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Daily PIB Analysis For UPSC/IAS | Download PDF -

Date: 08 February 2019

Ministry of Commerce & Industry

  • GeM and CCI Sign MoU
  • Government e Marketplace (GeM) and Competition Commission of India (CCI) entered into a Memorandum of Understanding on 6th February 2019 to enable a fair and competitive environment in the e-Marketplace. Both CCI and GeM appreciate the importance of advanced analytical tools and processes for identification of malpractices like cartelization. In order to pool their knowledge of the public procurement domain for detection of Anti-competitive practices the MoU has been signed.
  • GeM is a state-of-the-art national public procurement platform of Ministry of Commerce and Industries, that has used technology to remove entry barriers for bonafide sellers and has created a vibrant e-marketplace with a wide range of goods and services.
  • Competition Commission of India is a statutory body of the Government of India, responsible for enforcing the Competition Act, 2002 throughout India and to prevent activities that have an adverse effect on competition.

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

  • Shri J P Nadda addresses the ‘Preparatory Meeting of the Global Fund’s Sixth Replenishment’
  • India has set an example globally by increasing its domestic financial allocations for health: J P Nadda
  • ‘Urges countries to enhance budgetary allocations for health’
  • “I am happy to share that India has set an example globally by increasing its domestic financial allocations for health.” This was stated by Shri J P Nadda, Union Minister o
  • The Global Fund is seeking to raise at least US$14 billion for the next three years to help save 16 million lives, cut the mortality rate from HIV, TB and malaria in half, and build stronger health systems by 2023.f Health and Family
  • In fact, our Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi Ji has fixed a target for us to end TB by 2025, five years ahead of the Sustainable Development Goals of 2030,” Shri Nadda elaborated.
  • The Union Health Minister said that the Global Fund has helped in scaling up ART treatment for people living with HIV (PLHIV), transition to viral load testing to monitor treatment outcomes, expand counselling and testing services, especially for the marginalized and key populations as well as move towards elimination of parent to child transmission of HIV.
  • He also appreciated the support of Global Fund in providing Long Lasting Insecticidal Nets (LLIN) to the endemic areas and implement other elimination strategies. “The impact of these interventions has been well demonstrated in the World Malaria Report 2018, where India has been the only high burden country to show a significant 24% decline in incidence,” Shri Nadda added.

Ministry of Commerce & Industry

  • Commerce and Industry Minister addresses interactive session on Indo-Africa Strategic Economic Co-operation
  • Suresh Prabhu said that the impressive growth in trade between Africa and India stems from a mix of factors, including a growing stock of foreign direct investment undertaken by African and Indian corporate entities and deepening economic and political ties illustrated by a number of strategic initiatives, particularly “Focus Africa” launched by the Government of India in 2002 to boost trade and investment between Africa and India.
  • Other key drivers include the Government of India’s Duty-Free Tariff Preference Scheme for Least Developed Countries launched in 2008 which has benefitted 34 African countries, Suresh Prabhu added.
  • The Commerce Minister said that synergy that exists between India and Africa can be gauged from the recent robust trends in Indo-Africa trade relations. Bilateral trade between Africa and India has increased from around USD 7 billion in 2001 to about USD 78 billion in 2014, before moderating to USD 60 billion in 2017, reflecting a commodity price decline.
  • The Minister said that while these initiatives bode well for bilateral trade, there remains substantial untapped trade potential. As per a joint study conducted by Exim Bank of India and Afreximbank, the value of untapped bilateral trade potential between India and Africa is more than USD 42 billion.

Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change

  • Journey of Sustainable Growth and Change: Workshop on Global Environment Facility, UNDP Small Grants Programme(SGP) inaugurated A Workshop on MoEFCC-Global Environment Facility, UNDP Small Grants Programme(SGP) was inaugurated today in New Delhi by Shri C.K. Mishra, Secretary, Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change(MoEFCC). Delivering the Key Note Address, said that it is the ground level work which make the difference, that may be in the context of national policies. He said there has to be sharing of details of best practices for their execution in all other areas of the country. Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) in implementing the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and financed Small Grants Programme (SGP) in India since 1997. Projects under the SGP are implemented through a National Host Institution – Centre for Environment Education (CEE), and other NGO partners and stakeholders that has presence in different parts of the country.
  • MOEFCC, GEF UNDP – SGP has been operational for over 25 years and is being implemented throughout the country.
  • The SGP has been working extensively in the areas of biodiversity conservation, climate change and land degradation.

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

  •  TB Elimination
  •  Govt of India has committed to ending tuberculosis by 2025. Globally, the average rate of decline in the TB incidence rate was 1.8% between 2016 and 2017.In India, rate of decline in TB incidence rate was 3.3% between 2016 and 2017 as compared to 2.3% between 2015 and 2016. The National Strategic Plan 2017-25 for TB elimination by 2025 was developed in 2017 and included various interventions through multi-stakeholder engagement to reduce the burden of TB. These interventions are being implemented from 2017 onwards and the impact of these would be evident in the subsequent years. There are various types of TB tests. When a tuberculosis skin test (TST) is positive, it is not always a cause of worry, as the person might only have infection and not have the disease. When a sputum microscopy or molecular test is positive, a diagnosis of TB is confirmed and although a cause for concern, the patient improves if promptly started on Anti-TB treatment and generally becomes non-infectious in 2-3 weeks. The Government is focusing on identifying additional cases among family contacts of people whose sputum samples have tested positive. As per the current guidelines preventive treatment is offered to those eligible below 6 years of age and immune compromised individuals like person living with HIV (PLHIV).

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

  •  JUNK FOOD
  • The standards for food grains have been prescribed under sub-regulation 2.4.6 of Food Safety and Standards (Food Product Standards and Food Additives) Regulations, 2011 which have to be complied with by all Food Business Operators (FBOs). The implementation and enforcement of Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006, and Rules and Regulations made thereunder primarily lies with State/UT Governments. The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has specifically asked State Food Safety Commissioners to ensure compliance of prescribed standards of food grains, inter-alia, by FCI, Food & Supply Departments and Fair Price Shops. Regular surveillance, monitoring, inspection and random sampling of food products, including food grains distributed under Public Distribution System, are carried out by the officials of Food Safety Departments of the respective States/UTs and where the food samples are found non-conforming to the prescribed standards, penal action is taken against the defaulting FBOs as per provisions of the Food Safety and Standards (FSS) Act, 2006 and Rules, Regulations made thereunder.
  • ‘Junk Food’ is not defined under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 and Regulations thereunder.
  • However, draft guidelines titled as ‘Guidelines for making available Wholesome Nutritious, Safe and Hygienic Food to School Children in India’ prepared by an Expert Group /Central Advisory Committee as per the directions of the Hon’ble High Court of Delhi in the matter of WP (C) No. 8568 of 2010 titled ‘Uday Foundation for Congenial defects and Rare Blood Vs UOI & Others’ has been issued by FSSAI wherein the availability of most common High in Fat, Sugar and Salt (HFSS) foods in schools have been restricted/limited.
  • FSSAI has been leading ‘The Eat Right India’ movement since July, 2018 to improve public health in India and combat negative nutritional trends to fight lifestyle diseases.
  • On the demand side, the Eat Right Movement focuses on empowering citizens to make the right food choices, on the supply side, it nudges food businesses to reformulate their products, provide better nutritional information to consumers and make investments in healthy food as responsible food businesses.

Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare

  • Inter State trade on e-NAM platform gain momentum Interstate trade on eNAM achieves the objective of removing barriers of movement of agriculture produce between geographies; in doing so, increases income through appropriate monetization of farmers’ produce :Sanjay Agarwal, Secretary, DAC&FW
  • Inter State trade of agricultural produce in wholesale mandis through National Agriculture Market (e-NAM) platform is gathering pace with the latest transaction taking place at Madhya Pradesh Mandsaur e-NAM mandi, which sold coriander to Ramganj mandi of Rajasthan. Similarly, inter state transaction is taking place at Maharashtra’s Akola e-NAM mandi, which sold green gram to Nokha mandi of Rajasthan. Recently, the first Inter State transaction in tomatoes has been carried out between trader of Bareilly e-NAM APMC of Uttar Pradesh and farmer of Haldwani e-NAM APMC of Uttarakhand, followed by similar trade in groundnut between farmers of Gadwal mandi in Telangana and Trader of Kurnool mandi in Andhra Pradesh.
  • So far 21 e-NAM mandis of eight States namely Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra & Madhya Pradesh had joined hands to start inter –State trade on e-NAM.
  • Apart from Uttarakhand & Uttar Pradesh, inter State trade also happened between Andhra Pradesh & Telangana, Rajasthan & Gujarat, Maharashtra & Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh & Rajasthan.
  • 136 inter-State transactions & 14 commodities which include vegetables, pulses, cereals, oilseeds, spices etc. have been traded under inter–state trade through e-NAM platform in a short span of time.
  • Rajasthan is the first State to start inter-State trade with more than one State, establishing trade link with Gujarat, Maharashtra & Madhya Pradesh through e-NAM