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Daily PIB Analysis For UPSC/IAS | Download PDF

Date: 01 March 2019


  • Role of the Institutions: The higher education institutions would explain the scheme along with various options to the students who are in the final year, and elicit their interest in participation. After collecting interest from various students, the institution would register on the SHREYAS portal, duly indicating the skill job roles along with likely number of students in each role.
  • Role of SSCs: SSCs would identify industries for apprenticeship, and would also conduct assessment leading to certification.
  • They would be communicated the interest of the students as registered by the HEIs. They would, based on this, arrange and confirm the establishments where the students would be provided as apprenticeships. Based on this, the HEI would collect and furnish, full details of the participating students.The SSC will enrol them as apprentices and generate contracts between the student and the business enterprise. They will also conduct assessment of the candidate on completion of the apprenticeship and issue certification. Whereas the certification is not a guarantee for placement, it is expected to vastly enhance his choice of securing employment either in the same enterprise or any other enterprises in that sector.

 Role of MSDE (NSDC)

  •  MSDE operates the NAPS programme through NSDC. They would not only monitor the programme, progress of the apprentices, but would finance the programme by disbursing the claims from the business enterprises towards stipend reimbursement as per the NAPS. The ongoing efforts of the SSCs would be monitored by MoSDE, which would also periodically introduce new SSCs into the SHREYAS fold. The entire programme would progress with dynamic interface & information sharing between MHRD and MoSDE


  • Under the NAPS scheme, Central Government shares 25% of the stipend per month subject to a maximum of Rs.1500 p.m during the period of the apprenticeship. Apart from that, an amount upto Rs.7500 will be met towards basic training cost, where needed.

Ministry of Commerce & Industry

  • Suresh Prabhu reaches Cambodia to attend 7th RCEP Inter-Sessional Ministerial Meeting
  •  Union Minister of Commerce & Industry and Civil Aviation, Suresh Prab
  • Suresh Prabhu also lauded the role played by Singapore as chair.During the term of the Singapore chair, several ministerial and experts’ meetings resulted in successful conclusion of five chapters taking total number of chapters concluded so far to 7 out of 16. At the RCEP Trade Ministers’ Meeting on 12-13 November 2018 Singapore deftly steered the consensus on ‘substantial progress’ instead of ‘substantial conclusion’.
  • At the Ministerial, India’s flexibility helped in facilitating successful conclusion of three chapters, namely (i) institutional provisions; (ii) Sanitary and Phyto-Sanitary (SPS) measures and (iii) Standards, Technical Regulations and Conformity Assessment Procedure (STRACAP).
  • In the chapter on Institutional Provisions, India agreed to the proposed ‘consensus principle’ on the understanding that the RCEP Secretariat to be set up subsequently will ensure participation of all member countries in the decision making process.
  • The Regional Comprehensive Partnership (RCEP) is a proposed Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between sixteen countries namely 10 countries of ASEAN (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam) and their six FTA partners (also known as AFP’s or ASEAN FTA Partners) namely Australia, China, India, Japan, Korea and New Zealand.
  • The RCEP has entered the sixth year of negotiations. During the last five years 24 Rounds of negotiations at the expert level were held – the last Round was held from 18-27 October, 2018 in Auckland; six Ministerial meetings and seven inter-sessional Ministerial meetings were held so far - the 6th Ministerial meeting held on 30-31 August, 2018 in Singapore and the 7thinter-sessional Ministerial meeting held on 12- 13 November, 2018 in Singapore; and two RCEP Leaders’ Summits were held.
  • During the 2nd RCEP Summit on 14 November 2018 in Singapore, Leaders acknowledged the ‘substantial progress’ in the negotiations and reiterated their determination to conclude a modern, comprehensive, high quality, and mutually beneficial RCEP in 2019.

 Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment

  • 7 TH Guiness Book of World Record created by DEPwD in Bharuch, Gujarat yesterday Shri Thaawarchand Gehlot inaugurates ‘National Conference on Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme’ A National Conference on “Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme (DDRS)”was inaugurated today by the Union Minister of Social Justice & Empowerment Shri Thaawar chand Gehlot here today. He delivered the key note address on the detailed account of the scheme. The Conference was organized by the Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (DEPwD), Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. The objective of the conference was to sensitize the stakeholders of the scheme i.e. Programme Implementing Agencies (PIAs), District level officers & State Government officers. Delivering inaugural address, Shri Gehlot said that the “7th Guinness Book of World Record” has been created by DEPwD yesterday at Bharuch, Gujarat where ‘Modern Artificial Limbs (Legs)’ were implanted on 260 Divyangjans within eight hours. DEPwD has already created Six World Records in other categories. It is a very proud moment for the DEPwD as well as for all Divyang jans of our country.
  • ‘Universal ID Cards’ to around 13 Lakh Divyangjansand very soon it will be provided to all Divyangjans of the country. He dwelt upon many new initiatives and achievements of the DEPwD and Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment for betterment and welfare of Divyangjans and downtrodden people of our country.
  • Shri Gehlot opined that the NGOs and Self Help Groups play a very important role in the proper implementation of the government schemes.
  • An ‘Interactive Question & Answer Session’ also held as a part of it, in which queries of the participants were addressed. A few of the organizations who are receiving financial assistance under DDRS shared their views and experience by way of making Presentations.
  • It sensitized the PIAs about the major changes brought about in the revised scheme and created awareness among major stakeholders, viz. State Government and District Level Officers and NGOs in popularizing the scheme further, thereby promoting the well-being of Divyanjans (Persons with Disabilities).
  • Under the Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme, every year more than 600 NGOs are provided with financial assistance for running their projects for the rehabilitation of persons with disabilities such as Special school, pre-school and early intervention, Half-way Homes and Community Based Rehabilitation etc.
  • The NGOs being funded are providing the rehabilitative services to more than 35000 to 40000 beneficiaries every year. In the implementation process of the scheme, the role of State Government is very crucial. The recommendation from the District Social Welfare Officer and State Government is important in release of grant-in-aid. The budget allocation for the year 2018-19 is Rs. 70.00 crores.
  • Although the DDRS Scheme was in existence from 1999, yet a major revamp has been carried out in its provisions with effect from 01.04.2018. The scheme has been revised for making it more impactful for rehabilitation of PwDs. Improvements made in the scheme include increase of honorarium and other cost norms by 2.5 times, streamlining the process of application and processing of proposals, rationalizing the number of model projects from 18 to 9, etc.
  • The list of model projects includes:
  • Pre-Schools, Early Intervention and Training
  • Special Schools for Children with
  • Intellectual Disabilities
  • Hearing and Speech Disabilities and
  • Visual Disabilities
  • Project for Cerebral Palsied children
  • Rehabilitation of Leprosy cured persons
  • Half Way Home for psycho-Social Rehabilitation of treated and controlled Mentally ill persons
  • Home Based Rehabilitation
  • Community Based Rehabilitation Programme (CBR)
  • Low Vision Centres and
  • Human Resource Development.

 Ministry of Women and Child Development

  • Government to celebrate ‘Poshan Pakhwada’ from 8th to 22nd March 2019 across the Country: Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi The Minister for Women and Child Development, Smt. Maneka Sanjay Gandhi today announced that the Government will celebrate the first anniversary of POSHAN Abhiyaan on 8th March, 2019 by organising Poshan Pakhwada across the Country. Speaking on the occasion, Smt Maneka Gandhi said that the Poshan Pakhwada will be celebrated on lines of ‘Poshan Maah’ held in the month of September, 2018. The Pakhwada will be launched on International Women’s Day, 8th March, 2019. The Minister informed that the Ministry of Women & Child Development is the nodal ministry for coordinating activities during the month, accordingly, State/UT WCD/Social Welfare Department will be nodal Department for a similar role. The event will be celebrated in convergence mode.

 Ministry of Commerce & Industry

  • 36 Hour Smart India Hackathon 2019 Grand Finale Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT),

 Ministry of Commerce & Industry,

  • today announced that the Smart India Hackathon (SIH) 2019 – Software edition, Grand Finale is to be held on March 2 & 3, 2019 at 49 different centers simultaneously across India where more than 34,000 ideas will be evaluated. Launched on Aug 29, 2018 in New Delhi, Smart India Hackathon 2019, harnesses creativity and expertise of students, builds funnel for ‘Startup India’ campaign, crowd sources solutions for improving governance and quality of life, and provides opportunity to citizens including students to provide innovative solutions to India’s problems.
  • All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) under the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) and in collaboration with MIC, i4c and Persistent Systems is organizing SIH 2019.
  • With 96 industries and 18 Central Government Ministries and Departments, SIH2019 is much bigger than its previous editions.
  • It includes 2 sub-editions – Software edition, which is a 36-hr software product development competition to be held on Mar 2 - 3, 2019. The Hardware edition, involving building of hardware solutions will be held later this year.
  • During the software edition grand finale, teams of thousands of technology students will build innovative digital solutions for problems posed by different industries and Central Ministriesand Departments.