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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 15 March 2021
  • Scania
  • Justin Trudeau
  • Iceland

Q.) Maratha reservation was in news recently. The famous Indra Sawhney case (1992) is better known as?

  1. Mandal Verdict
  2. Maratha Reservation Verdict
  3. Women’s Reservation Bill
  4. Dalit Reservation Verdict

Q.) Name the capital of South American nation Bolivia

  1.  La Paz
  2. Caracas
  3. Santiago
  4. Paramaribo

Q.) Sri Lanka is going to ban Burqa and shut 1000 plus madrasas under which controversial law?

  1. Prevention of Terrorism Law
  2. Anti-Terror Vigilance Law
  3. Anti-Terrorism Act
  4. Crime and Security Law

Forestalling a cyber Pearl Harbour

  • Recorded Future had found an increase in malware attacks targeting the Indian government, defence organisations and the public sector.
  • Certain Indian power facilities had been targets of a cyber attack
  • State authorities in Maharashtra attributed the blackout to the attack by the Chinese cyber group, but authorities in Delhi blamed it on human error.
  • Cyber weapons to target India
  • China’s intention evidently is to keep India in thrall, while outwardly demonstrating a conciliatory posture, such as vacating some of the areas in Eastern Ladakh that it had occupied post April 2020.
  • A wake-up call for India
  • Indian government agencies, such as the National Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Centre (NCIIPC) and the Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) may have more information on China’s aggressive cyber campaign.
  • What Recorded Future has said....we need to be vigilant
  • RedEcho, a China-linked activity group, that targets India’s power sector, and facilitates the employment of a malware known as ShadowPad
  • ShadowPad is a network intrusion malware affiliated to both the Chinese Ministry of State Security and the People’s Liberation Army.
  • ShadowPad is depicted as a “back-door ‘Trojan’ malware which creates a secret path from a targeted system to a command and control server to extract information”.
  • India needs to adopt comprehensive measures to forestall a potential ‘Cyber Pearl Harbour’, as far as India is concerned.
  • Across the world, Beijing does appear to be engaged in a major cyber offensive, directed not only against countries like India but against many advanced nations as well.
  • Chinese cyber espionage sets no limitations on targets.
  • A global ‘spearphishing campaign’ targeting organisations responsible for vaccine storage and transportation was reportedly unleashed.
  • Very recently in 2021, several thousands of U.S. organisations were hacked in an unusually aggressive Chinese espionage campaign.
  • While Chinese cyber espionage may be the flavour of the month, what must be recognised is that many other countries, including the U.S. and Russia, do engage in the same kind of cyber warfare.
  • Cyber attacks and cyber espionage could rewrite the history of our times.
  • The Ukraine example should be a wake-up call for India and the world, as in the intervening five years, the sophistication of cyber attacks and the kind of malware available have become more advanced.
  • U.S. President Joe Biden is now understood to have included a sum of over $10 billion for cyber security in his COVID-19 Relief Bill, which is clearly intended to improve U.S. ‘readiness and resilience in cyber space’.
  • Under Mr. Xi, China has forged a firm nexus between authoritarianism, global ambitions and technology, and is determined to transform the global order to advance its interests.
  • China’s 2021 Defence Budget (amounting to $209 billion) gives special weightage to the Strategic Support Force (SSF), which embraces cyber warfare — an ominous portent that bodes little good for countries that posit a challenge to China’s ambitions, such as India.

Future force for future wars

  • While addressing the country’s top military leadership in Gujarat’s Kevadia recently, Prime Minister Narendra Modi asked the top commanders to develop the military into a future force while taking note of the rapidly changing technological landscape.
  • He also called for an approach that focuses on breaking down civil-military silos and on expediting the speed of decision-making besides shedding the legacy system.
  • Earlier, wars used to be easy to define.
  • We could say with confidence whether we were at war or at peace.
  • We could identify whom we were fighting with and at which front.
  • The character of war was demonstrated depending upon the norms and ideology of society, technology, and anonymity.
  • These include ‘hyper’, ‘hybrid’, ‘compound’, ‘non-linear’, ‘fourth-generation’, ‘next-generation’ and ‘contactless’.
  • Such being the unpredictability, how do you modernise a force and make it ready for the future?
  • Cutting-edge technology, exploration of new operational concepts for utilising such technology, and retaining the best and brightest in human resource to achieve the objective of peace.
  • Robotics and system autonomy, miniaturisation, Big Data, and advanced manufacturing
  • It provides for autonomous learning systems, collaborative decision-making between humans and machines, assisted human operations, advanced manned-unmanned systems operations, network-enabled autonomous weapons, and high-speed projectiles.
  • Technologies like these can be expected to cause unprecedented effects and disruption by impacting cognitive and perceptional domains through weapons, soldiers, robots, and cyborgs.
  • Tactical actions undertaken through these can be expected to cause strategic effects.
  • Perhaps the most important political trend affecting armed conflict in the 21st century will be in the relationship between civilians and those who fight on their behalf.
  • This is what the Prime Minister said needs to change when he asked for breaking of civilian-military silos.

Salutary reminder

  • With just over two weeks left to the March 31 deadline for the government and RBI to complete the quinquennial review of the current inflation target under the monetary policy framework, the latest Consumer Price Index (CPI) reading provides a salutary reminder for policymakers to maintain a ceaseless vigil over price stability.
  • Retail inflation, measured by the CPI, accelerated to a three-month high of 5.03% in February, data released by the National Statistical Office on Friday showed.
  • Food and fuel costs continue to pose a threat to broader price stability in the economy.
  • Specifically, the RBI’s early February prognostication of continuing pressures in the prices of pulses and edible oils has been borne out by the last two months’ CPI data.
  • Inflation of both essential food products has persisted in the double digits during the period, and in the case of the latter, accelerated disconcertingly to 20.8% last month.
  • Price gains with respect to two other key sources of protein, meat and fish and eggs, also remain stuck above 11%.
  • The upshot was that food and beverages as a combined category, with a weight of 54.2% in the CPI, witnessed an almost 160 basis points quickening in inflation to 4.25% last month, from January’s 2.67%.
  • Upward trajectory in the prices of petroleum products
  • Diesel, the main fuel for freight carriage, is now hovering around ₹85 per litre in many parts and will most certainly feed into the costs of everything requiring to be transported.

Financial News

  • Messaging Apps & Traceability Demand
    • Companies will have to comply with India’s demand to trace the origin of contentious messages
    • India’s demand for metadata of the first originator
    • India said it will use metadata of originators only in cases of serious crimes
    • WhatsApp has 3 months to comply with the February notification
  • ASSET MONETISATION
    • Aviation ministry is preparing to sell its stakes in companies that operate airports in Delhi, Mumbai, Bengaluru and Hyderabad
    • The move will not impact the revenue share arrangement that AAI has with Delhi and Mumbai airports.
    • The aviation ministry has an asset monetisation target of ₹20,000 crore for FY22.
    • The promoters of these airport companies have the right of first refusal (RoFR) in these projects.
  • PLI SCHEME
    • MAIT asked the government to increase the financial incentives offered under the ₹7,350-crore PLI scheme
    • Extend the timeline for such benefits
    • Allow wider participation in federal procurement programmes
    • MAIT chief executive officer George Paul confirmed the development and said since India is a signatory to the Information Technology Agreement (ITA-1) of WTO, these brands can import laptops, computers and tablets at zero duty.
  • Privatisation Plan
    • Niti Aayog has kept Punjab National Bank, Union Bank, Canara Bank, Indian Bank, Bank of Baroda and SBI
    • These banks were part of an earlier round of consolidation.
    • The government had in August 2019 undertaken a massive consolidation exercise merging 10 PSBs into four, which brought down their total number to 12 from 27.
    • The Niti Aayog’s recommendation to exclude these is in line with the thinking within the finance ministry that is keen on expeditious integration of systems at these banks.
    • FinMin set a disinvestment target of Rs 1.75 lakh crore for FY22.

NEWS

  • Both Houses of Parliament to resume proceedings today after a break of four days
  • More than ten lakh 32 thousand students register for PM's interactive academic programme 'Pariksha Pe Charcha'
  • Scrutiny of nomination to take place for second phase of Assembly elections in West Bengal and Assam
  • J&K govt approves interest-free loan worth two lakh rupees for beneficiaries of PMAY-U
  • Antilia bomb scare case: Mumbai Police Officer Sachin Waze remanded to NIA till March 25
  • President Kovind emphasizes on development of people of Tribal, Dalit community
  • PM Modi to share his thoughts in 'Mann Ki Baat' programme on March 28
  • India inches closer to administration of 3 crore doses of COVID-19 vaccine
  • Centre announces new scheme for tourist vehicle operators to boost tourism
  • Quad is working towards free, open, secure, inclusive and prosperous Indo-Pacific: PM Modi
  • Myanmar security forces killed 38 protestors in latest crackdown; Two Chinese factories set on fire
  • Chinese capital faces heavy sandstorm
  • UNSC urges Somalia’s govt to organize elections without delay
  • Biden administration to reconsider objections to H-1B visas during Trump regime
  • COVID-19 cases rise in Italy, new restrictions are being implemented