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Daily PIB Analysis For UPSC/IAS | Download PDF

Date: 08 March 2019

Ministry of Science & Technology

  • Aligning ‘Nari Shakti’ to the frontiers of Science and Technology
  • Contributions of women are now well recognised by the society globally in all kinds of endeavours. Ministry of Science and Technology has also initiated several schemes to enrol and encourage women to take up science and technology as their career choice.
  • “In 2014, the Department of Science and Technology took a giant step forward and brought all the women-centric schemes and programs under one ambit named KIRAN (Knowledge Involvement in Research Advancement through Nurturing).” said Dr. Vardhan.
  • Outlining some of the key initiatives Dr. Harsh Vardhan stated that we have supported eight women-only Universities under the umbrella of CURIE (Consolidation of University Research for Innovation and Excellence in Women Universities) a programme towards development of research facilities and infrastructure.
  • “To enhance skills and promote self-employment among women, we have trained around 10,000 women for skill development in various areas such as quality control, industrial microbiology, cultivation of medicinal and aromatic plants, mushrooms, bamboo, fruit processing, value added agriculture, etc.”, further mentioned the Science Minister.
  • Expressing pleasure Dr. Harsh Vardhan stated that our work for women empowerment has also been appreciated and recognised. “The President of India Conferred Rani Lakshmibai Award (Nari Shakti Puraskar 2015) to Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC), which is an autonomous institution of my ministry, for its work for women empowerment in R&D through Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) training and today more than 10% of active patent professionals in the country are from this programme.”

Ministry of Textiles

  • Women-Empowerment Schemes of Ministry of Textiles
  • The Ministry of Textiles has formulated various schemes which empower women engaged in handloom and handicrafts sector.

HANDLOOM SECTOR:

  • As per the 3rd Handloom Census (2009-10), there are about 43.31 lakh handloom weavers and allied workers, of which 77% are women weavers & allied workers, who are involved in weaving and allied activities and earning income for their families. The benefits of following four schemes is reaching to women weavers and workers:
  •  National Handloom Development Programme which has the following components:
  1. Block Level Cluster
  2. Handloom Marketing Assistance
  3. Concessional credit/weavers Mudra Scheme
  • Handloom Weavers’ Comprehensive Welfare Scheme
  • Yarn Supply Scheme
  • Comprehensive Handloom Cluster Development Scheme
  • There is 100% subsidy to SC/ST/BPL and women weavers for construction of worksheds under National Handloom Development Programme.
  • Under Block Level Cluster component of National Handloom Development Programme, 412 Block Level Clusters have been sanctioned in last three years and the current year (2015-16 to 2018-19), under which coverage of women beneficiaries is 1,71,822.
  • Seven National Awards (Kamladevi Chattopadhyay Awards) and National Merit Certificate (Kamladevi Chattopadhyay Awards)were conferredon women weavers during National Handloom Day celebrated at Jaipur on 7th August 2018.
  • There is 75% subsidy to SC/ST, BPL and women weavers for enrolment under NIOS and IGNOU courses.

 HANDICRAFTS SECTOR:

  • In the handicrafts sector, there are about 7 million artisans in the country. Under Pehchan Initiative, approximately 25 lakh artisans have been identified for the issuance of I.D. Card and till date 19.97 lakh ID cards have already been issued. The percentage of female artisans is 56.07%.

SILK SECTOR:

  • production of silk has been recognized as an occupation of the women, for the women and by the women. Ministry of Textiles has taken measures for empowering women through sericulture through various activities.
  1. Women Empowerment under Silk Samagra: Sericulture is mainly known as a house hold activity being practised by women. About 55% of women are engaged in silk production value chain. Under Silk Samagra, Government of India has set a target to produce 38500 MTs of raw silk and to generate 100 lakh productive employment from 78.50 lakhs in 2013-14 (additional 21.50 lakh). With this the employment of women in sericulture is expected to increase to 55 lakh in 2020 from 43.20 lakh
  2. Buniyaad to eradicate thigh Reeling: Tasar silk is produced in India mainly by tribal women through the age old thigh reeling practice which is unhygienic, labour intensive, involves drudgery and is unproductive. Invariably, this practice leads to skin blemishes, allergies and infections besides, causing more inconvenience to women Tasar reelers.In order to eradicate this thigh reeling practice, the Government has decided to completely eradicate the thigh reeling with improved Buniyaad Reeling Machines by supplying 10,000 machines by 2020. Towards this, 4956 machines are being supplied to the women beneficiaries by March 2019 so as to ensure good health, hygiene besides rightful earning to the poor rural and tribal women reelers.
  3. Act East Initiatives: To create livelihood opportunities in North East Region, in line with the Act East initiative of Prime Minister of India, the Textiles Ministry is implementing 32 projects under its North East Region Textile Promotion Scheme (NERTPS)from 2014-15 onwards with Central Government’s share of Rs.849 crore through various segments of silk production value chain from farm to fabric. It is directly benefiting 60,000 beneficiaries covering around 45,000 women beneficiaries.

Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation

  • Water Storage level of 91 major reservoirs of the country goes down by four percent
  • The water storage available in 91 major reservoirs of the country for the week ending on March 07, 2019 was 58.723 BCM, which is 36% of total storage capacity of these reservoirs.
  • This percentage was at 40% for the week ending on February 28, 2019.
  • The level of water storage in the week ending on March 07, 2019 was 107% of the storage of corresponding period of last year and 99% of storage of average of last ten years.
  • The total storage capacity of these 91 reservoirs is 161.993 BCM which is about 63% of the total storage capacity of 257.812 BCM which is estimated to have been created in the country.
  • 37 Reservoirs out of these 91 have hydropower benefit with installed capacity of more than 60 MW.

Ministry of Women and Child Development

  • Ministry of WCD and Ministry of Skill Development enter into MoU for improving women livelihood and empowering them through skill development.
  • today entered into a Memorandum of Understanding aimed at improving women livelihood and empowering them through skill development. Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK) and the National Skill Development Council (NSDC) will be the implementing partners on behalf of the Ministry of Women and Child Development and Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship respectively.
  • The Ministry of Women and Child Development through Rashtriya Mahila Kosh will identify the skill sets and their geographical relevance which are suitable for enhancing livelihood of women through self-employment or wage employment.
  • RMK shall also develop necessary modules aligned with the National Skill Qualifications Framework for skill development of women.
  • Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship within the bound of Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojna shall extend their support for the skill development programme identified by Ministry of Women and Child Development.
  • Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship shall also provide details of women to MWCD who have received skill development training and engaged in producing goods or providing services after their training. Ministry of Women and Child Development, through RMK, shall assist such women to onboard into Mahila E-Haat platform.
  • Mahila E-Haat and NSDC will also jointly organize capacity building workshops for the NSQF certified women interested in self-employment/entrepreneurship etc.

Ministry of Culture

  • Release of Dictionary of Martyrs of India’s Freedom Struggle (1857-1947)
  • The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, today released the Dictionary of Martyrs of India’s Freedom Struggle, at an event in Lok Kalyan Marg, New Delhi.
  • Speaking on the occasion, he said this five-volume dictionary contains an account of the martyrs from India’s First War of Independence in 1857, to India’s Independence in 1947.
  • He said that this includes the martyrs of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, the non-cooperation movement, the Quit India Movement, and those soldiers of the Azad Hind Fauj, who attained martyrdom, among many others. He said that this was the first attempt at compiling the names of martyrs on this scale. He appreciated all those involved with the compilation, and the effort behind it.
  • The Prime Minister asserted that a nation that does not honour and remember those who created, or are an important part, of its history, often does not have a secure future. In that sense, he added that this effort, is not just a way to cherish the past, but is also a way to secure the future. He said that youth should especially be made aware of this effort.
  • The Prime Minister said that the effort of the Union Government is to nurture and recall the brave deeds of the heroes of our freedom struggle. He said this has a positive influence on the future generations, and inspires them to think of “India First.”

Ministry of Information & Broadcasting

  • Every edition of ‘India 2019’ and ‘Bharat 2019’ sets new publishing benchmarks: Shri Amit Khare
  • Reference Annuals ‘Bharat 2019’ and ‘India 2019’ The popular Reference Annuals ‘Bharat 2019’ and ‘India 2019’ were released by Shri Amit Khare, Secretary, Ministry of I&B today.
  • These have been compiled by the New Media Wing and edited and published by Publications Division under the Ministry.
  • This is the 63rd Edition of the prestigious publication.

Ministry of Road Transport & Highways

  • Advanced Braking Systems Made Mandatary for Vehicles
  • The Ministry of Road Transport & Highways has decided to mandate advanced braking systems, technologies and performance requirements for improved road safety and reducing accidents.
  • The provision will be binding on all vehicles with 9 seats and above. A notification to this effect was issued yesterday.
  • The existing vehicles will be required to adopt new provisions with effect from April 2021, while all new vehicles rolling out from April 2022 will have these pre-fitted.
  • This includes mandatory fitment of Anti lock braking system, introduction of stringent braking performance, endurance braking requirements, intelligent braking system to assist drivers in managing braking force, and electronic stability for better stability and to reduce roll over. With this, Indian braking regulations will be at par with European standards.