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The Hindu Analysis Free PDF Download

Date: 10 August 2021

The protectors? | Pioneer

  • Chief Justice of India NV Ramana has rightly pointed out that the weakest link in the legal system is the police station.
  • At a National Legal Services Authority (NALSA) function, he said most of the human rights abuse takes place at the police stations.
  • Indeed, a police station is the first post where an ordinary citizen has to go to get legal assistance and perhaps that is the most tedious task of all.
  • Often, the complainant is made to feel as if s/he is the criminal.
  • No wonder an ordinary citizen is afraid to even step into a police station, let alone dare file a complaint.
  • Police reforms have been on the anvil for several years.
  • All legal luminaries agree that these reforms should take place, but that never happens.
  • The police continue to operate as they did in the pre-Independence era.
  • Even the uniforms of police personal remain what these were before Independence.
  • The Chief Justice of India said that the use of third-degree and the way police behave at the thana level leaves much to be desired.
  • Indeed, a person’s body integrity and dignity are sacrosanct and must not be meddled with, no matter how serious her/his crime may be.
  • This is the basic premise of the rule of law and so a law officer must not and cannot stoop to the level of a street goon.
  • Many reasons can be attributed to police atrocities and their conduct towards ordinary citizens.
  • We have failed to transform the police system that was fashioned to operate in the colonial environment to the one for a welfare State.
  • The lack of sensitisation and proper behavioural training does the rest.
  • Often the personnel at the lowest rung are prejudiced.
  • They behave in a casteist and communal manner, throwing all constitutional and legal provisions to the wind.
  • In this scenario, not much can be expected till a complete overhaul of the police system.
  • However, the CJI’s observations are laudable; these can lead to far-reaching implications.
  • He quoted Martin Luther King Junior in his address, “Every step towards the goal of justice requires sacrifice, suffering and struggle, the tireless exertion and passionate concern of dedicated individuals.”
  • We need dedicated people who care for human rights.
  • A good start can be made by strengthening the free legal aid system and information dissemination, besides proper training to personnel to make police stations more law-abiding!

Looking up | Pioneer

  • Tokyo 2020 has ended. All eyes are now on Paris 2024.
  • The Indian contingent returns from Japan on a high with the highest ever tally of medals, including the first gold in track and field.
  • India made a mark in new fields like golf and fencing while it found its spark in its old flame, hockey.
  • The girls fared better, even though they came from diverse regions and classes.
  • A greater emphasis was on individual sports that returned most of the medals.
  • India was in news on the opening day of the Games and the eve of closing.
  • We are more than a billion of us and yet why do we get so few medals?
  • The interest taken by the Government and shown by the private sector is palpable though it is nowhere near what is expected of both.
  • The Union Government claims to have overhauled the Sports Authority of India (SAI) after the indifferent Indian tale at the Rio Olympics of 2016.
  • It is apparently less bureaucratised, less corrupt, more efficient and more considerate of players’ interests.
  • The complaints, however, remain, ranging from less nutritious food to inferior quality equipment, favouritism and ordinary coaching.
  • These are systemic faults that dilute the impact of crores of rupees poured into the Authority and its various national camps.
  • There is an attitudinal fault in the country.
  • It has to do with a casual approach to sports if it is not cricket.
  • Parents would not hesitate to support a child showing talent in cricket because the game is primarily seen as a means to earning money and fame, in that order.
  • In a country where economic and social inequalities determine the contours of human existence, a talented child has to overcome four hurdles.
  1. Giving time to sports reduces chances of earning for the household
  2. Sports can be acknowledged only after the player achieves a medal and brings in cash; else look for a well-paid job
  3. Sports requiring attire that do not cover a woman’s body are against the laws of some religions
  4. A lower caste person winning a sporting medal can still expect derision from the upper caste neighbours
  • What they need is a structured support system, public and private, to foster them.
  • Excise their fear of going hungry and ostracism and give them the hope they ask for.
  • The strategising and making of champions come later.

Standing with Kabul | IE

  • A special meeting of the United Nations Security Council on Afghanistan convened under India’s presidency last Friday, did not produce a new international consensus on arresting the tragedy triggered by Taliban’s military offensive with the full support of the Pakistan army.
  • On Afghanistan, there is no unanimity among the five permanent members, which is critical for any consequential decisions by the world body.
  • An ambitious China seeking to extend its regional footprint, and an opportunistic Russia that tags behind Beijing seem to support Pakistan’s game plan to reinstall the Taliban in Kabul.
  • Given its special ties to the Pakistan army, London tends to be wobbly on the Taliban.
  • The US, which spent much blood and treasure in rebuilding Afghanistan after ousting the Taliban from power in 2001, has ceded much ground by deciding to withdraw all its troops in Afghanistan by the end of this month.
  • In Europe (represented by France which has a permanent seat in the UNSC) too there is a decline in political support for a continued Western military intervention in Afghanistan.
  • The duplicity of the Taliban and Pakistan that talk peace and pursue war at the same time.
  • That the Taliban could not have mounted the massive military operations on its own was the burden of the presentation by the Afghan envoy to the United Nations, Ghulam M Isaczai.
  • He told the Council that more than 10,000 foreign fighters are in the country, including from a number of UN designated terror organisations, participating in the Taliban’s military offensive.
  • He also pointed to long-standing Taliban sanctuaries in Pakistan and Rawalpindi’s massive logistical support for the Taliban’s current military offensive in Afghanistan.
  • India must continue to stand with the people of Afghanistan, whose dreams for a peaceful future are being shattered.
  • Delhi must continue to mobilise international opinion in all global forums as well as work with its close partners to mount pressure on Pakistan and the Taliban to stop fighting and start talking peace with Kabul.

Thawing Relations | MP

  • Last week, former Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott decided to spend four days in New Delhi in a different role, as PM Scott Morrison's special envoy to India — a move that underscores the country's pathway to implement a plan to transform its economic ties with India by 2035.
  • During his August 2-6 sojourn, the former PM discussed with ministers of commerce, coal and mines, energy, power, finance and NITI Aayog, and signed off with a call to the Indian Prime Minister.

  • Abbott's visit was aimed to rekindle negotiations with India on the Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement (CECA) which has been stalled since he stepped down from his office in 2015.
  • CECA is a preferred route for many countries to expand bilateral trade and investment with one of the largest markets in the world.
  • In June this year, during a virtual meeting between PM Modi and Scott Morrison, both sides decided to restart negotiations on CECA.
  • The bilateral trade between the two countries during 2020 stood at USD 24.4 billion down from USD 29 billion during 2017-18.
  • India is now ranked as the 7th largest trade partner and 6th largest export market for Australia.
  • Indian imports include coal, copper ore and concentrates, gold, vegetables, lentils, fruits, nuts and wool.
  • The India-Australia relationship entered a transformational phase during the last 15-odd years.
  • Expanding to acquire depth in areas including agriculture, critical minerals, energy, education, and science and technology.
  • Economic cooperation, trade and investment remain areas of special focus.
  • The trajectory of bilateral engagement remains on the rise with India and Australia upgrading ties this year to a Comprehensive Strategic Partnership, encompassing areas outside the narrow confines of military ties.
  • Besides democratic values, both sides share a vision on the Indo-Pacific amid the rising challenge from China in the region.
  • India now awaits scheduling the first 2+2 meeting between the foreign and defence ministers.
  • Ahead of Abbott's visit to India, Australian High Commissioner Barry O'Farrell described it as a commitment to strengthen the economic relationship, deepen trade and investment links with India and take the economic relationship to the next level, with emphasis on building secure and resilient supply chains.
  • Australia visualises that over the next two decades, India would require goods and services that it can offer in areas like agriculture, education, skill training and health.
  • Among the sectors where Australia has a competitive edge, education is a flagship sector.
  • It constitutes one of the largest services sector exports, recording USD six billion with a little over 1.15 lakh Indian students studying in Australia.
  • Australians of Indian origin and Indian residents are the fastest growing community, currently numbering 7.21 lakh.
  • Indian are also the largest source of skilled migrants.
  • Just as the community played a role in the transformation of relations with the United States, can India expect a similar run down under to move the ties from traditional love for cricket and bonding through curry and Commonwealth?

NEWS

  • Oceans are part of our common heritage, sea routes are lifeline of international trade: PM Modi
  • Opposition parties to support OBC bill 2021 in Parliament: Mallikarjun Kharge
  • Pegasus snooping, farm laws & other issues continued to hamper proceedings in both houses of Parliament
  • No any transaction with Israeli cyberarms firm NSO Group Tech: Centre
  • Parliament passes Tribunals Reforms Bill, 2021
  • RS returns Taxation Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2021 after brief discussion
  • Taliban fighters kill radio station manager in Afghanistan, kidnap journalist
  • PM Modi releases 9th installment of financial benefit under Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi scheme
  • Over 50 crore 86 lakh doses of COVID vaccine administered so far under Nationwide Vaccination Drive
  • Over Rs 31 thousand crore FDI comes in I&B sector in last 5 yrs: MIB Anurag Thakur
  • Wildfires continue to rip through Greek island of Evia with strong winds driving flames towards villages

ANS

Q.) The final resting place of which Mughal prince remains a mystery, with the Archaeological Survey of India saying it has not located the grave within the Humanyun’s Tomb complex over a year after a committee was formed for the job?

  1. Sulaiman Shikoh
  2. Sah Shuja
  3. Dara Shikoh
  4. Mura Bakhsh

MCQ

Q.) After _______, Bajrang Punia is the first Indian Wrestler to win medals in both Olympics and the World Championships.

  1. Sakshi Malik
  2. K.D. Jadhav
  3. Ravi Kumar Dahiya
  4. Sushil Kumar