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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 13 May 2021


  • PM Modi chairs a high level meeting to review the availability and supply of oxygen and medicines
  • PM CARES Fund accords sanction for procurement of one lakh 50 thousand units of Oxycare system developed by DRDO
  • Union Cabinet approves Production-Linked Incentive Scheme for Advanced Chemistry Cell Battery Storage
  • India administers more than 17 crore 70 lakh doses of COVID-19 vaccine so far
  • HP govt decides to provide free COVID treatment to beneficiaries of Himcare and PM-JAY scheme in registered private hospitals
  • Indian Navy Chief says Navy has been supporting civilian authorities in several states to deal with pandemic
  • Ministry of Steel says a total of four thousand 686 tonnes of life-saving Liquid Medical Oxygen, supplied by steel plants so far
  • Govt says, nearly 34.57 lakh farmers benefitted from ongoing Rabi Marketing Season procurement operations with MSP value of over Rs 67,499 crore
  • Cyclonic storm expected in Arabian Sea on 16th of May
  • Govt takes several measures to ensure speedy supply of crucial materials in time-bound manner
  • US President Joe Biden speaks to Prime Minister of Israel Benjamin Netanyahu on Israel-Palestine conflict
  • Bangladesh records lowest daily COVID 19 infections since March 14
  • German regulators tell Facebook to stop processing user data from WhatsApp
  • Beijing defends provocative remarks by its envoy in Dhaka, accuses Quad of rallying countries against it



  • Curbs on Govt Procurement from China, Neighbours may be Eased
    • India could ease curbs on government procurement from countries it shares land borders with such as China for some time to boost emergency supplies as it battles the second wave of Covid-19, said people with knowledge of the matter.
    • Vendors from such countries need prior registration and security nod before they can sell goods or services to the Indian government.
  • March Factory Output up 22.4% on Low Base Effect
    • India’s industrial production rose by a sharp 22.4% in March after two months of contraction, helped by the year-earlier low base due to the first Covid wave, data released on Wednesday showed.
    • Economists have warned that the second wave will dent growth expectations.
    • Separately released data showed retail inflation eased to a three-month low in April to 4.29% from 5.52% in March due to softening food prices.
  • ₹18k cr PLI Scheme for ACC Battery Storage
    • The Union Cabinet on Wednesday gave its nod to production linked incentive (PLI) scheme for promoting battery storage at an estimated cost of ₹18,100 crore.
    • The scheme, 'National Programme on Advanced Chemistry Cell (ACC) Battery Storage' is expected to attract investment of ₹45,000 crore, information and broadcasting minister Prakash Javadekar said in a briefing after the Cabinet meeting.
    • The initiative will help reduce import dependence, support Atmanirbhar Bharat initiative, and help achieve manufacturing capacity of 50 giga watt hour (GWh) of ACC and 5 GWh of ‘Niche’ ACC, the government said in a statement.
    • ACCs are the new generation of advanced storage technologies.
    • The government expects net savings of ₹2-2.5 lakh crore on account of oil import bill reduction during the period of this programme as domestic ACCs are expected to accelerate electric vehicle adoption in the country.
    • As per the government statement, ACC battery storage manufacturers will be selected through a transparent competitive bidding process.
    • Each selected ACC battery Storage manufacturer would have to commit to set up an ACC manufacturing facility of minimum 5 GWh capacity and ensure a minimum 60% domestic value addition at the project level within five years, the statement read.

The science teaching and rationality India needs

  • When it comes to malaria, whether you get it or not depends on your ability to avoid being bitten by a mosquito.
  • Of course not every mosquito, and not every bite, can cause malaria, but avoiding the proliferation of mosquitoes does prevent the chances of being infected by the parasite that causes malaria, carried by mosquitoes.
  • Malarial mosquitoes breed in stagnant water, and that is where the imperative of avoidance begins.
  • For many decades now, schoolchildren have scored marks by giving the correct answer to the question, ‘How can mosquitoes be stopped from breeding in our neighbourhoods?
  • It is a rare school that gives children a task of going around noticing stagnant puddles formed during the rainy season containing visible mosquito larvae.
  • The standard textbook line of action is to spread kerosene on stagnant water.
  • As the pedagogic calendar goes, once a lesson has been delivered and the test based on it taken, there is no reason to recall its content in the later parts of the year, except for the final examination.
  • Before the advent of antibiotics, typhoid fever and jaundice were life-threatening, and especially in the case of children.
  • Along with antibiotics, water purifying devices and bottled water have distanced us from the grim experiences associated with water-borne diseases prevalent before the 1970s.
  • Common diarrhoea is still a threat to the life and health of babies.
  • Instead of preventing it by ensuring the supply of clean water in all geographical locations, India as a nation has ended up addressing the problem of drinking water by popularising personalised devices.
  • The absence of public systems has proved costly both in health and in education.
  • But the teaching of science is more than talking about science and telling students what ought to be done.
  • In the case of boiling water, for example, it is hardly enough to say that high temperatures kill microbes. To achieve the belief that it actually does, one needs to see microbes with one’s own eyes.
  • The novel coronavirus crisis has fully revealed the price that the neglect of education and health has wreaked.
  • If the mask, a bit like boiling water, prevents an invisible microbe from entering the human body, it is a matter of faith for someone who has no idea of the world of invisible pathogens.
  • We may wonder why several western countries, where education is supposedly better, also failed to convince their citizens to wear masks.
  • Looking more closely at different countries that comprise the West, one noticed sharply differentiated levels of the quality of their school science.
  • Over the last half century, some of the richest countries have allowed science at school to decline.
  • But science teaching alone cannot create miracles.
  • For science to mean anything, a rational social environment is needed.
  • Moreover, for science to acquire meaning during school life, it is important that children grow up in an ethos where dissent and debate are encouraged.
  • It is obvious that the benefits of science and its teaching do not accrue when the democratic order, and the institutions on which it is based, are not in good health.

The science teaching and rationality India needs

  • One of India’s best virologists, Dr Ravi from Nimhans Bengaluru, predicts that the third wave is likely to attack children predominantly.
  • The Maharashtra government has created a task force to manage Covid infected sick children during the third wave.
  • The Covid virus mutates to attack as many new hosts as possible.
  • During the first wave, Covid attacked mainly the elderly and spared youngsters.
  • The second wave is attacking a large number of young breadwinners.
  • The third wave is likely to attack children, since most adults are already infected or immunised.
  • We have 165 million of them who are less than 12 years old.
  • Even if we assume that just 20% of them get infected and 5% of the infected need critical care, we need 1.65 lakh paediatric ICU beds.
  • Today we are struggling with about 90,000 ICU beds for adults and less than 2,000 beds for children.
  • Children are not miniature adults.
  • Unlike adults, we cannot have a two-month-old baby in the Covid ICU without one of the parents.
  • How do you send a young mother or father of three children to the Covid ICU without vaccination?
  • Unlike adult Covid ICU patients – who are left to be managed entirely by nurses and doctors – infants and small children cannot be left in the ICU without their parents.
  • Mothers need to breastfeed their babies, and someone should be there to ensure that the baby doesn’t throw the oxygen mask.
  • In cardiac ICU, most kids are partially sedated, and when they are fully alert, we send them to the ward.
  • In the Covid ICU we cannot sedate the child; they need to breathe well to maintain oxygenation.
  • That means we need to quickly vaccinate all the parents of young children with two doses.
  • And this should happen now. We need to vaccinate at least 300 million young parents in the next few months.
  • The good news is that vaccination protects.
  • Our hospital, which always has over 500 Covid patients, has never seen a single ICU patient who had both doses of vaccine.
  • For affordable vaccination, the government should negotiate with Indian and foreign vaccine manufacturers for 300 million vaccines and pay them in advance to deliver in record time.
  • Sputnik V, I believe, has already tied up with four or five vaccine makers from India to manufacture their vaccine.
  • Once the delivery date is confirmed, the health ministry should distribute 70% of the vaccines to the private sector and 30% to public hospitals to vaccinate 300 million young parents in just one month.
  • This can be accomplished only with the active participation of the private sector, which has the flexibility to run services 24x7.
  • Once the parents are immunised, the chances of the children getting infected go down significantly.
  • We need to prepare an army of young nurses and doctors on standby to move from one city to the other based on the Covid wave, to support busy hospitals.
  • This cannot happen unless these doctors and nurses are given grace marks for various entrance and exit exams.
  • Money will not motivate young doctors and nurses to work in a Covid ICU, risking their life.
  • We need to procure a large number of ventilators that can ventilate newborn babies quickly.

An innovation challenge | ToI

  • India is currently facing massive water challenges, which in recent years have become one of the most urgent policy issues.
  • The problem ranges across depleting underground water levels, unsafe drinking water, water loss due to inadequate sewerage systems, and untreated wastewater polluting India’s major rivers.
  • According to ‘The Composite Water Management Index 2018’, published by Niti Aayog, if the required measures are not implemented, the country’s water demand is further projected to be double of the available water supply by 2030.
  • If this unprecedented situation did come to pass, which policy makers are determined will not be allowed to happen, it could mean severe water scarcity for hundreds of millions of people and could potentially cost 6% of GDP, which obviously would be a severe impact on the economy.
  • Due to the scale of the problem this is not an issue that can be easily resolved, with water pumps and water purifiers alone.
  • Additionally, in the light of the urgency of this challenge, sustainable and innovative approaches to management of water resources have acquired more importance than ever.
  • Together, the Indian government’s flagship initiative, Atal Innovation Mission (AIM), Niti Aayog, and Innovation Centre Denmark – India (ICDK), tasked with promoting science and innovation collaborations between the two countries, have collaborated to host an open innovation water challenge as part of the Next Generation Water Action, which is an international event organised by the Technical University of Denmark.
  • By joining forces, AIM and ICDK are working towards creating and promoting a culture of entrepreneurship and innovation with a key focus on water.
  • Through this process cost-effective and digital water management innovations such as AI-enabled sewage treatment plants, non-revenue water solutions, bio-absorbent capsules etc are being developed.
  • The open Water Challenge between AIM and ICDK gives an international platform for the young students and entrepreneurs to showcase their innovations.
  • Moreover, it ensures that the participants from both India and Denmark are mentored and associated with relevant water experts, universities and organisations in both countries to explore the opportunities of scale-up.
  • At the Next Generation Water Action finals on May 18, AIM and ICDK will collaboratively select the winning team to be further supported and promoted at the International Water Association’s conference in September 2022.
  • India and Denmark both have ambitious goals within the climate agenda and are including more sustainable practices day by day.
  • In September 2020, India and Denmark entered into a new age Green Strategic Partnership following a virtual summit chaired by both prime ministers.
  • The Green Strategic Partnership provides a perfect framework because it emphasises how international collaboration can help accelerate the green transition and deliver on global goals.
  • PM Modi has said at the IIT 2020 Global Summit that there is a “culture of hackathons” that is developing across Indian campuses that aim to resolve emerging problems through innovative ideas by youngsters.
  • The collaboration in innovation and entrepreneurship discussed here shows how Denmark and India are going a step further, for an outcome and impact driven delivery on the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.


  • Sep 11
  • Operation Samudra Setu II

Q.) By what classification has the WHO listed the Indian variant of the Coronavirus B.1.617?

    • Variant of High Consquence
    • Variant of Concern
    • Variant of Extreme Risk
    • Variant of High Transmission

Q.) In 1967, Israel, which had control over western Jerusalem, captured the eastern part of the city from Jordan. What is this historic battle called?

    • 30 day war
    • Six day war
    • Jordan war
    • Battle for Jerusalem