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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 10 July 2021

NEWS

  • PM Modi reviews measures taken to boost production and supply of oxygen; More than 1500 PSA Oxygen plants being set up across nation
  • Govt appeals to people not to lower guard as threat of Coronavirus is not over
  • More than 37 crore doses of COVID-19 vaccine administered so far; National COVID-19 Recovery Rate improves to 97.19 per cent
  • Delimitation Commission says, delimitation exercise to redraw boundaries of Assembly constituencies of J&K will be completed in transparent manner
  • Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman participates virtually in G20 High-Level Tax Symposium on Tax Policy and Climate Change
  • India looks forward to working closely with Israel to deepen Defence Cooperation and Strategic Partnership, says Defence Minister
  • Joint Secretary General of NRAI, Pawan Singh selected as first ever Indian juror for upcoming Tokyo Olympic Games
  • Security forces arrest an active terrorist of banned terror outfit LeT and recover arms & ammunition from his possession
  • Over 2.51 crore people benefit under Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalayan Anna Yojana in Assam
  • Centre denies issuing any public notice regarding conduct of NEET (UG) on 5th September
  • External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar holds talks with his Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov in Moscow
  • Many parts of China hit by floods and mudslides after a round of torrential rains hit country
  • Giant pandas are no longer classified as endangered but are still vulnerable: Chinese officials
  • Rail Cargo movement between India and Nepal gets big boost
  • Prime Minister Modi thanks Sheikh Hasina for ‘mango gift’
  • Prime Minister reviews preparations for facilitation of India’s contingent at Tokyo-Olympics
  • Navi Mumbai resident starts ambulance service using his personal savings to help patients reach hospital on time

FINANCIAL NEWS

  • WhatsApp to Wait for Data Law to Enforce Privacy Rule
    • WhatsApp informed the Delhi High Court on Friday that it will not enforce its updated privacy policy until India’s upcoming Personal Data (Protection) Bill is enacted into law.
    • Senior advocate Harish Salve, appearing on behalf of the Facebook-owned platform, told the court that WhatsApp agreed to do so “voluntarily”, after the government made it clear that the proposed changes to the US company’s privacy policy was in breach of India’s IT Rules, 2021.
    • Salve was making his submission to a division bench of Chief Justice DN Patel and Justice Jyoti Singh, which is hearing an appeal by WhatsApp and parent Facebook against a single-judge bench’s order refusing to stay an ongoing probe by the Competition Commission of India (CCI) into WhatsApp’s updated privacy policy.
    • WhatsApp said it will conform to the data protection law whenever it is enacted.
  • India-UK FTA Talks to Begin Soon
    • India and the UK are looking to deepen their bilateral engagement, with talks on a free trade deal likely to begin soon.
    • The two countries discussed the Gujarat International Finance Tec-City (GIFT), banking and payments, insurance and capital markets during the first India-UK financial markets dialogue on Friday.
    • This engagement to be held annually was established at the 10th Economic and Financial Dialogue in October 2020, to deepen bilateral ties in the financial sector.
    • Financial cooperation is one of the key pillars of the roadmap for 2030 adopted by London and New Delhi during a recent meeting of the two prime ministers.
    • Among other things, participants took stock of capital markets cooperation.
    • “There was also a productive discussion on opportunities for increased cross-border activity, including an update from India on implementation of the direct listings policy,” the finance ministry said in a press release.
    • The two sides agreed to continue to engage in these areas, in the run up to the next Economic and Financial Dialogue and the beginning of negotiations for an India-UK FTA, both of which are expected to take place later this year, the ministry said.
    • The City of London Corporation India-UK Capital Markets Working Group presented its recommendations from its recently published paper, ‘Unleashing the potential of the Indian Debt Capital Markets’.
    • The report focused on enhancing the Indian debt capital markets ecosystem, as well as making it easier for Indian companies to raise capital internationally.

Bring fuel, gas under GST ambit | FPJ

  • Fuel prices have crossed the century-mark in most parts of the country.
  • Threatening to derail the nascent recovery in the economic growth.
  • One reason is the soaring international prices of crude oil, following disputes among oil-producing nations over the quantum of production cuts.
  • The huge taxes, duties and surcharges levied on fuel, by both the Centre and the state governments, has made an already bad situation worse.
  • Of the retail price paid by the consumer,                 over 60 per cent is taken away by the Central and state governments by way of taxes.
  • The states and the Centre together earned over       Rs 6.7 lakh crore in taxes from petroleum products in 2020-21.
  • However, while some argue that high fuel taxes are a ‘carbon tax’, disincentivising the consumption of fossil fuels in favour of alternatives, the reality is that there are no alternatives at the moment and high fuel prices hurt the poor and the middle class the most.
  • Further, as the bulk of goods in the country move by road, the knock-on effect on prices is across the board.
  • The Centre, which takes the lion’s share of fuel taxes, must step forward to ease the burden on the common man by reducing the taxes.
  • Going forward, the Centre and the states should agree to bring fuel and gas under the GST ambit and cap taxes at a reasonable level.

Education & Health Agenda | ToI

  • The new health minister, Mansukh Mandaviya, has taken the oars when waters are relatively calm between Covid waves.
  • Attention would be focused on providing a confident and competent response to the pandemic challenge, while keeping focus on goals set by the National Health Policy of 2017.
  • Create public health cadre K Srinath Reddy The writer, a cardiologist and epidemiologist, is President, Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI)
  • It augurs well for the minister that he begins his tenure with a new financial package of Rs 23,123 crore to bolster the emergency response to Covid.
  • This follows the previous year’s package of Rs 15,000 crore.
  • Augmented resources will be mainly directed towards strengthening healthcare infrastructure and supplies across the country.
  • More children may get affected in the third wave.
  • This makes creation of paediatric units in all 736 districts and establishment of paediatric centres of excellence in all states a priority.
  • Hospital capacity is another critical area.
  • Pre-fabricated structures for closer to home hospital care facilities in rural, tribal and peri-urban areas, and bigger field hospitals in tier-II and tier-III cities as well as district headquarters – these plans must be implemented.
  • Installation of 1,000-plus liquid medical oxygen storage tanks, with medical pipeline systems, is also a must to provide assured oxygen supply to all districts.
  • Other focus areas: greater capacity for the National Centre for Disease Control to conduct nationwide microbial surveillance and genomic analysis, in partnership with INSACOG, and  maintaining high testing rates for virus detection.
  • Countrywide clinical data would also be needed for disease and outcome monitoring.
  • So, all district hospitals must successfully induct Hospital Management Systems.
  • The health minister should draw upon his expertise as a veterinary medicine specialist to expand and strengthen the highly essential One Health programme for preventing, tracking and interrupting microbial migration across species.
  • Apart from augmented infrastructure and assured supplies, there is need to accelerate the vaccination programme, with stepped up domestic production and speedily negotiated international procurement.
  • Vaccine hesitancy and rural remoteness will need to be overcome with citizen and civil society engagement for confidence building and situationally adaptive supply chain management.
  • Health workforce
  • While medical and nursing students can be drawn upon to support some services during a crisis response, they cannot be a sustainable or steady resource for maintaining health services throughout the year.
  • Paediatric care, whether routine or intensive, requires special knowledge and skills among doctors, nurses and technicians.
  • Investments for developing a larger and better skilled health workforce will yield economic benefits, through protected productivity and enhanced job creation.
  • Public health expertise and skills are needed for epidemic surveillance and management.
  • From frontline workers to epidemiologists detecting and responding to outbreaks, assessing co-morbidities in the population and promoting healthy behaviours, public health capacity must be augmented in the health systems of all states.
  • As we get ready to combat the third wave, we must not lose sight of other health needs.
  • Health targets of the Sustainable Development Goals must also be pursued with commitment and competence.
  • Investments we make for Covid will help us strengthen the capacity of the health system for delivering a broader set of health services.
  • Teach our teachers better Narendra Jadhav The writer has served as Chief Economist of RBI, VC of Pune University, Member of Planning Commission and the National Advisory Council. He is now a Rajya Sabha member non-affiliated to any political party

  • A new National Education Policy (NEP) was approved after 34 years.
  • For a young nation ready to occupy centre stage, this document ought to be our map, our guiding light and our compass.
  • Most of the path-breaking and transformative reforms of the Indian education system proposed in NEP have been approved.
  • But some pertinent points, learnt over time and experience and more currently during the Covid-19 pandemic, cannot be overlooked.
  • With a new education minister, Dharmendra Pradhan, at the helm, the following can be a good starting point: The NEP recommendation to combine three years of early childhood care and education (ECCE)/ pre-school (ages 3–6) with grades I and II of primary school should be discarded.
  • The NEP recommendation of changing the pedagogical structure to 5+3+3+4 should also be discarded.
  • Instead, the pedagogical structure should be ECCE/pre-education (ages 3-6) + primary (ages 6-11, classes I–V) + upper primary (ages 11–14, classes VI-VIII) + secondary (ages 14-16, classes IX and X) + higher secondary (ages 16–18, classes XI and XII).
  • A detailed plan should be prepared and initiated so that every child in the age range of 3–6 has access to free, safe, high quality, and developmentally appropriate care and education by 2025.
  • The 25% seats reserved in private schools for disadvantaged children set out in clause 12(1)(c) of the Right to Education Act should remain.
  • There are around 80 million children in the age-group of 6-18 years, who dropped out of schools (Census 2011), as against 32 million reported in NEP 2020.
  • We need a strategic action plan to bring these children back to the educational fold as early as possible, so as to achieve the all-important goal of universal access to education at all levels.
  • The UGC and other existing regulatory bodies should be transformed into the Higher Education Grants Council (HEGC) and Professional Standard Setting Bodies (PSSBs), respectively.
  • The National Research Foundation (NRF) should be fast-tracked with the intent to strengthen research capacities and catalyse vibrant research primarily focusing on the higher education system.
  • An autonomous National Educational Technology Forum (NETF) should be set up to facilitate review of initiatives related to the use of technology in education along with sharing of best practices.
  • All undergraduate programmes, including professional and vocational, should offer liberal education programmes with rigorous specialisation through a multidisciplinary approach.
  • Indian Institutes of Liberal Arts (IILAs) or Multidisciplinary Education and Research Universities (MERUs) should be set up as models of the liberal education approach, with specific focus on integration of vocational and professional education into mainstream higher education.
  • At least one high-quality higher education institute offering multidisciplinary education, including liberal arts programmes, should be set up in each district.
  • Teacher preparation for all school stages should be offered only in multidisciplinary universities through a four-year programme, with the curricula and processes being revamped to address current issues with teacher preparation.
  • Institutions currently offering two-year programmes should either transition to this mode or be phased out.
  • Education policy should make conscious efforts towards the much-needed transition to Education 4.0.
  • This must involve the entire range of new-age technology including artificial intelligence, machine learning, data analytics, robotics, blockchain technology and additive manufacturing besides the Internet of Things.
  • New-age technology ought to find a place in the curricula right from high school education.
  • Our vision for the future of our country must include an explicit objective of inculcating among the students deep respect towards constitutional values, fundamental rights and duties and the sense of being a proud Indian.
  • A beginning in this direction could be made urgently by introducing the Constitution and civics in the high school curricula, as a compulsory subject at the higher secondary level.
  • The demographic dividend that our country is enjoying fortuitously today, needs to be harnessed, or else it could turn into a demographic disaster.
  • The health of the country’s education will determine the effectiveness of our population in shaping India’s next decades; it needs to be rooted in relevance and innovation.

ANS

Q.) Name the Haitian President who was assasinated by gunmen at his home, throwing the struggling Caribbean country into further chaos.

  1. Jovenel Moise
  2. Claude Joseph
  3. Rene Preval
  4. Michel Martelly

Q.) Which State has officially confirmed its first case of ZIKA virus, a mosquito-borne viral infection?

  1. Gujarat
  2. Karnataka
  3. Maharashtra
  4. Kerala