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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 13 August 2021

House Repairs | ToI

  • The monsoon session of Parliament adjourned sine die
  • Ugly scenes of jostling between MPs and marshals in the Rajya Sabha.
  • It was the fourth consecutive session that ended before its scheduled close.
  • The Parliament functioned for less than a quarter of the allocated time.
  • In India, the Speaker’s post comes with enormous discretionary power, which is the source of some of the problems.
  • There’s a case to reduce the Speaker’s discretion in areas such as an adjournment motion, which deals with matters of urgent public importance.
  • A shift to a more rules-based approach here will minimise the incentive for the opposition to resort to disruptions.
  • The other issue is the lack of adequate debate that results in poor quality legislation.
  • The opposition appeared to be in a disruptive mood this time.
  • Parliament works through multiple multi-partisan committees to deal with granular aspects of bills.
  • For example, none of the 15 bills introduced in the monsoon session were referred to a parliamentary committee.

Pakistan’s Future | ToI

  • Pakistan celebrates its 75th Independence Day this August 14.
  • Its religious idea of nationhood brought more problems for its society and polity right from inception.
  • When Imran Khan took over as Pakistani PM in 2018, the country’s economic situation was dire, with foreign exchange reserves at $7 billion or less than the equivalent of two months of imports, while external debt topped $100 billion.
  • This eventually forced Pakistan to approach the IMF for a bailout for a record 22nd time in its history to stave off a balance of payment crisis.
  • Despite Pakistan’s large-scale manufacturing sector growing by more than14% during July 2020 to May 2021 and remittances hitting a record of $29.4 billion in the last financial year, consumer price inflation climbed to 11.1% in April.
  • In fact, according to IMF, Pakistan today owes 27.4% of its total external debt of $90.12 billion to China.
  • Recent developments in Afghanistan have been an additional source of apprehension for Islamabad.
  • A Taliban takeover in Afghanistan still poses security risks for Pakistan through Pashtun kinship on both sides of the Durand Line.
  • Peace with India still remains Pakistan’s best bet for success, no matter how big a political challenge genuine peace overtures remain for Islamabad.

Eye in the sky | TH

  • The recent attempt by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) to place an earth observation satellite (EOS-3) in a geosynchronous orbit using the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV-F10) ended in failure due to a ‘performance anomaly’ — a malfunctioning of the trusted rocket launcher.
  • All seemed to be well as the stage two and three separated as planned, but when the time came for the cryogenic third stage to light up, there appeared to be a failure and an ensuing deviation from the expected path, as seen in the control panel.

  • This particular launch had originally been planned for March 5, 2020 and was called off because of a technical glitch a few hours before the launch.
  • It is also to be mentioned that the cryo engine in question is of a Russian design originally, unlike that of the GSLV Mark III rocket, which is indigenous.
  • The failure of this mission is worrying not only because it breaks a long, successful run, but because there are several important missions in the pipeline: Aditya-L1, the sun watcher, and the Gaganyaan mission, which will carry humans to space, are slated for the coming years.
  • Thursday’s failure will increase the stress on ISRO scientists to doubly make sure the chances of success in these missions.
  • In the meantime, the impact of this failed mission is being kept away from interested citizens for now.

Get veto power or bid adieu to UN | Pioneer

  • The UN has been a non-achiever.
  • It is reported that this international body employs 100,000 employees, from the senior-most to the junior-most.
  • If the average cost of these men and women is taken to be $50,000 per head, it means an expenditure of $5,000 million annually.
  • The organisation’s other expenses are separate.
  • The late American columnist Charles Krauthammer had dubbed the UN a “corrupt impostor, undeserving of any American support”.
  • Some others have even more pejoratively called it the ‘Useless Nonexistent Organisation’.
  • Entitled “A Table for Tyrants”, former Czech President Vaclav Havel wrote an article in The New York Times in May 2009, saying that he felt scandalised when he saw the UN Human Rights Council filled with members like Sudan, Zimbabwe, China and Saudi Arabia, which have no human rights.
  • Yet India continues to be an elephantine contributor to the UN peacekeeping contingents, and has sent nearly 200,000 peacekeepers to 44 missions over the years.
  • This is more than the national armed forces of most countries.
  • Indian forces working for the UN have suffered more casualties than any other country’s armed forces.
  • The UN did not even condemn a communist China’s unprovoked aggression against a democratic India in October 1962, leave alone do anything about it.
  • The irony is that the dictatorial and communist China enjoys a permanent seat in the Security Council while India, the world’s largest democracy, does not.
  • The UN’s failures make an unusually long catalogue, beginning with 1948.
  • In the Korean War (1950-53), the communist North had gone all out to take over the entire peninsula.
  • Again, the UN could do nothing.
  • It watched Vietnam being bombed more intensively than anywhere, anytime since or before WWII.
  • The UN, however, remained silent and inactive as ever.
  • In 1956, the Anglo-French invasion allied with Israel against Egypt over the Suez Canal issue yet again proved UN incompetence.
  • And again the same year, when the Soviet Union invaded Hungary.
  • In 1959, the world witnessed the abduction and rape of Tibet by China.
  • In 1968, the international body looked askance at the Prague Spring when Soviet tanks rolled into Czechoslovakia.
  • The catalogue of UN acts of omission continues to be legend.
  • It is high time India told the Security Council to give it a Permanent Seat with veto power.
  • If the Council yields, well and good; else, New Delhi should resign from the organisation and save itself time, money and honour.

NEWS

  • PM Modi lauds womens' SHGs for their unprecedented services during Corona; releases funds worth Rs 1625 Crore rupees to over 4 lakh SHGs
  • Govt demands opposition's apology to nation for unruly behaviour in Rajya Sabha
  • More than 52 crore 36 lakh COVID-19 vaccine doses administered so far under Nationwide Vaccination Drive
  • International Youth Day: Mansukh Mandaviya launches first phase of awareness campaign for HIV, TB & Blood Donation
  • Himachal Pradesh: Death toll in Kinnaur landslide rises to 15; state govt announces financial relief for victims
  • New Delhi expresses concern over deteriorating security situation in Afghanistan
  • Sports Minister Anurag Thakur appeals public to participate in FIT India Freedom Run 2.0
  • Hundreds of firefighters battled to contain new flare-ups in wildfire-ravaged areas of Greece
  • Country’s borders to remain closed until at least end of 2021, says New Zealand PM

ANS

Q.) Who carried the Indian Flag for the closing ceremony at Tokyo 2020?

  1. Neeraj Chopra
  2. Bajrang Punia
  3. P.V. Sindhu
  4. Aditi Ashok

Q.) Which of these States does not have an Upper House?

  1. Uttar Pradesh
  2. West Bengal
  3. Maharashtra
  4. None of the above