chain of feed throughout the year.
  • The idea is that farmers should be able to grow the green fodder between two crop seasons and entrepreneurs can then convert it into silage and sell it at nearby markets at one-tenth of the price of concentrate/dry feed ensuring affordable quality fodder to dairy farmers.
  • In this context, it is heartening to see successful models of silage entrepreneurship by several start-ups across the country.
  • Since India has a livestock population of 535.78 million, an effective implementation of this scheme will play a major role in increasing the return on investment for our farmers.

NEWS

  • PM Modi chairs meeting of Cabinet Committee on security following events in Afghanistan
  • EAM Dr. S. Jaishankar holds discussions with UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres on Afghanistan
  • UNHRC to hold Special Session next week on Afghanistan’s situation
  • New Delhi slams Islamabad for attacks on cultural heritage of minority communities in Pakistan
  • India’s COVID-19 vaccination coverage crosses 56 crore mark
  • Health Minister announces over 1300 crore rupees package for infrastructure development in health sector of North Eastern states
  • New Zealand announces snap lockdown after man tested positive for Covid
  • PM Modi described North East as his aspirational region: MoS Dr. Rajkumar Ranjan Singh
  • Govt committed to safe return of all Indian nationals in Afghanistan: MEA

Q.) When was the Indian Standard Time officially introduced?

  1. August 15, 1947
  2. September 1, 1947
  3. January 26, 1950
  4. January 30, 1932

Q.) How much does the tyre industry contribute to the natural rubber consumption in India?

  1. More than 90%
  2. More than 70%
  3. More than 80%
  4. More than 60%