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The Hindu Editorial Analysis | PDF Download

Date: 10 May 2019

MCQ 1

  • Salt water crocodile is found in which of the ollowing places:

1. Chambal river
2. Bhitarkanika National park
3. Andaman & Nicobar Islands

  • Select the correct answer using the code(s) given below:

(a) 2 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

MCQ 2

  • Which of the following species are endemic to Andaman & Nicobar island?

1. Narcondam hornbill
2. Dugong Sea cow
3. Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin

  • Select the correct answer using the code(s) given below:

(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

  • Narcondam hornbills (female on upper left, male on lower right) are endemic to Narcondam Island in the Andamans.
  • Species endemic to the Andaman islands
  • Andaman serpent-eagle, Spilornis elgini
  • Andaman crake, Rallina canningi
  • Brown coucal, Centropus andamanensis
  • Andaman scops owl, Otus balli
  • Hume's boobook, Ninox obscura
  • Andaman barn-owl, Tyto deroepstorffi
  • Andaman nightjar, Caprimulgus andamanicus
  • Narcondam hornbill, Rhyticeros narcondami
  • Andaman woodpecker, Dryocopus hodgei
  • Andaman drongo, Dicrurus andamanensis
  • Andaman treepie, Dendrocitta bayleyii
  • Andaman shama, Copsychus albiventris
  • Andaman bulbul, Pycnonotus fuscoflavescens
  • Andaman shama, Copsychus albiventris
  • Andaman cuckooshrike, Coracina dobsoni
  • Andaman flowerpecker, Dicaeum virescens
  • Species endemic to the Nicobar islands
  • Nicobar imperial-pigeon, Ducula nicobarica
  • South Nicobar serpent eagle, Spilornis klossi
  • Nicobar sparrowhawk, Accipiter butleri
  • Nicobar parakeet, Psittacula caniceps
  • Nicobar bulbul, Ixos nicobariensis
  • Nicobar jungle flycatcher, Cyornis nicobaricus
  • Nicobar scops-owl, Otus alius
  • The Indian Ocean humpback dolphin (Sousa plumbea) is a  member of the Delphinidae family occupying coastal areas ranging from Southern Africa to Western Indochina
  •  The dugong is a medium-sized marine mammal. It is one of four living species of the order Sirenia, which also includes three species of manatees. It is the only living representative of the once-diverse family Dugongidae; its closest modern relative, Steller's sea cow (Hydrodamalis gigas), was hunted to extinction in the 18th century. The dugong is the only strictly herbivorous marine mammal.

MCQ 3

  • Doyang Dam Reservoir is often seen in  news regarding Amur Falcons. It is situated in?

(a) Manipur
(b) Nagaland
(c) Assam
(d) Tripura

MCQ 4

  • Consider the following statements related to Special Climate Change fund (SCCF):

1. It has been set up under the UN Convention on Biological diversity (CBD)
2. It provides finances to the developing countries for adaptation, technology transfer and capacity building.

  • Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

  •  The Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF) was established in response to guidance from the Conference of the Parties (COP7) in Marrakech in 2001. The SCCF complements the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF). Unlike the LDCF, the SCCF is open to all vulnerable developing countries. In addition, it funds a wider range of activities related to climate change. As of 2017, the SCCF has a portfolio of nearly US$350 million in voluntary contributions supporting 77 projects in 79 countries.
  •  Adaptation is the top priority. But the SCCF also funds, through separate financing windows, technology transfer, mitigation in selected sectors including: energy, transport, industry, agriculture, forestry and waste management; and economic diversification.
  •  Developing countries need support for adaptation in a wide variety of sectors:
  •  The world’s coastal zones are highly exposed and sensitive to climate change, and often ill-equipped to adapt.
  •  Key infrastructure assets, such as roads, ports and energy supply chain, are vulnerable.
  •  Climate change contributes to the global burden of disease and premature death, particularly among the urban poor, pregnant women, children and the elderly, traditional societies, subsistence farmers and coastal populations.
  •  Extreme weather events are expected to increase with climate change, enhancing the need to prepare for and respond to disasters, such as more intense droughts and floods.

MCQ 5

  • Consider the following statements related to Green Climate Fund (GCF):

1. It has been set up under the UNFCCC as a financial mechanism to support the developing countries
2. It gives equal emphasis on adaptation and mitigation projects to combat climate change.

  • which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

  •  The Green Climate Fund (GCF) is a fund established within the framework of the UNFCCC as an operating entity of the Financial Mechanism to assist developing countries
    in adaptation and mitigation practices to counter climate change. The GCF is based in Incheon, South Korea. It is governed by a Board of 24 members and supported by a Secretariat.
  •  The objective of the Green Climate Fund is to "support projects, programmes, policies and other activities in developing country Parties using thematic funding windows".
  •  It is intended that the Green Climate Fund be the centrepiece of efforts to raise Climate Finance under the UNFCCC. The current executive director is Yannick Glemarec

MCQ 6

  • Which among the following are parts of National Ambient Air Quality Standards?

1. Nitrogen Dioxide
2. Lead
3. Arsenic
4. Carbon Dioxide

  • Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

 

Loud and clear

  • New Delhi must snap out of its denial on the discord with the U.S. on market access
  • After a scathing speech by U.S. Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross in New Delhi this week, it is no longer possible for the government to brush under the carpet its differences with Washington. Speaking to Indian and U.S. businesspersons, Mr. Ross lashed out at what he called India’s unfair trade practices and “overly restrictive market access barriers”. His comments followed a series of measures by the U.S. that have affected India. These include a refusal to revoke or waive tariff increases made last year on steel and aluminium, an ultimatum that India “zero out” oil imports from Iran by May 2 even without securing comparable alternatives, and the decision to withdraw India’s GSP (Generalised System of Preferences) trade status. Mr. Ross repeated President Donald Trump’s accusation that India is a “tariff king”, and threatened India with “consequences” if it responded to U.S. tariffs with counter-tariffs, something New Delhi had threatened but not yet implemented in the hope of hammering out a comprehensive trade package. Despite rounds of talks, however, a package has remained elusive, and it is time for the government to articulate the  problem on its hands.
  •  In the face of growing U.S. aggression on the issue, the government that takes office after the election will have to urgently consider its options ahead. Clearly, the strategy of the past year, to ignore the differences in the hope that the problems would be resolved or that the U.S.’s trade war with China would occupy the Trump administration more, has not worked. New Delhi and Washington need to make a more determined attempt to sort out issues, starting from scratch if required, with tariffs. While the 50-60% duties on motorcycles and cars and 150% duties on American liquor that India imposes need a second look, the U.S. must see that average tariffs imposed by India (13.8%) are not much higher than those levied by economies such as South Korea and Brazil. In addition, the government will need to revisit some of its decisions like data localization requirements and new e-commerce regulations, which were declared suddenly, while the U.S. must show some flexibility on India’s price caps on coronary stents and other medical devices. The U.S. must understand the cultural differences over the labelling of non-vegetarian dairy products. It is unlikely that the Trump administration will temper its “my way or the highway” approach to Iranian oil sales, and New Delhi will have to work closely with other countries to build alternative financial structures to avoid U.S. sanctions. Where a compromise is not possible, the government should be ready to push back on unreasonable demands. Perhaps the most worrying signal from Mr. Ross’s outburst was that Washington may not be willing to meet India halfway on trade issues. New Delhi must prepare accordingly.
  •  When people are let down by their leaders repeatedly, they rise and revolt, and history is replete with examples of such revolts. In a democracy, people often revolt peacefully, using the ballot. In this polarised election, while national security assumed centre stage and accusations and counteraccusations flew thick and fast, a number of ordinary voters contested the election over critical local issues. Of course, these candidates know well that they do not stand a chance of winning against political heavyweights with money and muscle power. But their objective is not to win; it is to simply make their voices heard.
  •  Consider the turmeric and sorghum farmers in Nizamabad district in Telangana. They had been protesting for long, demanding a minimum support price and the setting up of a turmeric board, among other things. Leaders promised to address their grievances but failed. And so the farmers decided to contest the Lok Sabha election. In this case, no fewer than 178 of them jumped into the fray in Nizamabad. In this seat, 185 candidates contested altogether.
  •  The record for the highest number of nominations filed in a Lok Sabha election from a single constituency was set by Nalgonda in 1996 where 480 candidates filed nominations. Most of them were contesting the election to bring attention to the fact that they were victims of flourosis. Most of them were tribals and Dalits who could not afford to pay the required security deposit of ₹250 (for Scheduled Caste/ Scheduled Tribe candidates). They were reportedly financed by activists and sympathisers at a time when the term ‘crowd funding’ was not in common parlance.
  •  However, the case of the turmeric and sorghum farmers is different from their Nalgonda brethren. Most of them managed to pay the required ₹25,000 as security deposit on their own, even if it was a considerable burden. Theirs was not a half-hearted decision but a serious one. Such quiet protests have been recorded in Assembly elections too — in 1996 again, in Modakurichi in Tamil Nadu, 1,033 candidates contested the seat as no one had addressed their concerns over farm distress.
  •  An inscription on the arch of the middle gate of North Block in New Delhi quotes British writer Charles Caleb Colton: “Liberty will not descend to a people: a people must raise themselves to liberty. It is a blessing which must be earned before it can be enjoyed.” Rise people do, albeit slowly. But contesting elections is unfortunately not always the solution. Such contestants mostly lose their security deposit, do not win, and their issues are not addressed either. It is time our politicians stepped up and listened to the voices of the poor and marginalised.
  • Vox Populi
  • While many contest to win elections, some contest only to make their voices heard