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Daily PIB Analysis For UPSC/IAS | Download PDF

Date: 07 March 2019

Vice President's Secretariat

  • Paraguay is an important partner of India in the Latin American and Caribbean region: Vice President There is a need for decisive action by international community against individuals and groups engaged in terrorist activities;
  • Calls on the President of the Democratic Republic of Paraguay; Holds Delegation Level Talks with the Vice President of Paraguay; Paraguayan leadership affirms its support to combat terrorism against the backdrop of the terror attack in Pulwama;
  • Applauds Paraguay’s decision to join the International Solar Alliance soon; Unveils a special commemorative postage stamp on Mahatma Gandhi; Witnesses signing of Memorandum of Understanding; Attends reception hosted by the Indian Community of Paraguay
  • The Vice President of India, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu has held high level talks with the leadership of Paraguay, in Asuncion today, in a bid to extend India’s outreach in the Latin American region and strengthen bilateral ties.
  • The Vice President who is on a two-day visit to the Latin American Country, is the highest-level representative of the Republic of India to visit Paraguay in the last 58 years since the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries on 13 September 1961.
  • Shri Naidu is accompanied by a high-level delegation consisting of the Minister of State for Tourism (I/C), Shri Alphons Kannanthanam, the Member of Parliament, Shri Ram Kumar Kashyap and senior officials from the Government of India.
  • The Vice President called on the President of the Republic of Paraguay, Mr. Mario Abdo Benítez, the Vice President, Mr. Hugo Velázquez, and the President of the National Congress (Senate), Mr. Silvio Ovelar.

Cabinet

  • Cabinet approves Continuation of Atal Innovation Mission The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved Continuation of Atal Innovation Mission (AIM), and for incurring expenditure up to Rs. 1000 crore till 2019-20 by Atal Innovation Mission for expanding Atal Tinkering Labs to 10,000 schools in view of their huge success at school level.
  • Details AIM has multiple programs to encourage and support innovation in the country.
  • State of the art Atal Tinkering Labs (ATLs) are being established in thousands of schools, world class Atal Incubation Centres (AIC) and Atal Community Innovation Centers (ACIC) are being established for universities and industry,
  • Promotion of product development in areas of national relevance and social importance is being supported through Atal New India Challenges (ANICs). Financial implications: Each ATL receives a grant in aid of Rs. 12 lakhs in the first year, and upto 2 lakhs per year for subsequent 4 years, for maintenance of the ATL equipment and operational expenses.
  • Each selected AIC would be receiving grant in aid upto Rs 10 crore over 3-5 years in tranches per year, based on review and evidence of planned milestones reached.
  • Innovators will receive commercialization and technology deployment grants upto Rs. 1 crore under the ANICs.
  • The Mission has undertaken many bold and forward-looking initiatives such as Alal Tinkering Labs (ATL) and Atal Incubation Centres (AIC), which have received great traction;
  •  Many Ministries/Departments of Government of India have initiated innovation related activities with the help and technical support of AIM.
  • Under the ATL program, more than 10,000 schools are expected to establish these labs by 2020
  • More than 100 Atal Incubation Centres (AICs) are likely to established around the country, supporting at least 50-60 startups each over the first five years. • More than 100 innovators/startups are expected to receive some support for productizing their innovations.
  • Other programs being supported through Ministries will have even more beneficiaries.
  • Each incubator is expected to foster 50-60 technology driven innovative Startups every four years.
  • The 100+ Incubators set up would thus foster 5000-6000 innovative Startups and this will multiply with new incubators being set up.
  • The potential for employment generation from these innovations driven Startups is quite high.

Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA)

  • Cabinet approves continuation of National AIDS Control Programme-IV (NACP-IV) beyond 12th Five Year Plan for a period of three years from April, 2017 to March, 2020
  • The total outlay will be Rs.6434.76 crore. Benefits: More than 99% of population will be kept HIV free. More than 70 lakh of key population covered annually through a comprehensive HIV prevention programme.
  • Around 15 crore of vulnerable population (including five crore pregnant women) will be tested for HIV in three years of project. Two crore 32 lakh units of blood will be collected at NACO’s supported blood banks during three year of project.
  • Two crore 82 lakh episodes of sexually transmitted infections will be managed under project during three years of project. Seventeen lakh of PLHIV will be put on free anti-retroviral treatment by end of project period. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA)
  • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by the Prime Minister has approved the investment approval for 2x660MW Khurja Super Thermal Power Plant (STPP) in District Bulandshahar of Uttar Pradesh at an estimated cost of Rs.11,089.42 crore and Amelia Coal Mine in District Singraulli, Madhya Pradesh.
  • The project will be implemented at an estimated cost of Rs. 1587.16 crore and will be implemented by THDC India Limited, a Mini Ratna CPSU under the Ministry of Power, Government of India.
  • The Khurja STPP will be based on Supercritical Technology with two units of capacity 660 MW each, equipped with latest emission control technology to protect the environment and has high efficiency and uses less fuel to generate power
  • . Amelia Coal Mine was allotted to THDC India Limited by Ministry of Coal, Govt. of India in January, 2017. The Khurja STPP will improve the deficit power scenario of Northern Region and particularly of Uttar Pradesh,
  • which has already signed Power Purchase Agreement with THDC India Limited for purchase of 60% Power from the Project and the other beneficiary states i.e. Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh and Delhi.
  • The project is expected to generate substantial direct and indirect employment and overall development of District Bulandshahar and nearby districts of Western Uttar Pradesh. The Khurja STPP will start yielding benefits from 2023-24.
  • Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) Cabinet approves Kiru Hydro Electric (HE) Project (4 X 156 MW) in Jammu and Kashmir The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, chaired by Hon'ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the investment sanction for construction of Kiru Hydro Electric(HE) Project (624 MW) by M/s Chenab Valley Power Projects Private Limited (M/s CVPPPL) in Jammu & Kashmir
  • The project will be implemented at an estimated cost of Rs.4287.59 crore (at July, 2018 price level) which includes Interest During Construction (IDC)and Foreign Component (FC) of Rs.426.16 crore and infusion of equity of Rs 630.28 crore by NHPC in M/s CVPPPL, for construction of Kiru HE Project (624 MW) including Rs.70 crore for pre-construction activities already approved by the Cabinet,
  • while according the approval for execution of the Pakal Dul HE Project. M/s CVPPPL, is a joint venture company amongst NHPC, Jammu & Kashmir State Power Development Corporation (JKSPDC) and PTC with equity shareholding of 49%, 49% and 2% respectively.
  • The project is located on River Chenab in Kishtwar district of Jammu & Kashmir. It envisages construction of a 135 m high concrete gravity Dam above deepest foundation level, 4 Nos circular, Pressure Shaft of 5.5 m internal dia of length varying from 316 m to 322 m, an underground Power House and 4 Nos
  • Tail Race Tunnel, Horseshoe shape, 7 m dia and length varying from 165 m to 190 m.
  • The project shall provide much needed power in northern grid and shall accelerate process of development of remote areas of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • The Project is scheduled to be completed in a period of 4 1/2 years. Kiru HE Project is envisaged as a Run of River (RoR) Scheme, designed complying with the requirements of Indus Water Treaty 1960, with installed capacity 624 MW (4 x 156 MW).
  • The Project would generate 2272.02 MU in a 90% dependable year.

 Ministry of Culture National

  • Council of Science Museums of Culture Ministry collaborates with Google Arts & Culture for largest interactive online exhibition on inventions and discoveries
  • The National Council of Science Museums (NCSM), an organization under the Ministry of Culture, Government of India has collaborated with Google Arts & Culture for ‘Once Upon a Try’: Epic journeys of invention and discovery - the largest online exhibition about inventions and discoveries ever curated, as an attempt to explore humanity’s greatest inventions and discoveries in an interactive online exhibition.
  • The online exhibition was launched yesterday and contains collections, stories and knowledge from over 110 renowned institutions from across 23 countries, highlighting millennia of major breakthroughs and the great minds behind them.
  • Everybody can now explore more than 400 interactive exhibitions that pay tribute to humanity's greatest leaps in science and technology, and the visionaries that shaped our world, as well as tales of epic fails and happy accidents.
  • National Council of Science Museums contributes six interactive stories that share some key insights into the long and glorious Science and Technology Heritage of India.
  • India's historical contributions to the field are considerable but not well known. The following six sections of the exhibition are key examples: