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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 17 February 2021

At cross-purposes | Pioneer

  • The Governor of a State should not ideally be a political appointee.
  • The status of the coveted post has nosedived
  • A Governor is only a nominal head with no real power vested in him/her
  • S/he can play a decisive role at crucial junctures much to the discomfiture of the State’s dispensation
  • When it comes to the approval of important Bills passed by the State Assembly
    • A governor can waste time or can sit over these Bills indefinitely
  • The cold war between the Governor and the Chief Minister can turn ugly.
  • The State Government must understand that even if the Governor is working as the Centre’s “stooge”, the reputation of the State and its institutions suffers from such shows of disagreement.
  • More action, therefore, is expected in the ongoing war between the Raj Bhawan and the CMO, with the people, democracy and ethos standing at a crossroads.

The Future Fuel | MilPost

  • The time for the hydrogen economy is opportune for India.
  • Hydrogen economy has a great potential for boosting India's energy security and alleviating the greenhouse gases (GHGs) emissions.
  • Hydrogen can be used as a fuel in a variety of applications, including fuel cell power generation and fuel cell vehicles.

  • It combusts cleanly, producing only water and no other obnoxious gases, and can be used as fuel in conventional Internal Combustion (IC) engines to produce mechanical or electrical power.
  • Also, its energy efficiency is higher than IC engines that run on conventional fuels like petrol or diesel.
  • The hydrogen IC engine is said to have about 38% efficiency which is 8% higher than petrol IC engine
  • The European Union, the Hydrogen Council and Bloomberg New Energy Finance (BNEF) have reported that hydrogen could grow from 2% of the global energy mix in 2018 to 13-24% by 2050, at about 8% CAGR at the mid-point.
  • The Hydrogen Council predicts investment of USD 150 billion by 2030.
  • Hydrogen must be produced cheaply and in an eco-friendly manner
  • Hydrogen should be manufactured using local resources and indigenous technologies.
  • Hydrogen production technologies are broadly categorised as — grey hydrogen, blue hydrogen, and green hydrogen.
  • The main difference among the grey, blue, and green hydrogen is that the hydrogen is produced using fossil fuels, non-renewable energy, and renewable energy, respectively.
  • The Hydrogen Council, founded in 2017 has now 109 companies as members from more than 20 countries.
  • However, the transition to a hydrogen economy faces many challenges including large-scale infrastructures for refilling stations of hydrogen akin to those of petrol, diesel and natural gas; and the cost of hydrogen production, transport, and storage.
  • These challenges can be overcome collectively through partnership among stakeholders, continued research across institutions, and above all, local government policies.
  • Hydrogen can substitute fossil fuels in some carbon-intensive industrial processes, such as steel and chemical and allied industry, lowering GHGs and further bolstering global competitiveness for those industries.
  • It can be used to supplement other renewables
  • Indian Oil has planned to purchase 15 polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cell buses that can run on hydrogen fuel and is also setting up a facility to produce hydrogen to run the buses.
  • The Ministry of Natural Gas and Petroleum must also be applauded for creating the hydrogen corpus fund.
  • The high capital cost of fuel cell, about USD 5,500/kW, is one of the major hurdles in its development that must be surmounted before its commercialisation.

In telehealth, scaling up the Indian advantage

  • July 2020 - World Health Organization study - showed that essential services were disrupted in the majority of countries.
  • Detection of tuberculosis cases was down by 50% in April-December of 2020
  • Antenatal care visits were down by 56% in the first half of 2020
  • With stoppage of routine follow ups, blood sugar control for diabetics was at risk.
  • Cancer care has been badly affected in many countries
  • No/lack of access to medical facilities - people living in rural and remote areas
  • Virtual consultations avoid the risk of COVID-19 transmission and are helping to bridge this socio-economic divide.
  • Indian government’s eSanjeevani platform
    • provider-to-patient interactions
    • provider-to-provider interactions
  • Remote shared medical appointments
  • The Aravind Eye Hospital in Puducherry has successfully trialled in-person SMAs for patients with glaucoma, a disease that causes gradual, irreversible blindness.
  • Testing and vaccine adoption is stymied by misinformation.
  • Data plans are cheaper in India than anywhere
  • Indians from all socioeconomic groups regularly enjoy group video chats with friends and relatives
  • WHO’s Global Strategy on Digital Health, adopted by the World Health Assembly
  • ‘Health for All’

The viability of two proposals

  • West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee - suggested that there be four capital
  • Parliament sessions should be held in each of the four capitals in a rotating manner.
  • Parliament buildings in three other regions
  • Accommodation for all the MPs and the adjunct staff

  • Houses and other facilities will remain empty for a long time
  • Providing security
  • Transportation and Commutation expenses


Q.)Who announced in December 1911 that Delhi would be the new capital?

  1. Queen Victoria
  2. Queen Elizabeth II
  3. King George V
  4. None of the above

A proposal to be considered

  • A similar request was made in January 2021 when the Bar Councils of the five southern States called for a Supreme Court bench in south India.
  • Distance from South India to Delhi
  • The exorbitant fees of the Supreme Court lawyers in New Delhi is another deterrent.
  • While speaking at an online event last year, Attorney General K.K. Venugopal suggested that four benches of Court of Appeal with 15 judges each be created across the country to reduce the burden of the Supreme Court.
  • With cases mounting in various courts, a viable solution needs to be worked out.
  • Easy accessibility to justice for every citizen is a right that cannot be countered.


  • PM Modi to launch several key projects of oil & gas sector in Tamil Nadu today
  • Kiran Bedi removed as Puducherry Lieutenant Governor; Telangana Governor Tamilisai Soundararajan given additional charge
  • Karnataka govt makes RT-PCR negative certificate mandatory for all passengers arriving from UK, Brazil and South Africa
  • Over 88 lakh people administered Covid-19 vaccine in country; recovery rate improves to 97.32 per cent.
  • Union Minister Nitin Gadkari says, Fastag was only option for facilitation of transport - he said that there was a need to promote alternative fuels other than diesel and petrol
  • Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman addresses Directors of Central Board of RBI
  • Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs launches Pilot Pey Jal Survekshan
  • Union Minister Dharmendra Pradhan addresses Joint Conference of 11th World PetroCoal Congress and World Future Fuel Summit in New Delhi
  • President Ram Nath Kovind inaugurates Rashtrapati Bhavan Krida Sthal in President’s Estate
  • External Affairs Minister Dr S Jaishankar holds virtual meeting with Foreign Minister of Cyprus Nikos Christodulides
  • Deputy PM and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ethiopia Demeke Mekonnen Hassen to arrive in New Delhi this evening
  • Foreign Secretary Harsh Vardhan Shringla to be on 2-day official visit to Moscow from tomorrow
  • Bangladesh: Death sentence to 5 persons for murder of writer Avijit Roy