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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 10 September 2021

Terror Didn’t Win | ToI

  • The world today may seem no safer than it was 20 years ago
  • The Washington-based Centre for Strategic and International Studies estimated in 2018 that the number of active terrorist groups was 67, the most since 1980.
  • Costs of War project at Brown University: US spent $8 trillion during its two-decade-long war on terror that also took 9,00,000 lives.

So did terrorists win?

  • Despite Taliban’s return in Afghanistan, the multiple terror groups in Africa, and the persistence of the Islamic State outfit, democracies haven’t been thrown off track.
  • No terrorist movement nor any state that sponsors terrorism has been able to provide a better life for those they claim to represent.
  • True, ISIS did briefly control territory in parts of Iraq and Syria, establishing its so-called caliphate.
  • But it was short-lived, proving that nihilistic, violent movements can hardly build viable states or provide good governance.
  • Of course, terror groups do retain the capacity to disturb democracies.
  • It’s precisely to counter this that some democracies have diluted some of their core principles.
  • Widespread Islamophobia and refugee fatigue in some countries became enablers for right-wing populism, in the West and India.
  • And then, there was the rise of authoritarian China.
  • A rise that, ironically, can also be traced back to 2001 when Beijing was admitted to the WTO.
  • In fact, many argue that had the US not been distracted by global terrorism, its opposition to China’s WTO entry would have been stronger.
  • Overall, 9/11 did change liberal democracies.
  • But terrorists didn’t throw any democracy off track.

20 YEARS since 9/11 | ToI

  • The US completed a chaotic and ill-conceived final withdrawal from Afghanistan
  • Final flight out of Saigon in 1975
  • But the US enormously consolidated its global power thereafter.
  • It still accounts for almost 23% of global GDP and a per capita GDP nearly six times that of China.
  • America will long remain – for better or worse – the dominant global force, perhaps in an increasingly multi-polar world.
  • The US ‘war against terrorism’ created chaos across the Middle East, provoking irrational and completely unjustifiable Western adventurism in Iraq, Syria and Libya, undermining US capacities to deal with its only justifiable intervention – in Afghanistan.
  • Global terrorism peaked in 2014, with Daesh the most active influence, but has since seen steady decline.
  • Virtual U-turn by conservative regimes of the Middle East
  • Domestic rightwing terrorism is now the principal security threat in the West.
  • 2001 – the year of the 9/11 attacks – was, for India, the worst in terms of terrorism-linked fatalities, with 5,504 lives lost, 4,011 in Jammu & Kashmir alone.
  • Fatalities across the country fell steadily after 2011, down to 591 killed in 2020 (366 in 2021, till September 5).
  • In J&K, fatalities bottomed out at 121 in 2012, but have risen since, to 452 in 2018, 321 in 2020, and 162 in 2021 (till September 5), largely as a result of polarising politics and dubious domestic policies.
  • Osama bin Laden called for a jihad in India on behalf of Al Qaeda in 1996, and many times thereafter.
  • Al Qaeda in the Indian subcontinent, was raised in 2014.
  • In June 2014, Daesh issued its map of ‘global domination’, including India as part of its ‘Wilayat Khorasan’, fuelling hysterical assessments of an imminent and massive terrorist invasion.
  • Bhopal-Ujjain passenger train - March 7, 2017
  • Just 169 Indian citizens are recorded to have travelled to Iraq, Syria or Afghanistan to join Daesh, of whom at least 56 are confirmed killed.

It’s Democracies Vs Beijing-Islamabad | ToI

  • Going forward, India and the Unites States must partner to ensure that our mutual adversaries do not benefit from the power vacuum created by the Afghanistan withdrawal and that any expansion of Islamic terrorism emanating from the region is crushed.
  • USA made two major strategic errors.
    1. Proxy war waged by Pakistan against Afghanistan
    2. Instituting a Western-style topdown government and military structure and promoting foreign cultural norms
  • Pakistan, is the epicentre of Islamic militancy in South Asia
  • Taliban was created by ISI in 1994 as a means to intervene in the Afghan civil war.
  • What is less wellknown is Pakistan’s earlier interference in Afghanistan.
  • In the 1950s, Pakistan began inserting Islamists associated with Jamaat-e-Islami into Afghanistan in order to exert influence.
  • In 1974, then Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto set up a directorate within ISI to leverage dissident Islamists in Afghanistan.
  • In the late 1970s under President Zia ul-Haq, Pakistan pursued a policy of aggressive “Islamisation” with the proliferation of “madrasas” and religious political parties.
  • For example, in the wake of the 1979 Iranian Revolution and to counter Shia influence in Pakistan, the radical Deobandi anti-Shia organisation, Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan (SSP), was founded.
  • Lashkar-e-Jhangvi al-Alami = Pakistani branch of Islamic State
  • The Saudi-funded Ahl-e-Hadith, Pakistani equivalent to Saudi Wahhabism, was the ideology underpinning the ISI directed terrorist group Lashkar-e-Taiba, perpetrator of the savage 2008 Mumbai attack.
  • Islamic State of Khorasan is a splinter group of Pakistani Taliban, Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), which migrated to Afghanistan’s Nangarhar Province in 2010 after Pakistani military operations against it in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas.
  • Now, in the power vacuum created by US withdrawal from Afghanistan, China aims to dominate South Asia, first economically based on the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) and then militarily using its alliance with Pakistan to establish military bases in Balochistan.
  • This would be the critical link between China’s military facilities in the South China Sea and its naval base in Djibouti.
  • Chinese naval and air bases in Balochistan would control the vital sea lanes of the Arabian Sea.
  • To counter attempts by China to achieve regional economic and military hegemony and prevent the use of Islamic terrorism as an instrument of Pakistan’s foreign policy, the Quad nations of India, US, Japan and Australia must provide the core of a multinational effort to strategically disrupt the plans of the China-Pakistan Axis.

NEWS

  • BRICS leaders say Afghanistan should not become sanctuary for terror groups to attack other countries
  • PM Modi calls for BRICS to contribute to post-COVID global recovery
  • Defence Minister Rajnath Singh inducts medium range Surface-to-Air missile defence system into Indian Air Force
  • President Ram Nath Kovind appoints new Governors in four states
  • Election Commission announces dates for bypolls to seven Rajya Sabha seats
  • ICMR says double dose of vaccination is 97.5 percent effective in preventing Covid mortality
  • Govt to release over Rs 56,000 crores in current Financial Year to clear all pending export incentives
  • Festival of Ganesh Chaturthi begins today
  • CBDT extends last dates for filing of Income Tax Returns to 31st December
  • India, US hold ministerial meeting on Strategic Clean Energy Partnership
  • Food Processing Industries Minister Pashupati Kumar Paras inaugurates six food processing projects
  • Bangladesh to have fully digitised land management system: PM Sheikh Hasina
  • Former Mauritius PM Navin Ramgoolam moves to India for COVID treatment

Q.) How many unorganised sector workers got registered for the government’s e-Shram portal?

  1. 19 lakh
  2. 20 lakh
  3. 21 lakh
  4. 24 lakh

Q.) Emergencies Minister of which country has died trying to save a filmmaker?

  1. Russia
  2. Germany
  3. France
  4. Brazil