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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 17 November 2021

Our Airpocrisies | ToI

  • Supreme Court’s suggestion of a two-day lockdown amid sharp deterioration in the National Capital Region’s air quality
  • For lakhs who must be outdoors to earn livelihoods, lockdowns for air quality will feel like a cruel joke.
  • NCR’s air crisis is a policy and political failure.
  • Delhi government responded that merely locking down the capital isn’t enough for a perceptible impact on air quality, and proposed the same bitter medicine for its neighbours.
  • The enormous damage to public health from severe air quality has sadly produced few ideas, only to be marred by poor implementation.
  • GoI’s affidavit noting just 4-10% contribution by farm fires despite government’s own data blaming it for up to 50% of pollutants in the last fortnight betrays a listless approach to a knotty problem encompassing farm, health, energy and urban planning policies.
  • Various judicial crackdowns on the automobile sector to up their green standards, Delhi government’s war on vehicles through an oddeven experiment, and GoI’s belief that electric vehicles will solve air pollution fail to recognise that burning coal, biomass and farm residue alongside land desertification contribute to 85% of air pollution.
  • With their proximate link to poverty, energy needs, waste management and land degradation, these demand concerted inter-governmental actions.
  • Tackling the 85% causative factor needs political will and policy ideas.
  • Let ideas flow from experts.
  • Let administrators put them into practice.
  • Let’s see some leadership, but not from judges.

‘China Wants Final Say On Border Dispute’ | ToI

  • How do you view China’s recent ramping up of tensions across the Taiwan Strait?
  • Xi Jinping wants to demonstrate that the Taiwan Strait is under control given that international support for Taiwan is increasing.
  • Xi intends to flex his muscles at the Taiwanese people and the international community to show that the PRC has the final say on the Taiwan issue.

Alan Yang, Distinguished professor at the Institute of International Relations, National Chengchi University, and executive director Taiwan-Asia

  • Is China really prepared to go to war over Taiwan or is Beijing’s rhetoric more a form of psychological warfare?
  • China needs to militarise itself in the South China Sea and Taiwan Strait, actually, in all its neighbouring waters, so that it is not trapped and managed by major powers.
  • I think their preparation has two meanings – one for domestic propaganda to ensure trust and compliance with Xi’s leadership and second to weaken the trust among Taiwanese people towards the governing Democratic Progressive Party administration.
  • Chinese PLA may display its assertiveness but would not directly confront US forces in neighbouring waters.
  • If China’s intention is to weaken the US alliance system, why did it engage in border clashes with India that has the opposite effect?
  • China’s attitude towards its border management is assertive
  • In the South China Sea its artificial island building and the frequent patrols and drills of PLA navy
  • China’s land border is the priority for military preparedness of PLA.
  • Beijing can adopt a harsh approach against India because it thinks India will continue to maintain a defensive position.
  • Do you see a resolution of the India-China border dispute anytime soon?
  • China would like to show the world that it has the final say on the border dispute.
  • If India gives in, a tentative resolution will be possible.
  • How can India and Taiwan collaborate to counter Chinese aggression and pressure?
  • Democracies like India and Taiwan need to help each other.
  • Supply chains may be one area of cooperation.
  • Importance of a robust ‘survival chain’
  • Taiwan’s TSMC is a key provider of semiconductor chips
  • Taiwan’s capacity in defending democratic resilience, a unique model for Covid-19 pandemic governance, national experience of developing high-quality locally produced vaccines.
  • I do believe that India, as a giant in the Indo-Pacific region and a partner country of Taiwan’s New Southbound Policy (NSP), will have even more contributions to make to the survival chain in the Indo-Pacific.
  • Taiwan-Asia Exchange Foundation has been working with India’s National Maritime Foundation on linking up Taiwan’s NSP with India’s Indo-Pacific Oceans Initiative.

For more than a waiver | TH

  • The announcement by Russia that supplies of the S-400 Triumf system to India have already begun has set the stage for Russian President Vladimir Putin’s visit in early December.
  • The deal for the air defence system was signed in 2018 during Mr. Putin’s visit then.
  • In 2017, the U.S. had passed its Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA) that provided for economic and travel sanctions against countries and officials that transacted significant military and intelligence contracts with Russia, North Korea and Iran.
  • The Modi government has, justifiably, paid little heed to U.S. warnings that the sanctions — slapped on China and NATO partner, Turkey, for buying the S-400 — could also be used against India.
  • In contrast to its cave-in on similar U.S. threats over the purchase of Iranian oil in 2019, Government officials have asserted that the deal is an essential part of India’s defences at a time of challenges on its eastern and western frontiers.
  • U.S. President Joe Biden has been authorised by the Congress to waive sanctions if the waiver is found to be in American “vital national security interests”, or, that India would reduce its future dependence on Russian weaponry.
  • While it is unlikely India would give assurances on the latter, it is easy to argue, as many U.S. Congress representatives have done in a proposed amendment to CAATSA, that India is a prized U.S. partner — of the Quad, the Indo-Pacific and in countering China.
  • Above all, the U.S. must recognise that its unilateral sanctions, which are not U.N. endorsed, undermine the multilateral system.
  • New Delhi must make it clear to Washington that the law should be abandoned, as it negates the very “rules-based international order” that is the foundation of the India-U.S. global strategic partnership.

UP’s Expressways To Development | ET

  • The Purvanchal Expressway inaugurated by the prime minister in election-bound Uttar Pradesh not just creates a stretch of high-quality road to provide the vast state’s eastern periphery fast connectivity with the state capital but also lays the groundwork for future urbanisation all along its 340-km route.
  • It holds the potential to raise India’s GDP growth rate by opening up one of India’s most backward regions to exciting possibilities of growth.
  • Year of Launch: October 2015
  • Length: 340.824 kms
  • Lanes: Six
  • Estimated cost: ₹22,494 crores
  • Deadline of opening: October 2021
  • Project model: Procurement, construction, and engineering
  • Owner-operator:  Uttar Pradesh Expressway Industrial Development Authority (UPEIDA)
  • The Purvanchal Expressway also complements the Noida-Agra Expressway and the Agra-Lucknow Expressway built in the past to create fast, almost seamless connectivity between the National Capital Region and Ghazipur, near Bihar.
  • A road is a road is a road, without complementary infrastructure to let industrial clusters come up along the road and serve as the nuclei of new towns, new hubs of new economic activity.
  • Uninterrupted, stable power supply, functional law and order, schools, healthcare and other facilities for the families of those who work in the new towns, literate, skill-upgradable workers, peaceful labour relations and social cohesion — such other factors must be available for roads to catalyse new development.
  • The goal must be to bring these also into being.
  • And that calls for governance beyond tough policing and pouring concrete.
  • The government is unlikely to shut the door on cryptocurrencies and instead take a nuanced approach.
  • They may not be permitted as currency to settle transactions and make payments but could be held as an asset like shares, gold or bonds.

Financial News

  • The government is finalising legislation that will pave the way for regulation of crypto asset trading while barring the use of virtual currencies for payments and transactions.
  • India has set up a working group to thrash out a free trade agreement (FTA) with the six-nation grouping of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), commerce and industry minister Piyush Goyal.
  • At the Confederation of Indian Industry’s national conference on multinational corporations 2021, he also said that India attracted “record” foreign direct investments (FDI) in the past seven years.
  • The minister also said that India will have an FTA with the UAE in the next 60-100 days and an interim agreement with Australia around the same time, though it could get operationalised in another six months.

NEWS

  • Govt took brave decisions of monetising unused and under-used elements to revive economy: PM
  • Kartarpur Sahib Corridor to re-open from today
  • India will be next investment global hotspot, says Commerce & Industry Minister Piyush Goyal
  • Health Minister Mansukh Mandaviya urges all partners to join hands for Har Ghar Dastak campaign for COVID Vaccination
  • India’s COVID vaccination coverage crosses 113 crore 61 lakh mark
  • I&B Minister Anurag Thakur greets media fraternity on National Press Day
  • Guinness World Records recognises achievement of BRO for constructing world's highest motorable road
  • Union Minister Giriraj Singh inaugurates 'Bhumi Samvaad' - National Workshop on DILRMP
    • Union Minister for Rural Development and Panchayati Raj Giriraj Singh inaugurated 'Bhumi Samvaad' - National Workshop on Digital India Land Record Modernisation Programme (DILRMP) today in New Delhi.
  • Union Minister Piyush Goyal lauds MNCs for contribution to Indian Economy

ANS

Q.) NALCO reported a more than seven-fold jump in second quarter net profit  at Rs. 758 crore. What is the full form of NALCO?

  • Natural Aluminium Corporation
  • National Aluminium Company Limited
  • National Aluminium Corporation
  • National Arsenic Company Limited

MCQs

Q.) Which famous historian and Padma Visbhushan awardee passed away on Monday?

  • Balwant Mreshwar Purandare
  • Irfan Habib
  • Ramchandra Guha
  • Romila Thapar